Cirrochroa tyche mithila  Moore, 1872

Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Up. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Un. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♀ Up. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Kanchanaburi, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Up. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Un. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♀ Up. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Tak, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Kanchanaburi, Thailand.
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Up. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Un. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♀ Up. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Nan, Thailand.
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Up. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Un. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Up. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Un.
♂ (dsf), Phrae, Thailand. ♂ (dsf), Surat Thani (Koh Tao), Thailand.
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Up. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Un. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Up. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Un.
♂, Chonburi, Thailand. ♂, Sa Kaeo, Thailand.
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Up. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Un. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Up. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Un.
♂, Vientiane, Laos. ♂, Nin Binh, Vietnam.

Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Up. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Un. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♀ Up. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♀ Un.
♂, Pattani, Thailand. ♀, Yala, Thailand.
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Up. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Un. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♀ Up. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♀ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Pattani, Thailand.
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Up. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Un. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Up. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♂, Ranong, Thailand.
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Up. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Un. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Up. Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Un.
♂, Satun, Thailand. ♂, Satun, Thailand.

ON : Cirrochroa mithila Moore, 1872
OD : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1872(2):558.
TL : Bengal.
Distribution : India to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia,
Vietnam, Guangdong, Guangxi, S.Yunnan, Hainan, Langkawi,
W.Malaysia, Singapore.
● ssp.mithila
ssp.anthonia
Cirrochroa tyche mithila map

Synonyms

Cirrochroa rotundata Butler, 1879 : Trans. linn. Soc. Lond.,(2)Zool. 1(8):543. TL. Malacca. (♀)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila f.latitaenia Fruhstorfer, 1912 : in Seitz, Grossschmett Erde 9:486. TL. Chiam-Hoa, Tonkin.
Cirrochroa tyche rotundata f.caera Fruhstorfer, 1912 : in Seitz, Grossschmett Erde 9:487. TL. Siam.
Cirrochroa tyche lesseta Fruhstorfer, 1912 : in Seitz, Grossschmett Erde 9:487. TL. Hainan.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Cirrochroa mithila ; Fruhstorfer,1906 : 324. (Siam)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Godfrey,1916 : 125.
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Pendlebury,1923 : 36. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Khao Ram; Khao Luang; Padang Beser)
Cirrochroa tyche rotundata ; Pendlebury,1923 : 36. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Khao Luang; Wat Kiriwong; Tai Sai River)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Godfrey,1930 : 268. (except P)
Cirrochroa tyche rotundata ; Godfrey,1930 : 268. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Khao Luang; Wat Kiriwong)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Godfrey,1931 : 194. (Ko Tao)
Cirrochroa tyche rotundata ; Godfrey,1932a : 268. (P)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Pinratana,1979 : 13, figs.N17a♂,♂(Un),♀. (Chanthaburi; Kanchanaburi; Nonthaburi; Chonburi; Ratchaburi; Saraburi)
Cirrochroa tyche rotundata ; Pinratana,1979 : 13, figs.N17b♂,♂(Un). (Nakhon Sri Thammarat; Yala)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 23, pl.6, figs.13a♂,♀,♂(Un). (Nakhon Ratchasima; Nakhon Nayok; Saraburi; Chonburi; Chanthaburi; Kanchanaburi; Petchaburi; Ratchaburi; Ranong)
Cirrochroa tyche rotundata ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 23, pl.6, figs.13b♂,♀,♂(Un). (Ranong; Nakhon Sri Thammarat; Yala)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 254, fig.84,♀. (Ubon Ratchathani: Kaeng Tana; Mukdahan: Phu Huay Sing)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 49. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram; Ubon Ratchathani: Kaen Tana; Nam Tok Soi Sawan; Phu Pung; Ban Ba Hai)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 69, fig.135,♂. (Umphang: Tha-Sai)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 356, pl.152, figs.N13a♂,♂(Un),♀. (Khao Yai)
Cirrochroa tyche rotundata ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 356, pl.152, figs.N13b♂,♂(Un). (Chumphon)
Cirrochroa tyche rotundata ; Les Day,2011-2022 : Samui Butterflies, figs. (Koh Samui)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 384,386, pl.165, figs.N216a♂,♂(Un),♀. (Khao Yai; Pang Sida)
Cirrochroa tyche rotundata ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 386, pl.165, figs.N216b♂,♂(Un). (Chumphon)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Okamoto et al.,2013 : 9, photo.15,♂. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Cirrochroa tyche rotundata ; Okamoto et al.,2013 : 9, photo.16,♂. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Nakhon Ratchasima; Saraburi; Chonburi)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 49, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao; Doi Pachang; Ban Salok; Muok Leck; Saraburi; Sarika; Wan Nam Khiewo; Kao Khiewo; Kao Soi Dao; Kratchin WF; Bang Phra; Ban Sarrey; Wang Kheo; Sai York Noi; Erawan WF; Kanchanaburi; Kao Phang WF; Kaeng Krachan; Hua Hin)
Cirrochroa tyche rotundata ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 49, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Khlong Naka; Than To WF.)

[ LAOS ]
Cirrochroa tyche f.mithila ; Dubois & Vitalis,1924 : 35. (Laos)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 54, pl.43, figs.5,♂,6,♂(Un),7,♀,8,♀(Un). (Luang Prabang; Vang Vieng; Phatong; Nam Moh; Tha Ngone; Nam Ngum Dam)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 205, pl.48, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀. (Boung Kuang; Thakhek; Lak Sao)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 41. (Namdhua; Nhahin)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Onodera,2009b : 35,39. (Xieng Kouang: Muang Kham; Bolikhamxai: Thabok)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 44.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Woodfield & Murton,2006 : figs,♀,♀(Un). (Botum Sakor NP.)
Cirrochroa tyche ; Onodera,2007 : 26, fig.46♂. (Rattanakiri: Ou Chum)
Cirrochroa tyche ; Onodera,2008 : 58. (Mondolkiri: Bousra)
Cirrochroa tyche ; Onodera,2009 : 36,40,41. (Mondolkiri: Sen Monorom; Siem Reap: Phnum Kulen)
Cirrochroa tyche rotundata ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 129. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Cirrochroa mithila ; Fruhstorfer,1906 : 324. (Tonkin / S.Annam)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Fruhstorfer,1912 : 486. (Tonkin)
Cirrochroa mithila ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 227. (Annam)
Cirrochroa latitoenia [sic] ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 227. (Tonkin)
Cirrochroa tyche f.mithila ; Dubois & Vitalis,1924 : 35. (Tonkin / Annam)
Cirrochroa moeris ; Lemee,1950 : 65. (Saigon)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Metaye,1957 : 93. (N / C / S)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ab.♀.latitaenia ; Metaye,1957 : 93. (N)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Ikeda et al.,2000 : 30, figs.2:3,♂,4,♂(Un),5,♀, fig.9:8(♂,genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Cirrochroa tyche ; Luong et al.,2004 : 5, 57, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Cirrochroa tyche ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 40. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi; Huong Thuy; Phong Dien; Bach Ma)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 17, figs.N-12,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dai Duc Me; Gung Re; Madagui; Dong Nai: Thac Mai; Bin Thuan: Dong Tien; Ta Cu)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 31. (N)
Cirrochroa tyche rotundata ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 31. (C / S)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Yokochi et al.,2015 : 40. (Khanh Hoa: Hon Ba)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Saito et al.,2017 ; 81. (S: Nui Cam; Nui Coto; Nui Ket)
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(1):182-184, pl.22, figs.1a♂,1b♂(Un),1c♀. (N: Na Hang; Huu Lien; Tam Dao; Ba Vi; Cat Ba; Cuc Phuong / C: Pu Mat; Vu Quang; Huong Son; Phong Nha-Ke Bang; Phong Dien; Huong Thuy; Nam Dong; A Luoi; Bach Ma; Kon Ka Kinh)
Cirrochroa tyche rotundata ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(1):182-184, pl.22, figs.1d♂,1e♂(Un). (C: Dong Xuan; Hon Ba; Nui Chua; Da Teh; Cat Loc; Yok Don; Binh Chua; Bu Gia Map; Chu Yang Sin / S: Cat Tien; La Nga; Lo Go Sa Mat)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 1♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 2♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 5♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 6♂ 1♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Loei : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 2♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sa Kaeo : 3♂ 1♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chonburi : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 1♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani (Koh Phangan dist: Koh Tao) : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Pattani : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Satun : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 4♂ 1♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Vientinae : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Bolikhamxai : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Champasak : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Vinh Phuc : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nin Binh : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lam Dong : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is common in montane and secondary forest at low to moderate elevations (Alt.10m - 1000m).
In Indo-China area to Malay peninsular, the species is highly variable and individual and seasonal variation seems to be more pronounced than geographic variation. It is a tendency the ground color and markings are getting darker towards north to south, however it is hard to separate them clearly. I consider that populations from W.Malaysia and P.Thailand are indistinguishable from rainy season form of continental populations. Thus I treat ssp.rotundata as synonym of ssp.mithila.


Literature

Moore, F.,1872 : Descriptions of New Indian Lepidoptera.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1872(2):555-583, pls.32-34.

Butler, A.G.,[1879] : The Butterflies of Malacca.
Trans. linn. Soc. Lond.,(2)Zool. 1(8):533-568, pl.68,69.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1912 : 6. Familie: Nymphalidae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9
457-488. (18.Mar.1912)


Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♀
♂ (dsf), Nan, Thailand. ♀, Sa Kaeo, Thailand.
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂
♂ (dsf), Nan, Thailand. ♂ (dsf), Nan, Thailand.
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂
♂, Sa Kaeo, Thailand. ♂, Sa Kaeo, Thailand.
Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂ Cirrochroa tyche mithila ♂
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♂, Yala, Thailand.

2007.10.20 - 2021.11.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.