Vindula erota erota  (Fabricius, 1793)

Vindula erota erota ♂ Up. Vindula erota erota ♂ Un. Vindula erota erota ♀ Up. Vindula erota erota ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Nan, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Vindula erota erota ♂ Up. Vindula erota erota ♂ Un. Vindula erota erota ♀ Up. Vindula erota erota ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.
Vindula erota erota ♂ Up. Vindula erota erota ♂ Un. Vindula erota erota ♀ Up. Vindula erota erota ♀ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♀, Ranong, Thailand.
Vindula erota erota ♂ Up. Vindula erota erota ♂ Un. Vindula erota erota ♀ Up. Vindula erota erota ♀ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♂, Ranong, Thailand.
Vindula erota erota ♂ Up. Vindula erota erota ♂ Un. Vindula erota erota ♂ Up. Vindula erota erota ♂ Un.
♂, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand. ♂, Pattani, Thailand.
Vindula erota erota ♂ Up. Vindula erota erota ♂ Un. Vindula erota erota gynandromorph Up. Vindula erota erota gynandromorph Un.
♂, Tak, Thailand. gynandromorph, Chanthaburi, Thailand.

ON : Papilio erota Fabricius, 1793
OD : Ent. syst. 3(1):76.
TL : 'Africa' loc. err. [Pulau Salang, Thailand]
Distribution : N.India to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos,
Cambodia, Vietnam, S.China, Langkawi,
W.Malaysia (Kedah).
● ssp.erota
ssp.chersonesia
Vindula erota erota map

Synonyms

Cynthia pura Swinhoe, 1894 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6)14:429. TL. Cherra Punji.
Cynthia circe Fawcett, 1897 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6)20:111. TL. Toungoo, Burma.
Callisatyrus jinguangensis Dong, 2018 : J. Biochem. Mol. Biol. Res. 3(1):203-204. TL. Aso village, Yongping County, Yunnan. (♀)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Cynthia erota erota ; Godfrey,1916 : 125.
Cynthia erota erota ; Godfrey,1927 : 123. (N)
Cynthia erota erota ; Godfrey,1930 : 267. (all over)
Vindula erota erota ; Pinratana,1979 : 11, figs.N14,♂,♀. (Chanthaburi; Chiang Mai; Kanchanaburi; Nakhon Nayok; Ranong)
Vindula erota erota ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 26, pl.9, figs.20,♂,♀. (Chiang Mai; Nakhon Ratchasima; Tak; Kanchanaburi; Nakhon Nayok; Chanthaburi; Chonburi; Ranong; Surat Thani; Pattani)
Vindula erota erota ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 49, fig,16,♂. (Ubon Ratchathani: Phu Pung; Phu Chong Na Yoi)
Vindula erota erota ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 69, fig.136,♂. (Umphang)
Vindula erota erota ; Katsuyama et al.,2006 : 49, fig.103,♂. (Nan: Ban Nam Poon)
Vindula erota erota ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 362, pl.155, figs.N22,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(dsf [wsf]). (Chiang Mai; Kanchanaburi)
Vindula erota erota ; Les Day,2011-2022 : Samui Butterflies, figs. (Koh Samui; Koh Phangan)
Vindula erota erota ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 390, pl.168, figs.N225,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(wsf). (Chiang Mai; Kanchanaburi)
Vindula erota erota ; Okamoto et al.,2013 : 9. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Vindula erota erota ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Ratchaburi; Loei; Nakhon Nayok; Phetchabun)
Vindula erota erota ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 52, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok; Chiang Dao; Doi Suthep; Doi Inthanon; Doi Pa Chang; Phu Khiewo; Sarika; Wan Nam Khiewo; Kao Soi Dao; Kratching WF; Kao Khiewo; Doi Musso; Mas Sohd; Sai York Noi; Erawan WF; Kuwai Yai; Muang Shone; Sai Kao WF.)
Vindula erota erota ; Chaianunporn & Chaianunporn,2019 : 87. (Chaiyaphum: Chulabhorn Dam)

[ LAOS ]
Cynthia sura [sic] ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 227. (Laos)
Cynthia auricoma ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 227. (Laos)
Cynthia triocellata ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 227. (Laos)
Vindula erota erota ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 54, pl.42, figs.7,♂,8,♂(Un) ; pl.43, figs.1,♀,2,♀(Un). (Phatong; Tha Ngone; Vientiane; Nam Moh; Ban Houei Sai)
Vindula erota erota ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 205, pl.48, figs.♂(dsf),♀(dsf),♂,♀. (Lak Sao; Nam Tha; Phong Saly)
Vindula erota erota ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 41. (Namdhua; Thabeng)
Vindula erota erota ; Onodera,2009b : 34,40,41,43. (Vientiane: Namsong Riverside; Bolikhamxai: Thabok; Phon Si; Khammouan: Nacay)
Vindula erota erota ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 44.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Vindula erota erota ; Woodfield & Murton,2006 : figs,♂,♂(Un). (Botum Sakor NP.)
Vindula erota ; Onodera,2008 : 60. (Mondolkiri: O Rang)
Vindula erota erota ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 129. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Cynthia erota ; Joannis,1901 : 325. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Cynthia erota erota ; Fruhstorfer,1906 : 333. (Tonkin / Annam)
Cynthia erota erota ; Fruhstorfer,1912 : 476. (Tonkin)
Cynthia erota erota ; Moulton,1923 : 129. (Pulo Condore)
Cynthia erota ; Lemee,1950 : 11. (Hagiang; Sontay)
Cynthia erota erota f.aest.erota ; Metaye,1957 : 93. (N / C / S)
Cynthia erota erota f.hib.pura ; Metaye,1957 : 93. (N / C / S)
Cynthia erota erota f.♀.auricoma ; Metaye,1957 : 93. (N / C / S)
Cynthia erota erota ab.♀.triocellata ; Metaye,1957 : 93. (N / C / S)
Vindula erota erota ; Ikeda et al.,2000 : 30, figs.1:16,♂(dsf),17,♂(Un,dsf),18,♂(wsf),fig.2:1,♀,2,♀(Un), fig.9:7(♂,genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Vindula erota erota ; Luong et al.,2004 : 5, 56, figs.♂,♂(Un) ; 57, figs.♀,♀(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Vindula erota ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 40. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi; Huong Thuy; Phong Dien; Bach Ma)
Vindula erota erota ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 17, figs.N-10,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dai Duc Me; Madagui; Dong Nai: Thac Mai; Bin Thuan: Dong Tien; Ta Cu)
Vindula dejone erotella ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 17, fig.N-11,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri)
Vindula erota erota ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 31. (N / C / S)
Vindula erota erota ; Yokochi et al.,2015 : 40. (Khanh Hoa: Hon Ba)
Vindula erota erota ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(1):179-180, pl.22, figs.1a♂,1b♀(dsf),1c♀(dsf),1d♀(wsf),1f♀(wsf,Un). (N: Hoang Lien; Muong Nhe; Na Hang; Ba Vi; Huu Lien; Pu Luong; Tam Dao; Xuan Lien; Cuc Phuong / C: Ben En; Pu Mat; Pu Hoat; Vu Quang; Huong Son; Phong Nha-Ke Bang; Phong Dien; Bach Ma; Ngoc Linh; Ba To; Hon Ba; Nui Chua; Loc Bac; Bao Lam; Da Teh; Cat Loc; Yok Don; Bu Gia Map; Chu Yang Sin; Ninh Son / S: Cat Tien; La Nga; Nghia Trung; Con Dao)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 2♂ 2♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 7♂ 5♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 4♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 8♂ 2♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Loei : 2♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 12♂ 2♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 3♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 6♂ 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Si Thamarrat : 3♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Pattani : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Xaignabouri : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Vientiane : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Vinh Phuc : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ninh Bin : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is very common in montane forest at low to high elevations (Alt.30m - 1600m).


Literature

Fabricius, J.C.,1793 : Entomologia systematica emedata et aucta. secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus.
3(1): [iv] + 488 pp. Copenhagen. C.G.Proft.

Swinhoe, C.,1894 : New Species of eastern Lepidoptera.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6)14:429-443.

Fawcett, J.M.,1897 : On new species of Rhopalocera from Toungoo, Burma, and the Battack Mountains in Sumatra.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6)20:111-113.

Dong, D.Z., Dao, Z.L. & Wang, Y.Z.,2018 : A new genus and two new species of Lepidoptera Satyridae, Sphingidae from Yunnan China
J. Biochem. Mol. Biol. Res. 3(1):203-205.


Vindula erota erota ♂ Vindula erota erota ♀
♂ (dsf), Lampang, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, THailand.
Vindula erota erota ♂ Vindula erota erota ♀
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. ♀, Phetchabun, Thailand.
Vindula erota erota ♂ Vindula erota erota ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Vindula erota erota ♀ Vindula erota erota ♀
♀ (laying eggs), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Vindula erota erota ♀ Vindula erota erota ♂
Eggs, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand.

2007.10.20 - 2021.11.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.