Euploea midamus chloe  (Guérin-Méneville, [1843])

Euploea midamus chloe ♂ Up. Euploea midamus chloe ♂ Un. Euploea midamus chloe ♂ Up. Euploea midamus chloe ♂ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand.
Euploea midamus chloe ♂ Up. Euploea midamus chloe ♂ Un. Euploea midamus chloe ♂ Up. Euploea midamus chloe ♂ Un.
♂, Sa Kaeo, Thailand. ♂, Phrae, Thailand.

ON : Danais chloe Guérin-Méneville, [1843]
OD : in Delessert, Souv. Voy. Ind. 2:71-72.
TL : Pulo-Pinang, cote Malaye.
Distribution : Nicobars, S.Myanmar, Thailand, Laos,
Vietnam, Yunnan, Langkawi, W.Malaysia.
● ssp.chloe
ssp.midamus
Euploea midamus chloe map

Synonyms

Euploea grotei Felder & Felder, [1865] : Reise Fregatte Novara, Lep. Rhop. (2):339-340, 'pl.41, fig.7,♀ [Euploea sylvester]' (in part). TL. Cochin. (♂♀)
Euploea margarita Butler, 1866 : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1866(2):279. TL. 'East Indies'. (NHML)
Euploea adamsoni Marshall, [1881] : in Marshall & Nicéville, J. asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt.2. 49(4):245. TL. Moulmein.
Euploea dejeani Distant, 1882 : Rhop. malayana : 29, pl.4, fig.1,♂,♂(Un). TL. Malakka.
Isamia marseuli Moore, 1883 : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883(3):313. TL. Saigon, Cochin China.
Euploea frischi Moore, 1883 : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883(3):313. (Boisduval, MS., nom. nud.)
Isamia brahma Moore, 1883 : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883(3):314. TL. Hatseiga, Moulmein. (NHML)
Euploea clerckii Moore, 1883 : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883(3):315. (Boisduval, MS., nom. nud.)
Isamia eclecta Swinhoe, 1917 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8)19:331-332. TL. Palone, Burma.
'Isamia fabricii Moore,1883 : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883(3):315. TL. Cochin China' [?loc. err.].


Type Materials Information

marginata ; ♂, Type (red), Rh6824, Moulmein. (NHML, examined)
brahma ; ♂, Type (red), Rh6825, Moulmein. (NHML, examined)
fabricii ; ♂, Type HT (red), Ex. Musaeo Boisduval, Ex. Oberthür Coll. (NHML, examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Euploea midamus chloe ; Fruhstorfer,1910 : 270. (Siam)
Euploea midamus brahma ; Fruhstorfer,1910 : 270. (Siam)
Euploea midamus chloe ; Godfrey,1916 : 120-121.
Euploea midamus brahma ; Godfrey,1930 : 242. (Prae: Me Song forest; Pak Jong; Muak Lek)
Euploea midamus dejeani ; Godfrey,1930 : 242. (Hat Sanuk; SW: Tasan)
Euploea aegyptus ; Godfrey,1930 : 322.
Euploea midamus dejeani ; Godfrey,1932a : 266. (P)
Euploea aegyptus ; Godfrey,1932a : 266. (Kantuli, by Seitz. 9:268.)
Euploea aegyptus ; Godfrey,1932b : 322. (P: Kantuli)
Euploea midamus chloe ; Pinratana,1977 : 88, figs.D33,♂,♀. (all over)
Euploea midamus chloe ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 69,74, pl.89, figs.32,♂,♀. (Kanchanaburi; Nakhon Nayok)
Euploea midamus chloe ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 253, fig.66,♂. (Mukdahan: Phu Mu; Phu Huay Sing)
Euploae midamus chloe ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 21. (Mukdahan: Ban Na Lak; Ubon Ratchathani: Nam Tok Soi Sawan; Kaeng E-Keow; Phu Hin Dang)
Euploea midamus chloe ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 48. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram; Phu Hin Khan; Ubon Ratchathani: Kaen Tana; Phu Chong Na Yoi)
Euploea sylvester harrisii ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : pl.77, fig.D28,♀,♀(Un). (in part)
Euploea midamus midamus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 216, pl.80, fig.D32a♂. ('Chiang Mai')
Euploea midamus chloe ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 216, pl.80, figs.D32b♂,♂,♂. (in part)
Euploea midamus chloe ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 216, pl.80, figs.N33,♂,♂,♂,♀,♀(Un). ('Chiang Mai'; Khao Yai; Hua Hin)
Euploea midamus chloe ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 41, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Phu Khiewo; Kao Yai; Nakohn Nayork; Kao Soi Dao; Erawan WF; Khlong Naka)
Euploea midamus chloe ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2017- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig., Early Stages. (Sa Kaeo) (accessed: 2023.04.27)
Euploea midamus chloe ; Küppers & Janikorn,2017 : 238, figs.Abb.Da-147-148. (Phang Nga)

[ LAOS ]
Euploea midamus chloe ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 53, col.pl.12 ; pl.38, figs.1,♂,2,♂(Un),3,♀,4,♀(Un). (Tha Ngone; Vientiane; Don Dok)
Euploea midamus chloe ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 204, pl.45, fig.♂. (Thabok)
Euploea midamus chloe ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 43.
Euploea midamus chloe ; Onodera,2022 : 24, pl.87, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Bolikhamxai: Thabok; Savannakhet)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Euploea midamus ab.marseuli ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 26. (Pnompenh)
Euploea midamus ; Onodera,2007 : fig.31♂.
Euploea midamus chloe ; Chartier & Kosterin,2022 : 115. (Koh Kong; Phnom Penh; Ratanakiri)

[ VIETNAM ]
Euploea midamus midamus ; Fruhstorfer,1910 : 270. (Tonkin)
Euploea midamus chloe ; Fruhstorfer,1910 : 270. (Tonkin)
Euploea fabricii ; Vitalis,1919 : 222. (Cochinchine)
Euploea marseuli ; Vitalis,1919 : 222. (Cochinchine)
Euploea fabricii f. fabricii ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 26. (Cochinchine)
Euploea midamus f. midamus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 26. (Tonkin)
Euploea midamus ab. marseuli ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 26. (Saigon)
Euploea midamus ; Lemée,1950 : 7. (Hanoi)
Euploea midamus midamus ; Metaye,1957 : 102. (N)
Euploea midamus chloe ; Metaye,1957 : 102. (N / C / S)
Euploea midamus chloe ab.marseuli ; Metaye,1957 : 102. (S)
Euploea fabricii fabricii ; Metaye,1957 : 102. (S)
Euploea midamus midamus ; Metaye,1958a : 167, pl.3, fig.3,♂. (S: foret de Dinh Quan) (in part)
Euploea midamus chloe ; Metaye,1958a : 167. (All over)
Euploea midamus chloe ab.marseuli ; Metaye,1958a : 167. (S: Saigon)
Euploea fabricii fabricii ; Metaye,1958a : 167. (S)
Euploea midamus chloe ; Morishita,1970 : 69, figs.27A♂♀ ; 27B♂♂(variation forms). (Dinh Quan; Vo Dat; La Nga; Trang Bom; Col de Blao)
Euploea midamus chloe ; Morishita,1977 : 47. (Vietnam)
Euploea midamus chloe ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 19, figs.D-25,♂♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri)
Euploea midamus chloe ; Monastyrskii,2011 : 67-68, pl.12, figs.1d♂,1e♂,1f♀. (C: Dakrong; Bi Doup-Nui Ba; Yok Don; Da Teh / S: La Nga; Binh Chau; Cat Tien; Lo Go Sa Mat)
Euploea midamus chloe ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 20. (C / S)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Phrae : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sa Kaeo : 3♂ 1♀ (incl. photo by S.Sophonviwatkul).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 2♂ 1♀ (incl. photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Prachuap Khirikhan : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Champasak : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lam Dong : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally not rare in montane forests at low to moderate elevations (Alt. 10 - 900m). Both sexes visit flowers and males occasionally come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water.
The type locality of fabricii is said to be "Cochin China". However, judging by the markings, it could be from Indonesia (probably Java). Ek-Amnuay,[2007],2012 recorded this species from Chiang Mai, but this is doubtful. I have never seen any from Chiang Mai. There appears to be a transition zone with ssp.rogenhoferi in Myanmar (around Yangon).


Literature

Guérin-Méneville, F.E.,[1843] : In A. Delessert, Souvenirs d'un Voyage dans l'Inde execut de 1834 - 1839 par M. Adolphe Delessert. Part II.
Historie Naturelle.

Felder, C. & Felder, R.,1865-1875 :
Rhopalocera. In Reise der Osterreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen Commodore B. von Wullerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Zweiter Band:
Abtheilung. Wien : vi + 548 + [1] pp in 5 parts, 140 pls.

Butler, A.G.,1866 :
A Monograph of the diurnal Lepidoptera belonging to the genus Euploea, with Descriptions of many Species founded principally on the Specimens in the Collection of the British Museum.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1866(2):268-302, 15 figs, pl.29,30.

Marshall, G.F.L. & Nicéville, L.de,[1881] : Some new Species of Rhopalocerous Lepidoptera from the Indian Region.
J. asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt.2. 49(4):245-248.

Distant, W.L.,1882 - 1886 : Rhopalocera Malayana: a Description of the Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula Rhopalocera Malayana
London, Author, Penang, Logan : xvi+482+[4]pp, 46 pls.

Moore, F.,1883 :
A Monograph of Limnaina and Euploeina, two Groups of Diurnal Lepidoptera belonging to the Subfamily Euploeinae;
with descriptions of new genera and species. Part II. Euploeina.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883(3):253-324, pls.29-32.

Swinhoe, C.,1917 : New Species of Indo-Malayan Lepidoptera.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8)19:331-343.

Morishita, K.,1977 : The genus Euploea in the Orient (Lepidoptera: Danaidae).
Acta Rhopalocerologica (2):1-60, 35 pls., Fukuoka. (in Japanese)


Euploea midamus chloe ♂ Euploea midamus chloe ♀
♂, Sa Kaeo, Thailand. (photo by S.Sophonviwatkul) ♀, Sa Kaeo, Thailand. (photo by S.Sophonviwatkul)
Euploea midamus chloe ♀ Euploea midamus chloe ♀
♀, Trat, Thailand.

1998.11.25 - 2023.04.30.