Herona marathus marathus  Doubleday, [1848]

Herona marathus marathus ♂ Up. Herona marathus marathus ♂ Un. Herona marathus marathus ♀ Up. Herona marathus marathus ♀ Un.
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Herona marathus marathus ♂ Up. Herona marathus marathus ♂ Un. Herona marathus marathus ♀ Up. Herona marathus marathus ♀ Un.
♂, Mukdaharn, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.
Herona marathus marathus ♂ Up. Herona marathus marathus ♂ Un. Herona marathus marathus ♀ Up. Herona marathus marathus ♀ Un.
♂, Vientiane, Laos. ♀, Bolikhamxai, Laos.
Herona marathus marathus ♂ Up. Herona marathus marathus ♂ Un. Herona marathus marathus ♀ Up. Herona marathus marathus ♀ Un.
♂, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand. (photo by S.Sophonviwatkul) ♀, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand. (photo by M.Hayashi)

ON : Herona marathus Doubleday, [1848]
OD : Gen. diurn. Lep. (2):294, pl.41, fig.3.
TL : Assam.
Distribution : N.India to N.Myanmar, Thailand, Laos,
Vietnam. S.Yunnan, Hainan.
● ssp.marathus
ssp.angustata
ssp.stellaris
Herona marathus marathus map

Synonym

Herona marathus marathon Fruhstorfer, 1906 : Wien. ent. Ztg. 25:349. TL. Than Moi ; Chiem Hoa, Tonkin.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Herona marathus marathus : Fruhstorfer,1906 : 350. (Hinlap)
Herona marathus marathon ; Fruhstorfer,1914 : 706. (Siam)
Herona marathus angustata ; Godfrey,1916 : 132. (Prae: Me Song forest; Pak Jong)
Herona marathus marathus ; Godfrey,1927 : 124. (N)
Herona marathus marathus ; Godfrey,1930 : 299. (Prae: Me Song forest; Pak Jong; Chiang Mai) (in part)
Herona marathus marathus ; Pinratana,1979 : 93, figs.N160a♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai; Chaiyaphum; Phitsanulok)
Herona marathus marathus ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 88, pl.65, figs.169a♂,♀(Un),♀. (Chiang Mai; Chaiyaphum; Phitsanulok; Nakhon Ratchasima) (in part)
Herona marathus marathus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 468, pl.208, figs.N182a♀[♂],♀[♂](Un). (in part)
Herona marathus marathus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 490, pl.218, figs.N366a♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Herona marathus marathus ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig. (Phetchabun; Nakhon Nayok) (accessed: 2021.09.26)
Herona marathus marathus ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 125, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao; Doi Suthep; Thung Saleng Luang; Phu Khiewo; Wan Nam Khiewo) (in part)

[ LAOS ]
Herona marathus marathon ; Fruhstorfer,1914 : 706. (Laos)
Herona marathon ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 232. (Laos)
Herona marathus f.marathus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1924 : 45. (Laos)
Herona marathus marathus ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 62, pl.75, figs.7,♂,8,♂(Un) ; pl.76, figs.1,♀,2,♀(Un). (Vang Vieng)
Herona marathus marathus ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 208, pl.74, figs.♂(dsf),♀(dsf),♀. (Nam Tha; Phong Saly)
Herona marathus marathus ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 47.

[ VIETNAM ]
Herona marathus marathon ; Fruhstorfer,1914 : 706. (Tonkin)
Herona marathon ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 232. (Tonkin)
Herona marathus ; Lemee,1950 : 16. (Hagiang)
Herona marathus marathon ; Metaye,1957 : 98. (N)
Herona marathus marathon ; Luong et al.,2004 : 8, 70, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Herona marathus marathus ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 43. (N / C)
Herona marathus marathus ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(1):57-58, pl.4, figs.3a♂,3b♂(Un). (N: Ba Be; Huu Lien; Tam Dao; Cuc Phuong / C: Ke Bang; Song Thanh)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai (excluding Omkoi dist.) : 1♂ 6♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 5♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Mukdaharn : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Nayok : 1♂ 2♀ (incl.photo by S.Sophonviwatkul & M.Hayashi).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Xiang Khouang : 1♂ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Vientiane : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Bolikhamxai : 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally not rare in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (Alt. 400m - 700m) and is often found along forest paths. Males occasionally come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water. Females are relatively common than males and come to rotten fruits. It's flight is not fast and rests on leaves of shrubs.
Population of Nakhon Nayok is slightly paler orange markings on the upperside than northern populations.


Literature

Doubleday, E. & Hewitson, W.C.,1846-1852 : The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera,
comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habits and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus ;
illustrated with 86 plates by W.C.Hewitson.
Longon, Longman, Brown, Green and Longman's. xii + ii + 534 pp, 86 pls, In 54 parts. In 2 vols.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1906 :
Verzeichnis der von Mir in Tonkin, Annam und Siam gesammelten Nymphaliden und Besprechung verwandter Formen.
Wien. ent. Ztg 25:307-362, 2 pls.


Herona marathus marathus ♂ Herona marathus marathus ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

2007.09.20 - 2021.10.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.