Ypthima baldus baldus  (Fabricius,1775)

Ypthima baldus baldus ♂ Up. Ypthima baldus baldus ♂ Un. Ypthima baldus baldus ♀ Up. Ypthima baldus baldus ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Ypthima baldus baldus ♂ Up. Ypthima baldus baldus ♂ Un. Ypthima baldus baldus ♀ Up. Ypthima baldus baldus ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Nan, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Ypthima baldus baldus ♂ Up. Ypthima baldus baldus ♂ Un. Ypthima baldus baldus ♀ Up. Ypthima baldus baldus ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Phrae, Thailand.
Ypthima baldus baldus ♂ Up. Ypthima baldus baldus ♂ Un. Ypthima baldus baldus ♀ Up. Ypthima baldus baldus ♀ Un.
♂, Vinh Phuc, Vietnam. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

ON : Papilio baldus Fabricius,1775
OD : Syst. Ent. :829.
TL : India.
Distribution : N.W.Himalaya to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, China.

Synonym

Ypthima marshallii Butler,1882 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)10:373. TL. Meplay, Thaungyin Valley.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Godfrey,1916 : 121.
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Pendlebury,1923 : 32. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Tai Sai River ; Wat Kiriwong)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Godfrey,1927 : 121. (N)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Godfrey,1930 : 243. (all over)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Aoki & Uémura,1984 : 75-77. figs.2a-c,3(♂ genitalia),4(map),8f,20♂(wsf),21♂(dsf),23♀(dsf). (Chiang Mai: Tam Tab Tao ; Chiang Dao ; Pang Makham Pom ; Mae Sa ; Doi Suthep ; Nam Tok Mae Klang / Tak: Doi Musso / Kanchanaburi: Kanchanaburi ; Sai Yok Noi / Phitsanulok: Trong Salang Luang / Loei: Phu Kadung ; Nam Nao / Nakhon Nayok: Khao Yai / Chanthaburi: Pon Nam Ron)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 253, fig.76♂(Un). (Ubon Ratchathani: Pha Taem ; Kaeng Tana / Mukdahan: Ban Naudom)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 23. (Mukdahan: Ban Na Lak / Ubon Ratchathani: Phu Chong Na Yoi ; Kaeng E-Keow ; Phu Hin Dang)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 49. (Mukdahan: Phu Mu ; Nam Tok Tad Ton / Ubon Ratchathani: Nam Tok Soi Sawan ; Phu Chong Na Yoi)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 68, fig.125♂. (Umphang: Tha-Sai ; Umphang)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 294, pl.119, figs.S90a,♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(dsf.Un),♀[♂],♀[♂](dsf.Un). (Doi Pui / Mae Hong Son / Umphang)
Ypthima yunosukei ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 296, pl.120, figs.S93,♂,♂(Un). (Doi Inthanon / Loei)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 294, pl.119, figs.N125a,♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pui /Mae Hong Son / Umphang)
Ypthima nebulosa ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : pl.120, figs.N127,♂(middle),♂(middle,Un). (in part)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Okamoto et.al.,2013 : 9. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Saraburi / Sa Kaeo)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 197, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (DOi Par Hom Pok . Doi Ankhaan / Doi Chiang Dao / Doi Suthep / Chiang Mai / Doi Inthanon / Khun Lao Villege / Maethro / Doi Pa Chang / Thung Saleng Luang / Bung Kahan / Phu Kradung / Phu Khiewo / Sarika / Nakohn Nayok / Wan Nam Khiewo / Kao Soi Dao / Kao Khiew / Mae Sohd / Doi Musso / Thung Yai / Sai Yok Noi / Kanchanburi / Kaeng Krachan / Pranburi / Hoi Yahn WF)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Chaianunporn & Chaianunporn,2019 : 87. (Chaiyaphum: Chulabhorn Dam)

[ LAOS ]
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 66, pl.90, figs.5♂,6♂(Un). (Tha Ngone)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 211, pl.96, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Phong Saly / Lak Sao)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 44. (Namdhua / Laksao)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Uémura,2006 : 2, fig.7,map. (Boun Neua / Phong Saly / Oudmxay / Xam Neua / Ban Saleui / Thabok / Xiang Khouang / Ban Nyong Nyamha / Phon Savan / Phou Lao / Muang Kham / Phong Si / Nam Dhua / Vieng Thong / Nha Hin / Lak Sao / Nam Kata /Thakhek / Nak Hai / Thateng / Paksong)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Uémura,2006 : 7-8, fig.42,map. (Muang Kham / Ban Ban to Nong Het / Phong Si / Vieng Thong / Nha Hin / Nha Hin Pass / Lak Sao / Nam Kata / Ban Namnian / Nak Hai to Lak Sao)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Uémura,2007 : 4, fig.24,map. (Phon Si / Nahin Pass / Namkata / Nakhai to Lak Sao / Ban namnian / Lak Sao / Nong Pet / Muang Kham / Ban Lat Khoay / Tad Thevada)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Onodera,2009b : 35-36,36-37,38,41,42. (Xieng Kouang: Muang Kham; Nam Noen / Houaphan: Phu Phan / Vientiane: Vang Vieng / Khammouan: Nacay / Bolikhamxai: Nahin)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Uémura,2011 : 3. (C: near Pakadin ; Phon Si ; near Nahin ; Nahin Pass ; Nakhai to Lak Sao 20km ; near Lak Sao ; Namkata ; Ban Namnian ; Phin - Tat Hai ; near border to Vietnam ; near Takhek / S: near Taot)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 49.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Ypthima baldus ; Onodera,2007 : 21,22, fig.43♂. (Rattanakiri: Ou Chum ; Ta Veaeng)
Ypthima baldus ; Onodera,2008 : 61. (Mondolkiri: Bousra)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 129. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Ypthima baldus ; Joannis,1901 : 318. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Fruhstorfer,1911 : 289. (Tonkin ; Annam)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Godfrey,1919 : 466. (S: Daban)
Ipthima (sic) marshalli ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1919 : 222. (Annam)
Ypthima baldus baldus f.aest.baldus ; Metaye,1957 : 102. (N)
Ypthima baldus baldus f.hib.marshalli ; Metaye,1957 : 102. (C)
Ypthima baldus ; Ikeda et al.,1999 : 57, figs.6:14♂,15♂(Un),16♀, fig.9:32(♂,genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Ypthima baldus ; Lien,2003 : 57. (Phu Quoc)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Hao et al.,2004 : 4, 50, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Uémura & Monastyrskii,2004 : 26-27. figs.2o-r, 6.4♂(wsf), 6.5♂(dsf). (N: Ba Be ; Na Hang ; Sa Pa ; Hoang Lien ; Muong Nhe ; Tam Dao ; Cuc Phuong ; Ba Vi ; Cat Ba / C: Ben En ; Pu Hoat ; Pu Mat ; Vu Quang ; Phong Dien ; Bach Ma ; Ba Na ; Ngoc Linh ; Kon Cha Rang ; Kon Ka Kinh ; Ban Me Thuot ; Da Lat ; Bao Loc / S: Cat Tien)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Monastyrskii,2005 : 116-117, pl.31, figs.3a♂(wsf),3b♂(wsf,Un),3c♀(wsd),3d♀(wsf,Un),3e♂(dsf),3f♂(dsf,Un),3g♂(Un). (N: Hoang Lien ; Van Ban ; Muong Nhe ; Tam Dao ; Cuc Phuong ; Ba Vi ; Ba Be ; Na Hang ; Cat Ba / C: Ben En ; Pu Hoat ; Pu Mat ; Vu Quang ; Phong Dien ; Bach Ma ; Ba Na ; Ngoc Linh ; Kon Cha Rang ; Kon Ka Kinh ; Ban Me Thuot ; Da Lat ; Bao Loc ; Cat Tien ; Da Teh / S: La Nga ; Nghia Trung ; Lo Go Sa Mat ; Loc Ninh ; Phu Quoc)
Ypthima singorensis indosinica ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006c : 34, figs.S-36♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri ; Madagui / Dong Nai: Thac Mai)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2007c : 39, fig.S-35♂. (Lam Dong: Dambri)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 26. (N / C / S)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Yokochi et al.,2015 : 40. (Khanh Hoa: Hon Ba)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Saito et al.,2017 ; 82. (S: Nui Cam / Nui Coto / Nui Ket)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 7♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Rai : 3♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 22♂ 7♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 2♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 2♂ 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 7♂ 6♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Loei : 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 2♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 2♂ 1♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 3♂ 1♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 2♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Bolikhamxai : 2♂ 1♀ (incl.photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Khammouan : 1♂ 1♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Houaphan : 1♂ 1♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sekong : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Vinh Phuc : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is very common in everywhere.

Literature

Fabricius, J.C.,1775 : Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibus, observationibus.
Flensbvrgi et Lipsiae, Libraria Kortii 8vo :[i-xxx] + 832pp.

Butler, A.G.,1882 : Descriptions of new Species of Lepidoptera from Tenasserim.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)10:372-376.

Ypthima baldus baldus ♂ Ypthima baldus baldus ♀
♂, Lampang, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Ypthima baldus baldus ♂ Ypthima baldus baldus ♂+♀
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂+♀, Lampang, Thailand.

1998.12.06 - 2020.03.31.
A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.