Ypthima baldus baldus  (Fabricius, 1775)

Ypthima baldus baldus ♂ Up. Ypthima baldus baldus ♂ Un. Ypthima baldus baldus ♀ Up. Ypthima baldus baldus ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Ypthima baldus baldus ♂ Up. Ypthima baldus baldus ♂ Un. Ypthima baldus baldus ♀ Up. Ypthima baldus baldus ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Nan, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Ypthima baldus baldus ♂ Up. Ypthima baldus baldus ♂ Un. Ypthima baldus baldus ♀ Up. Ypthima baldus baldus ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Phrae, Thailand.
Ypthima baldus baldus ♂ Up. Ypthima baldus baldus ♂ Un. Ypthima baldus baldus ♀ Up. Ypthima baldus baldus ♀ Un.
♂, Vinh Phuc, Vietnam. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

ON : Papilio baldus Fabricius,1775
OD : Syst. Ent. :829.
TL : India.
Distribution : N.W.Himalaya to Myanmar,
Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, China.

● ssp.baldus
ssp.newboldi
Ypthima baldus baldus map

Synonym

Ypthima marshallii Butler, 1882 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)10:373. TL. Meplay, Thaungyin Valley.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Godfrey,1916 : 121.
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Godfrey,1927 : 121. (N)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Godfrey,1930 : 243. (all over)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Aoki & Uémura,1984 : 75-77. figs.2a,b,c,3(♂ genitalia),4(map),8f,20&,#9794;(wsf),21,♂(dsf),23,♀(dsf). (Chiang Mai: Tam Tab Tao; Chiang Dao; Pang Makham Pom; Mae Sa; Doi Suthep; Nam Tok Mae Klang; Tak: Doi Musso; Kanchanaburi: Kanchanaburi; Sai Yok Noi; Phitsanulok: Trong Salang Luang; Loei: Phu Kadung; Nam Nao; Nakhon Nayok: Khao Yai; Chanthaburi: Pon Nam Ron)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 253, fig.76,♂(Un). (Ubon Ratchathani: Pha Taem; Kaeng Tana; Mukdahan: Ban Naudom)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 23. (Mukdahan: Ban Na Lak; Ubon Ratchathani: Phu Chong Na Yoi; Kaeng E-Keow; Phu Hin Dang)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 49. (Mukdahan: Phu Mu; Nam Tok Tad Ton; Ubon Ratchathani: Nam Tok Soi Sawan; Phu Chong Na Yoi)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 68, fig.125,♂. (Umphang: Tha-Sai; Umphang)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 294, pl.119, figs.S90a♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(dsf.Un),♀[♂],♀[♂](dsf.Un). (Doi Pui; Mae Hong Son; Umphang)
Ypthima yunosukei ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 296, pl.120, figs.S93,♂,♂(Un). (Doi Inthanon; Loei)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 294, pl.119, figs.N125a♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pui; Mae Hong Son; Umphang)
Ypthima nebulosa ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : pl.120, figs.N127,♂(middle),♂(middle,Un). (in part)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Okamoto et.al.,2013 : 9. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs., Early Stages. (Sa Kaeo; Saraburi) (accessed: 2022.09.12)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 197, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (DOi Par Hom Pok; Doi Ankhaan; Doi Chiang Dao; Doi Suthep; Chiang Mai; Doi Inthanon; Khun Lao Villege; Maethro; Doi Pa Chang; Thung Saleng Luang; Bung Kahan; Phu Kradung; Phu Khiewo; Sarika; Nakohn Nayok; Wan Nam Khiewo; Kao Soi Dao; Kao Khiew; Mae Sohd; Doi Musso; Thung Yai; Sai Yok Noi; Kanchanburi; Kaeng Krachan; Pranburi; Hoi Yahn WF.)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Chaianunporn & Chaianunporn,2019 : 87. (Chaiyaphum: Chulabhorn Dam)

[ LAOS ]
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 66, pl.90, figs.5,♂,6,♂(Un). (Tha Ngone)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 211, pl.96, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Phong Saly; Lak Sao)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 44. (Namdhua / Laksao)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Uémura,2006 : 2, fig.7,map. (Boun Neua; Phong Saly; Oudmxay; Xam Neua; Ban Saleui; Thabok; Xiang Khouang; Ban Nyong Nyamha; Phon Savan; Phou Lao; Muang Kham; Phong Si; Nam Dhua; Vieng Thong; Nha Hin; Lak Sao; Nam Kata; Thakhek; Nak Hai; Thateng; Paksong)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Uémura,2006 : 7-8, fig.42,map. (Muang Kham; Ban Ban to Nong Het; Phong Si; Vieng Thong; Nha Hin; Nha Hin Pass; Lak Sao; Nam Kata; Ban Namnian; Nak Hai to Lak Sao)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Uémura,2007 : 4, fig.24,map. (Phon Si; Nahin Pass; Namkata; Nakhai to Lak Sao; Ban namnian; Lak Sao; Nong Pet; Muang Kham; Ban Lat Khoay; Tad Thevada)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Onodera,2009b : 35-36,36-37,38,41,42. (Xieng Kouang: Muang Kham; Nam Noen; Houaphan: Phu Phan; Vientiane: Vang Vieng; Khammouan: Nacay; Bolikhamxai: Nahin)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Uémura,2011 : 3. (C: near Pakadin; Phon Si; near Nahin; Nahin Pass; Nakhai to Lak Sao 20km; near Lak Sao; Namkata; Ban Namnian; Phin - Tat Hai; near border to Vietnam; near Takhek / S: near Taot)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 49.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Ypthima baldus ; Onodera,2007 : 21,22, fig.43,♂. (Rattanakiri: Ou Chum; Ta Veaeng)
Ypthima baldus ; Onodera,2008 : 61. (Mondolkiri: Bousra)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 129. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Ypthima baldus ; Joannis,1901 : 318. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Fruhstorfer,1911 : 289. (Tonkin ; Annam)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Godfrey,1919 : 466. (S: Daban)
Ipthima [sic] marshalli ; Dubois & Vitalis,1919 : 222. (Annam)
Ypthima baldus baldus f.aest.baldus ; Metaye,1957 : 102. (N)
Ypthima baldus baldus f.hib.marshalli ; Metaye,1957 : 102. (C)
Ypthima baldus ; Ikeda et al.,1999 : 57, figs.6:14,♂,15,♂(Un),16,♀, fig.9:32(♂,genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Ypthima baldus ; Vu,2003 : 57. (Phu Quoc)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Luong et al.,2004 : 4, 50, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Uémura & Monastyrskii,2004 : 26-27. figs.2o-r, 6.4,♂(wsf), 6.5,♂(dsf). (N: Ba Be; Na Hang; Sa Pa; Hoang Lien; Muong Nhe; Tam Dao; Cuc Phuong; Ba Vi; Cat Ba / C: Ben En; Pu Hoat; Pu Mat; Vu Quang; Phong Dien; Bach Ma; Ba Na; Ngoc Linh; Kon Cha Rang; Kon Ka Kinh; Ban Me Thuot; Da Lat; Bao Loc / S: Cat Tien)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Monastyrskii,2005 : 116-117, pl.31, figs.3a♂(wsf),3b♂(wsf,Un),3c♀(wsd),3d♀(wsf,Un),3e♂(dsf),3f♂(dsf,Un),3g♂(Un). (N: Hoang Lien; Van Ban; Muong Nhe; Tam Dao; Cuc Phuong; Ba Vi; Ba Be; Na Hang; Cat Ba / C: Ben En; Pu Hoat; Pu Mat; Vu Quang; Phong Dien; Bach Ma; Ba Na; Ngoc Linh; Kon Cha Rang; Kon Ka Kinh; Ban Me Thuot; Da Lat; Bao Loc; Cat Tien; Da Teh / S: La Nga; Nghia Trung; Lo Go Sa Mat; Loc Ninh; Phu Quoc)
Ypthima singorensis indosinica ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006c : 34, figs.S-36,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri ; Madagui / Dong Nai: Thac Mai)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2007c : 39, fig.S-35,♂. (Lam Dong: Dambri)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 26. (N / C / S)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Yokochi et al.,2015 : 40. (Khanh Hoa: Hon Ba)
Ypthima baldus baldus ; Saito et al.,2017 ; 82. (S: Nui Cam; Nui Coto; Nui Ket)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 7♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Rai : 3♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 22♂ 7♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 2♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 2♂ 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 7♂ 6♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Loei : 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 2♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 2♂ 1♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 3♂ 1♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 2♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Bolikhamxai : 2♂ 1♀ (incl.photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Khammouan : 1♂ 1♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Houaphan : 1♂ 1♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sekong : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Vinh Phuc : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is very common everywhere at low to high elevations (alt.10m - 1800m).


Literature

Fabricius, J.C.,1775 : Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibus, observationibus.
Flensbvrgi et Lipsiae, Libraria Kortii 8vo :[i-xxx] + 832pp.

Butler, A.G.,1882 : Descriptions of new Species of Lepidoptera from Tenasserim.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)10:372-376.


Ypthima baldus baldus ♂ Ypthima baldus baldus ♀
♂, Lampang, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Ypthima baldus baldus ♂ Ypthima baldus baldus ♂+♀
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂+♀, Lampang, Thailand.

1998.12.06 - 2022.09.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.