Orsotriaena medus medus  (Fabricius, 1775)

Orsotriaena medus medus ♂ Up. Orsotriaena medus medus ♂ Un. Orsotriaena medus medus ♀ Up. Orsotriaena medus medus ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Orsotriaena medus medus ♂ Up. Orsotriaena medus medus ♂ Un. Orsotriaena medus medus ♀ Up. Orsotriaena medus medus ♀ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Satun, Thailand.
Orsotriaena medus medus ♂ Up. Orsotriaena medus medus ♂ Un. Orsotriaena medus medus ♂ Up. Orsotriaena medus medus ♂ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Surat Thani (Koh Phangan), Thailand.
Orsotriaena medus medus ♂ Up. Orsotriaena medus medus ♂ Un. Orsotriaena medus medus ♂ Up. Orsotriaena medus medus ♂ Un.
♂, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand. ♂ (dsf, var.), Phayao, Thailand.

ON : Papilio medus Fabricius, 1775
OD : Syst. Ent. :488.
TL : Capite Bonae Spei, [Java].
Distribution : Nepal to Myanmar, Andamans, Thailand, Laos,
Cambodia, Vietnam, Hainan, S.China, Langkawi, W.Malaysia,
Tioman, Singapore, Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda,
Philippines, Palawan, Sulawesi, Peleng, Moluccas, New Guinea.
Orsotriaena medus medus map

Synonyms

Papilio hesione Cramer, 1775 : Uitl. Kapellen 1:16, pl.11, figs.C,D. TL. 'Suriname'
Papilio doris Stoll, 1781 : in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4(29-31):141, pl.352, fig.C(Un). TL. China.
Mycalesis runeka Moore, [1858] : in Horsfield & Moore, Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Co. (1):234. TL. Assam.
Mycalesis cinerea Butler, 1867 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3)20:401, pl.8, fig.9. TL. Singapore.
Orsotrianena medus medus forma turbata Fruhstorfer, 1908 : Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 58(6/7):214. TL. Sikkim ; Nikobaren.
Orsotrianena medus medus forma licium Fruhstorfer, 1908 : Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 58(6/7):215. TL. Celebes.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Orsotriaena medus ; Godfrey,1916 : 122.
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Godfrey,1927 : 122. (N)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Godfrey,1930 : 253. (all over)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Godfrey,1932a : 267. (P)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Pinratana,1988 : 26, pl.29, figs.72a♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai; Ratchaburi; Chanthaburi; Kanchanaburi; Nakhon Nayok; Ranong)
Orsotriaena medus cinerea ; Pinratana,1988 : 26, pl.29, figa.72b♂,♂(Un). (Yala)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 253, fig.75,♂(Un). (Mukdahan: Ban Naudom)
Orsotriaena madus medus ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 23. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram; Phu Huay Sing; Nam Tok Tad Ton; Nam Tok Kham Cha I; Ban Na Lak; Ban Gok Tum; Ubon Ratchathani: Ban Ba Hai; Phu Chong Na Yoi; Kaeng Tana; Phu Hin Dang)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 49. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram; Phu Ma No Rom; Ubon Ratchathani: Warin Chamrap; Phu Chong Na Yoi)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 68, fig.123,♀. (Umphang: Tha-Sai; Umphang)
Orsotriaena madus medus ; Katsuyama et al.,2006 : 48, fig.89,♂. (Nan: Ban Nam Poon)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 284, pl.114, figs.S79a♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Sai Yok; Trat; Mae Hong Son)
Orsotriaena medus cinerea ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 284, pl.115, figs.S79b♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Yala; Krabi)
Orsotriaena madus cinerea ; Uémura,2010 : 4.
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Les Day,2011- : Samui Butterflies. fig. (Koh Samui; Koh Phangan) (accessed: 2022.04.27)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 284, pl.115, figs.N114,♂,♂(Un),♀(Un,Malaysia),♀,♀(Un). (Trat; Mae Hong Son; Yala; Krabi)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Okamoto et.al.,2013 : 9. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Phetchabun; Sukhothai; Trat) (accessed: 2022.04.27)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 188-189, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao; Doi Suthep; Doi Pa Chang; Sarika; Nakohn Nayok; Wan Nam Khiewo; Kao Soi Dao; Kratching WF; Kuwai Yai; Kaeng Krachang)
Orsotriaena medus cinerea ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 188-189, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chum Phoong; Kam Puan; Ranong Hot Spring; Khlong Naka; Ka Chong; Tarutao Is; Than To WF.)
Orsotriaena medus cinerea ; Küppers & Janikorn,2017 : 271-272, figs.Abb.S-149-152. (Phang Nga)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Chaianunporn & Chaianunporn,2019 : 86. (Chaiyaphum: Chulabhorn Dam)

[ LAOS ]
Orsotriaena medus f.runeka ; Dubois & Vitalis,1924 : 31. (Vientiane; Sale-Pak-Nao)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 64, pl.84, figs.5,♂,6,♂(Un),7,♀,8,♀(Un). (Luang Prabang; Vientiane; Tha Ngone; Nam Moh)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 211, pl.94, figs.♂,♂(dsf,Un),♂(Un). (Lak Sao; Xaignabouri; Vang Vieng)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Uémura,2004 : 2, fig.11,map. (Saignabouri; Vang Vieng; Ban Keun; Thabok; Xiang Khouang; Ban Boung Kuang; Lak Sao)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 44. (Thabeng; Namdhua)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Uémura,2006 : 4-5, fig.20,map. (Tha Ngone; Muang Kham; Phong Si; Vieng Thong; Nha Hin Pass; Nam Kata)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Uémura,2007 : 2, fig.11,map. (Phon Si; Tha Ngone; near Ban Lat Khoay; Tad Thevada)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Uémura,2011 : 2. (C: Tha Ngone; Phon Si / S: near Phatao-Namho)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 48.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Woodfield & Murton,2006 : figs,♂,♂(Un). (Botum Sakor NP.)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 129. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Orsotriaena medus ; Godfrey,1919 : 466. (S: Daban)
Orsotriaena medus f.hesione ; Dubois & Vitalis,1924 : 31. (Annam: Moung-Sen)
Orsotriaena medus ; Lemee,1950 : 8. (Langson(Dong Dang))
Orsotriaena medus medus f.hesione ; Metaye,1957 : 104. (C)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Ikeda et al.,1999 : 57, fig.5:10,♂,11,♂(Un),12,♀, fig.9:25(♂,genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Orsotriaena medus ; Vu,2003 : 57. (Phu Quoc)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Luong et al.,2004 : 4, 48, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Monastyrskii,2005 : 82-83, pl.22, figs.3a♂,3b♂(wsf,Un),3c♂(dsf,Un). (N: Pu Hoat; Ba Be; Na Hang; Cat Ba; Cuc Phuong / C: Pu Hoat; Pu Mat; Ba Na; Song Thanh / S: Cat Tien; Tay Ninh; Nghia Trung)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006c : 31, figs.S-23,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Gung Re; Madagui)
Orsotriaena medus medus ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 24. (N / C / S)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 9♂ 4♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phayao : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 2♂ 1♀ (incl.photo by E.Ikari).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani (Koh Phangan) : 2♂ (incl.photo by A.Giudici).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Si Thammarat : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Satun (Koh Tarutao) : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lam Dong : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is very common in secondary and montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.10m - 900m). The individuals without a white band on the underside are occasionally found during the dry season.


Literature

Fabricius, J.C.,1775 : Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibus, observationibus.
Flensbvrgi et Lipsiae, Libraria Kortii 8vo :[i-xxx] + 832pp.

Cramer, P.,1775-1780 :
De uitlandsche Kapellen voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America. Papillons exotiques des trois parties du monde l'Asie, l'Afrique et l'Amerique.
Amsteldam, S.J.Baalde; Barthelemy Wild and J. Van Schoonhoven & Comp.
1(1/7):i-xxx, 1-16, 1-132, pls.1-84 ([31 December]1775), (8):133-155, pls.85-96 (1776); 2(9/16):1-151, pls.97-192 (1777); 3(17/22):1-128, pls.193-264 (1779), (23/24):129-176, pls.265-288 (1780); 4(25/26):1-28, pls.289-304 (1780)

Stoll, C.,1780-1782 :
In Cramer, De uitlandsche Kapellen voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America. Papillons exotiques des trois parties du monde l'Asie, l'Afrique et l'Amerique.
Amsteldam, S.J.Baalde; Barthelemy Wild and J. Van Schoonhoven & Comp.
4(26/28):29-90, pls.305-336 (1780), (29/31):91-164, pls.337-372 (1781), (32/34):165-252, pls.373-400 (1782)

Horsfield, T. & Moore, F.,[1858] :
A catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects in the Museum of the Honourable East-India Company. Vol.1.
London. East India Co.

Butler, A.G.,1867 : Descriptions of new or little-known species of Asiatic Lepidoptera.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3)20:399-405, 2 pls.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1908 : Neue indo-australische Mycalesis und Besprechung verwandter Formen.
Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien. 58(2/3):126-128; (6/7):129-239, pl.1.

Aoki, T., Yamaguchi, S. & Uémura, Y.,1982 : Butterflies of the South East Asian Islands vol.3. Satyridae, Amathusiidae and Libytheidae.
530 pp, 113 col.pls. Plapac co. Ltd. (in Japanese)


Orsotriaena medus medus ♂ Orsotriaena medus medus ♂
♂ (wsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂ (dsf, var.), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Orsotriaena medus medus ♂
♂, Surat Thani (Koh Phangan), Thailand.
(photo by A.Giudici)

1998.12.28 - 2022.05.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.