Neope bhadra  (Moore,[1858])

Neope bhadra ♂ Up. Neope bhadra ♂ Un. Neope bhadra ♀ Up. Neope bhadra ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Neope bhadra ♂ Up. Neope bhadra ♂ Un. Neope bhadra ♀ Up. Neope bhadra ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Xiang Khouang, Laos. (photo by H.Onodera)

ON : Lasiommata bhadra Moore,[1858]
OD : in Horsfield & Moore, Cat. lep. Ins. Mus. East India Co. (1):227-228.
TL : Darjiling. (NHML)
Distribution : Nepal, N.India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, S.Yunnan, Guangxi.

Synonyms

Lethe bhadra dsf.beata Talbot,1947 : Fauna Brit. India (Butts) (ed.2) 2:236. TL. East Pegu.
Neope bhadra subflava Chou,1994 : Monograph. Rhop. Sin. : 756, pl.344, fig.♂,♂(Un). TL. Mt.Dayaoshan, Guangxi.
Neope bhadra endohi Funahashi,2003 : Wallace 8:11, pl.4, fig.15♂. TL. Sa Pa, Lao Cai, N.Vietnam.


Type Materials Information

bhadra : Syntypes 4♂ 1♀ Darjiling. (NHML)
subflava : Holotype ♂, Mt.Dayaoshan, Guangxi. 1982.Jul.12. Wang Zhuyin Coll. (GAA)
endohi :
Holotype ♂, 1993.May., Sapa, Lao Cai, N.Vietnam. (in coll. Funahashi)
Paratypes : Same locality as the holotype.
20♂ 20♀, 1993.May-Jun., Akio Shinkai coll. (in Coll. Funahashi) ;
1♂ 1♀, 1993.May-Jun., Akio Shinkai coll. (in coll. Morita)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Neope bhadra ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 254, pl.99, fig.S38,♂[♀],♂[♀](Un),♀[♂],♀[♂](Un). ([Doi Pha Hom Pok])
Neope bhadra ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 252, pl.98, fig.N74,♂[♀],♂[♀](Un) ; pl.99, fig.N74,♀[♂],♀[♂](Un). ([Doi Pha Hom Pok])
Neope bhadra ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig. (Kamphaeng Phet)
Neope bhadra ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 174, fig.♂,♂(Un). (Mae Hong Son prov.)

[ LAOS ]
Neope bhadra f.bhadra ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 29. (Na-Hon)
Neope bhadra ; Masui & Uehara,1997 : 6-7, pl.2, fig.7♂,♂(Un). (Phong Sali)
Neope bhadra ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 210, pl.93, figs.♂,♀. (Phong Saly / Xam Neua)
Neope bhadra ; Uémura,2004 : 1, fig.4 map. (Phong Saly)
Neope bhadra ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 48.

[ VIETNAM ]
Neope bhadra ; Funahashi,2003 : 16. (Lao Cai: Sapa)
Neope bhadra ; Monastyrskii,2005 : 73-74, pl.19, figs.1a♂,1b♂(Un). (N: Tam Dao ; Muong Hum ; Liuet / C: Pu Hoat ; Pu Mat ; Ngoc Linh ; Kon Plong)
Neope bhadra ; Miyazaki et al.,2010 : 24, fig.S-59♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Gung Re)
Neope bhadra bhadra ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 23. (N / C: to Lam Dong)
Neope bhadra ; Yokochi et al.,2015 : 40, 48, fig.34,♂,♂(Un),35,♀,♀(Un). (Khanh Hoa: Hon Ba)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai (confined to Omkoi dist.) : 7♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 7♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Xiang Khouang : 1♂ 1♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phong Saly : 1♂ (photo by K.Phongpiyamit).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
Though Ek-Amnuay,[2007],2012 recorded this species from Doi Pha Hom Pok, it is considered to be an incorrect location. In that area, Neope armandii is not rare but Neope bhadra has never been found until now.


Literature

Horsfield, T. & F. Moore,[1858] :
A catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects in the Museum of the Honourable East-India Company. Vol.1.
London. East India Co.

Talbot, G.,1947 : Fauna of British India, including Ceylon & Burma. Butterflies. 2. (Danaidae, Satyridae, Amathusiidae, Acraeidae) (ed.2).
London : xv + 506pp, tf.1-104, map, pls.1-2.

Chou, I. (ed.),1994 : Monographia Rhopalocerorum Sinensium.
2 vols., 854 pp. Henan Scientific and Technological Publishing House.

Funahashi, A.,2003 : Butterflies of Vietnam part.2
Descriptions of 19 New subspecies of Butterflies from Vietnam.
Wallace 8:3-15, 4 pls.

Neope bhadra ♂ Neope bhadra ♂
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♂, Phong Saly, Laos. (photo by K.Phongpiyamit)

1998.12.26 - 2019.01.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.