Lethe confusa confusa  Aurivillius, [1898]

Lethe confusa confusa ♂ Up. Lethe confusa confusa ♂ Un. Lethe confusa confusa ♀ Up. Lethe confusa confusa ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Lethe confusa confusa ♂ Up. Lethe confusa confusa ♂ Un. Lethe confusa confusa ♀ Up. Lethe confusa confusa ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.
Lethe confusa confusa ♂ Up. Lethe confusa confusa ♂ Un. Lethe confusa confusa ♀ Up. Lethe confusa confusa ♀ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♀, Ranong, Thailand.

ON : Lethe confusa Aurivillius, [1898]
OD : Ent. Tidskr. 18:142.
TL : [India]
Distribution : N.W.India to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos,
Cambodia, Vietnam, S.E.Tibet, Hainan, China.
Lethe confusa confusa map

Synonyms

Lethe rohria gambara Fruhstorfer, 1911 : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:315. TL. Assam.
Lethe rohria apara Fruhstorfer, 1911 : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:315. TL. Hong Kong ; C.Tonkin. (NHML)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Lethe rohria ssp. ; Godfrey,1916 : 122. (Prae: Me Song forest)
Lethe confusa gambara ; Godfrey,1927 : 121. (N)
Lethe confusa gambara ; Godfrey,1930 : 245. (Prae: Me Song forest)
Lethe confusa apara ; Pinratana,1988 : 12, pl.11, fig.20. (Chiang Mai; Chaiyaphum; Kanchanaburi; Ranong)
Lethe confusa confusa ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 68, fig.115,♂. (Umphang: Tha-Sai; Umphang)
Lethe confusa confusa ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 242, pl.93, figs.S21,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai; Kanchanaburi)
Lethe confusa confusa ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 242, pl.93, figs.N57,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai; Kanchanaburi)
Lethe confusa confusa ; Uémura,2010 : 3. (Kao Poh Ta)
Lethe confusa confusa ; Okamoto et.al.,2013 : 9. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Lethe confusa confusa ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Kamphaeng Phet; Nan) (accessed: 2022.02.24)
Lethe confusa confusa ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 168, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok; Doi Chiang Dao; Doi Suthep; Maethro; Charn Phui; Doi Pa Chang; Phu Kradung; Phu Khiewo; Kao Soi Dao; Muang Shone)
Lethe confusa confusa ; Chaianunporn & Chaianunporn,2019 : 86. (Chaiyaphum: Chulabhorn Dam)

[ LAOS ]
Lethe rohria f.godana ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 28. (Muong-You; Ban-Soui; Luang-Prabang)
Lethe confusa confusa ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 64, pl.83, figs.1,♂,2,♂(Un),3,♀,4,♀(Un). (Luang Prabang; Nam Moh)
Lethe confusa confusa ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 210, pl.91, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Phong Saly; Vang Vieng)
Lethe confusa confusa ; Uémura,2003 : 4, fig.24,map. (Phong Saly; Oudomxay; Xiang Khoung; Vang Vieng; Lak Sao)
Lethe confusa confusa ; Uémura,2006 : 3, fig.11,map. (Xam Neua; Phon Savan; Nong Het; Nha Hin Pass; Nam Kata; Ban Namnian; Nak Hai to Lak Sao)
Lethe confusa confusa ; Uémura,2007 : 2, fig.5,map. (Nakhai to Lak Sao)
Lethe confusa confusa ; Onodera,2009b : 35-36. (Xieng Kouang: Muang Kham)
Lethe confusa confusa ; Uémura,2011 : 2. (C: Nakhai to Lak Sao)
Lethe confusa confusa ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 48.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Lethe confusa confusa ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 128. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Lethe rohria apara ; Fruhstorfer,1911 : 315. (Tonkin)
Lethe apara ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1919 : 222. (Tonkin)
Lethe rohria f.godana ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 28. (Annam: Muong-Sen)
Lethe rohria ; Lemee,1950 : 7. (Hagiang; Sontay)
Lethe rohria apara ; Metaye,1957 : 102. (N)
Lethe rohria godana ; Metaye,1957 : 102. (C)
Lethe confusa confusa ; Luong et al.,2004 : 4, 46, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Lethe confusa confusa ; Ikeda et al.,1999 : 53, figs.4:12,♀,13,♂,14,♂(Un), fig.9:21(♂,genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Lethe confusa confusa ; Monastyrskii,2005 : 55-56, pl.13, figs.3a♂,3b♂(Un). (N: Muong Nhe; Na Hang; Tam Dao; Ba Be; Ba Vi; Cuc Phuong / C: Pu Hoat; Ben En; Ngoc Linh; Pu Mat; Kon Cha Rang; Kon Ka Kinh; Bi Doup; Bao Lam)
Lethe confusa confusa ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006c : 31, figs.S-14,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Gung Re)
Lethe confusa confusa ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 22. (N / C)
Lethe confusa confusa ; Yokochi et al.,2015 : 40. (Khanh Hoa: Hon Ba)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 3♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Rai : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 7♂ 2♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lamphun : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 2♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Loei : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 4♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchaburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 3♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Houaphan : 1♂ 1♀ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Oudomxai : 1♂ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lam Dong : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is common in montane forest at low to high elevations (alt.450m - 1800m). Males are territorial on shrubs.


Literature

Aurivillius, C.,[1898] : Bemerkungen zu den von J. Chr. Fabricius aus danischen sammlungen beschriebenen lepidopteren.
Ent. Tidskr. 18:139-174.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1911 : 4. Familie: Satyridae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9
313-320. (25.Apr.1911)


Lethe confusa confusa ♂ Lethe confusa confusa ♂
♂, Phrae, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Lethe confusa confusa ♂ Lethe confusa confusa ♂
♂ (territorial behavior), Lamphun, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1998.12.10 - 2022.02.28.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.