Elymnias esaca esaca  (Westwood, 1851)

ON : Melanitis esaca Westwood, 1851
OD : in Doubleday, Gen. diurn. Lep. (2):405.
TL : 'East Indies' [Malacca].
Distribution : P.Thailand (Yala), W.Malaysia, {Singapore}.
● ssp.andersonii
Elymnias esaca esaca map


Elymnias godferyi Distant, 1883 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)12:351. TL. Malay Peninsula, Sungei Ujong.
Dyctis esacoides Nicéville, [1893] : J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 7(3):323-352, pl.H, fig.2,♂. TL. Perak, Malay Peninsula. (♂, NZC)

Type Material Information

esacoides ; ♂ Type, Perak. (NZC) ; Sheela et al.,2019 : 193, figs.♂,♂(Un).

Records taken from Literature

Elymnias esaca andersonii ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 238, pl.91, figs.S15,♂,♂(Un). (Than To) (in part)
Elymnias esaca andersonii ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 238, pl.91, figs.N51,♂,♂(Un). (Than To) (in part)
Elymnias esaca andersonii ; Wei et al.,2017 ; 91, fig.1, N♂ (Yala, Than To)
Elymnias esaca esaca ; Wei et al.,2017 ; 92, fig.2, C♂ (Yala, Than To)

Specimens Examined

Yala : 1♀ (photo by S.Atdhabhan).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


The butterfly is rather localized and hitherto has been known only from Yala, P.Thailand. It is uncommon in montane forest at low elevations (Alt.450m).


Westwood, J.O.,1850-1852 : In Doubleday et al., The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera.
vol.2 : ii + pp.251-534, pls.31-80,54. London, Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans.

Distant, W.L.,1883 : Contributions to a Knowledge of Malayan Entomology. Part II.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)12:351-353.

Nicéville, L. de.,[1893] : On new and little-known Butterflies from the Indo-Malayan Region.
J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 7(3):322-357, pls.H,I,J.

Wei, C.H., Lohman, D., Peggie, D. & Yen, S.H.,2017 : An illustrated checklist of the genus Elymnias Hübner,1818 (Nymphalidae, Satyrinae).
Zookeys 676:47-152.

Elymnias esaca esaca ♀
♀, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan)

2013.01.31 - 2022.01.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.