Zemeros flegyas allica  (Fabricius,1787)

Zemeros flegyas allica ♂ Up. Zemeros flegyas allica ♂ Un. Zemeros flegyas allica ♀ Up. Zemeros flegyas allica ♀ Un.
♂ (wsf), Nan, Thailand. ♀ (wsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Zemeros flegyas allica ♂ Up. Zemeros flegyas allica ♂ Un. Zemeros flegyas allica ♀ Up. Zemeros flegyas allica ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Nan, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Zemeros flegyas allica ♂ Up. Zemeros flegyas allica ♂ Un. Zemeros flegyas allica ♀ Up. Zemeros flegyas allica ♀ Un.
♂ (wsf), Ranong, Thailand. ♀ (wsf), Ranong, Thailand.
Zemeros flegyas allica ♂ Up. Zemeros flegyas allica ♂ Un. Zemeros flegyas allica ♀ Up. Zemeros flegyas allica ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Surat Thani, Thailand. ♀ (wsf), Satun, Thailand.

ON : Papilio allica Fabricius,1787
OD : Mantissa Ins. 2:52.
TL : "Siam" [Pulau Salang (Phuket)] (ZMC)
Distribution : Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Langkawi.

● ssp.allica
ssp.flegyas
ssp.albipunctatus
Zemeros flegyas map

Synonym

Zemeros phlegyas allica dry-season form pullus Talbot,1936 : Entomologist 69:58. TL. N.Siam. (NHML)


Type Material Information

allica ; Type, 367, det. R.I.Vane-Wright.1977. (ZMC, photo examined.)
"allica" [albipunctatus] ; Type, 369, det. R.I.Vane-Wright.1977. (ZMC, photo examined.)
pullus ; 1♂, Type, Doi Suthep, Chieng-mai. 1933.Dec.27. D.M.Davidson (NHML)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Zemeros flegyas allica ; Fruhstorfer,1914 : 773. (Siam)
Zemeros flegyas ; Godfrey,1916 : 134. (Prae: Me Song forest; Chanthaburi)
Zemeros flegyas allica ; Godfrey,1927 : 124. (N)
Zemeros flegyas allica ; Godfrey,1930 : 305. (except P)
Zemeros phlegyas [sic] allica dry-season form pullus  Talbot,1936 : 58. (Chiang Mai: Doi Suthep; W: Upper Mekong)
Zemeros flegyas allica f.pullus ; Davidson & Macbeth,1938 : 77-78. (Chiang Mai: Doi Suthep; W: Upper Mekong)
Zemeros flegyas allica ; Pinratana,1988 : 40, pl.36, figs.1a♂,♀,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai; Chaiyaphum; Nakhon Nayok; Chanthaburi; Ranong; Trang)
Zemeros flegyas flegyas ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 65, fig.58,♂. (Umphang: Tha-Sai)
Zemeros flegyas allica ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 504, pl.226, figs.R1a♂,♂(Un),♀[♂],♀(Un)[♂(Un)],♀,♀(Un). (Doi Inthanon)
Zemeros flegyas allica ; Les Day,2011- : Samui Butterflies, fig.♂,♂(Un). (Koh Samui) (accessed: 2021.08.05)
Zemeros flegyas allica ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 516, pl.231, figs.L1a♂,♂(Un),♀♀(Un),♀[♂],♀[♂](Un). (Doi Inthanon; Nakhon Nayok)
Zemeros flegyas allica ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 16, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok; Doi Ang Kang; Doi Chiang Dao; Chiang Dao; Doi Phui; Doi Suthep; Doi Inthanon; Nam Nao; Phu Kradung; Phu Khiewo; Nakhon Nayok; Kao Yai; Kao Soi Dao; Kratchin WF; Pliewn WF; Doi Musso; Tenasserim; Ranong Hot Spring; Kam Puan; Muang Shone; Khlong Naka; Kao Luang; Ka Chong; Satun)
Zemeros flegyas allica ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs, Early Stages. (Nan; Sa Kaeo; Chanthaburi; Trang) (accessed: 2021.08.05)

[ LAOS ]
Zemeros flegyas allica ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 67, pl.96, figs.1,♂,2,♂(Un). (Tha Ngone; Vang Vieng; Luang Prabang)
Zemeros flegyas flegyas ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 ; 213, pl.103, fig.♂. (Xam Neua)
Zemeros flegyas flegyas ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 45. (Namdhua; Nhahin)
Zemeros flegyas flegyas ; Onodera,2009b : 36,37,38. (Xieng Kouang: Muang Kham; Nam Noen; Houaphan: Phu Phan)
Zemeros flegyas allica ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 50.


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 6♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 20♂ 4♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 4♂ 1♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 11♂ 2♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Loei : 4♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kamphaeng Phet : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 2♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 2♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sa Kaeo : 3♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 2♂ 3♀ (incl.photo by E.Ikari).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 8♂ 6♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Si Thammarat : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Satun (Koh Tarutao) : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is very common in forest at low to high elevations (alt.10m - 1800m).
Corbet,1941 assumed the type locality of allica as "Siam, Pulau Salang" [Phuket]. According to document of type material of Fabricius in Zoological Museum, Copenhagen, there are three type materials. I examined two photos of them. One is definitely allica, however another type seems to be albipunctatus. Taxon albipunctatus is only found in Yala, southernmost part of Thailand and southward, never found in Phuket area. Thus, this specimen is considered to be from the Malay Peninsula. The distribution and classification of this taxon and nominotypical subspecies in the continent region is still unclear. Further study is needed.

Literature

Fabricius, J.C.,1787 : Mantissa Insectorum sistens eorum species nuper detectas adiectis characteribus genericis,
differentiis specificis, emendationibus, observationibus.
Copenhagen, Christ. Gottl. Proft 8vo 1:xx+348pp ; 2:[2]+382pp

Talbot, G.,1936 : Notes upon some butterflies from Siam, with descriptions of new races and forms (Lep. Rhopalocera).
Entomologist 69:56-60.

Corbet, A.S.,1941 : Observations on Certain of the Fabrician Names onf Indo-Australian Rhopalocera (Lepid.)
Proc. R. ent. Soc. Lond. (B)10(6):98-106.

Zemeros flegyas allica ♂ Zemeros flegyas allica ♂
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Lampang, Thailand.
Zemeros flegyas allica ♀ Zemeros flegyas allica ♂
♀, Sa Kaeo, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Zemeros flegyas allica ♀ Zemeros flegyas allica ♀
♀ Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand.

Y.Inayoshi & K.Saito, 2009.07.31 - 2021.08.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.