Pareronia anais anais   (Lesson,1837)

anais ♂ Up. anais ♂ Un. anais ♀ Up. anais ♀ Un.
♂, 1984.02.04. Bangkok, Thonburi, Thailand. ♀, 1983.03.30. Sai Yok Noi, Kanchanaburi, Thailand.
anais ♂ Up. anais ♂ Un. anais ♀ Up. anais ♀ Un.
♂, 1991.10.30. Ban Ten Doi, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♀, 1989.12.11. Mae Hom, Lampang, Thailand.

ON : * Danais anais  Lesson,1837
OD : Voy. Thet. : 343, pl.44, fig.2.
TL : Langkawi, Malaysia.



Distribution :
India to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam,
Langkawi, W.Malaysia. (Kedawi).
anais map

Synonyms

Papilio philomela  Fabricius,1793 : Ent. syst. 3(1):57-58.  TL. "Indiis" [Pulau Salang] (homonym)
Nepheronia hippia ♀ab.livilla  Fruhstorfer,1902 : Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 15:300.  TL. Insel Bay Miu, S.Annam. (BMNH)
Nepheronia valeria persides  Fruhstorfer,1903 : Berl. ent. Z. 48(1/2):98.  TL. Than-Moi, Nord-Tonkin. (BMNH)
Pareronia anais ♀-f.lutea  Eliot,1978 : Butts. Malay Penin. (3rd.ed.):467.  (replacement for philomela).


Type Materials Information

livilla ; ♀, Type (red), Ins. bay Miu. Januar. H.Fruhstorfer. (BMNH. examined.)
persides ; ♀, Type (red), Than Moi, Tonkin. Juni-Juli. (BMNH. examined.)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Pareronia valeria hippia ; Fruhstorfer,1910 : 178. (Siam)
Pareronia valeria hippia ; Godfrey,1916 : 116. (East: Pak Jong)
Pareronia valeria hippia ; Godfrey,1927 : 120. (North)
Pareronia valeria hippia ; Godfrey,1930 : 231. (all over)
Pareronia persides ♀f.livilla ; Davidson & Macbeth,1938 : 71. (Lampang)
Pareronia valeria lutescens ; Reeves,1966 : 12. (Nakhon Nayok: Khao Yai)
Pareronia anais ; Pinratana,1983 : 23, pl.18, fig.40,♂,♀,♀(f.lutea). (Bangkok / Chachoengsao / Chaiyaphum / Chiang Mai / Chonburi / Loei / Mae Hong Song / Phetchabun / Kanchanaburi / Nakhon Nayok / Nakhon Ratchasima / Nakhon Sri Thammarat / Petchaburi / Nonthaburi / Ranong / Ratchaburi / Sakon Nakhon / Saraburi / Satun / Sukhothai / Trang / Uthai Thani / Lop Buri)
Pareronia anais anais ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 252, fig.52♂. (Mukdahan: Phu Pha Thaep ; Phu Sa Duak Bua ; Phu Pha Phung ; Phu Mu)
Pareronia anais anais ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 18. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram ; Phu Huay Sing ; Ban Na Lak ; Ban Gok Tum / Ubon Ratchathani: Kaeng E-Keow)
Pareronia anais anais ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 46. (Mukdahan: Nam Tok Tad Ton / Ubon Ratchathani: Nam Tok Soi Sawan ; Phu Chong Na Yoi ; Phu Pung ; Don Far Huan)
Pareronia anais anais ; Katsuyama et al.,2006 : 46, fig.38♂. (Nan: Ban Nam Poon)
Pareronia anais anais ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 162, pl.53, fig.Pi43,♂,♀(f.anais),♀(f.anais),♀(f.lutea),♀(f.lutea,Un),♀(f.lutea). (Bangkok / Kanchanaburi / Khao Khieo / Ratchaburi / Chiang Mai: Doi Pui)
Pareronia anais anais ; Les Day,2011- : Samui Butterflies, fig.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀,♀(Un). (Koh Samui)
Pareronia anais anais ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 152, fig.♂,♂(Un), f.anais♀,♀(Un), f.lutea♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao / Thung Saleng Luang / Phu Khiewo / Wan Nam Khiewo / Wang Keo / Kao Chamaoh / Kao Soi Dao / Sai York Noi / Erawan WF / Kuwai Yai / Kanchanaburi / Ratchaburi / Kaeng Krachan)

[ LAOS ]
Pareronia philomela ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1919 : 220. (Laos)
Pareronia anais anais ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 50, pl.25, figs.5♂,6♂(Un),7♀,8♀(Un). (Tha Ngone / Vientiane / Luang Prabang / Ban Houei Sai / Nam Ngum Dam)
Pareronia anais anais ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 202, pl.39, figs.♂,♀,♀. (Thakhek / Nhahin)
Pareronia anais anais ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 39. (Namdhua / Thakhek)
Pareronia anais anais ; Onodera,2009b : 34-35,42. (Vientiane: Namsong Riverside / Bolikhamxai: Nahin)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Pareronia anais ; Onodera,2007 : 22,24,25,26,27, figs.13♂,14♀. (Rattanakiri: Poy; Ou Chum / Siem Reap: Phnum Kuhlen)

[ VIETNAM ]
Pareronia persides ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1919 : 220. (Tonkin)
Pareronia persides ; Lemee,1950 : 63. (Saigon)
Pareronia valeria persides ; Metaye,1957 : 87. (North / Central / South)
Pareronia valeria persides f.♀livilla ; Metaye,1957 : 87. (North / Central / South)
Pareronia anais ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 39. (Thua Thien Hue: Bach Ma)
Pareronia anais anais ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 14, figs.Pi-23♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri ; Dai Duc Me ; Madagui / Dong Nai: Thac Mai / Bin Thuan: Dong Tien)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
 Mae Hong Son, Ban Huai Pung.       1993.02.09   1♂       P.Sukkit (YI)
 Mae Hong Son, Ban Na Plachat.      1984.03.12   2♂       Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Mae Hong Son, Ban Ten Doi.         1991.10.30   2♂       Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Mae Hong Son, Mae Hong Son.        1993.01.25   1♂       P.Sukkit (YI)
 Mae Hong Son, Mae Hong Son.        1991.11.14   1♂       Local Catcher (YI)
 Mae Hong Son, Pai.                 1992.11.13   1♂ 2♀   P.Sukkit (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Chiang Dao.            1983.02.06   1♂       Local Catcher (YI)
 Lampang, Mae Hom.                  1989.12.11       2♀   Local Catcher (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.                  1994.03.09   1♂       Local Catcher (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.                  1993.10.20   1♂       Local Catcher (YI)
 Kanchanaburi, Sai Yok Noi.         1984.03.19   2♂       Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Kanchanaburi, Sai Yok Noi.         1984.03.20   2♂       Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Kanchanaburi, Sai Yok Noi.         1983.03.30       1♀   Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.         1983.01.15   1♂       Local Catcher (YI)
 Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.         1984.03.05   3♂       Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.         1982.11.22   1♂       Local Catcher (YI)
 Thonburi, Bangkok.                 1984.02.04   1♂       Y.Shiraishi (YI)
 Nakhon Sri Thammarat, Ka Rom WF.   1992.03.13   1♂       Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Satun, Ko Tarutao.                 1987.03.15   1♂       Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Yala, Than To.                     1987.03.22   1♂       Y.Inayoshi (YI)

[ LAOS ]
 Xiang Khouang, Muang Phon Savan.   1993.06.26   2♂       P.Sukkit (YI)
 Cham Pasak, Paksong.               1996.03.25   1♂       Y.Inayoshi (YI)

[ VIETNAM ]
 Lam Dong, Dambri.                  2003.01.02       1♀   K.Saito (KS)
 Lam Dong, Dambri.                  2003.09.15   1♂       K.Saito (KS)
 Lam Dong, Dambri.                  2003.09.18   1♂       K.Saito (KS)
 Lam Dong, Madagui.                 2006.10.03   1♂       K.Saito (KS)
 Dong Nai, Thac Mai.                2006.01.03   2♂       K.Saito (KS)
 Dong Nai, Thac Mai.                2006.10.02   1♂ 1♀   K.Saito (KS)
 Bin Thuan, Dong Tien.              2006.10.07   1♂       K.Saito (KS)

Notes
Literature

Fabricius, J.C.,1793 : Entomologia systematica emedata et aucta. secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus.
3(1): [iv] + 488 pp. Copenhagen. C.G.Proft.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1902 :
Verzeichniss der in Tonkin, Annam und Siam gesammelten Pieriden und Besprechung verwandter Formen.
Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 15:269-305.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1903 : Neue Pieriden und Uebersicht verwandter Formen.
Berl. ent. Z. 48(1/2):97-111.

Cobert, A.S. & H.M. Pendlebury, (Revised by Eliot, J.N.) 1978
The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula, 3rd Edition.
577 pp, 438 figs, 35 pl. (29 in col.) Malayan Nature Society.

1996.10.31 - 2012.08.31.