Appias albina darada   (Felder & Felder,[1865])

albina darada ♂ Up. albina darada ♂ Un. albina darada ♀ Up. albina darada ♀ Un.
♂, 1984.03.07. Khao Soi Dao, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀, 1988.03.13. Doi Suthep, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
albina darada ♀ Up. albina darada ♀ Un. albina darada ♀ Up. albina darada ♀ Un.
♀, 10.30. Ban Ten Doi, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♀, 1983.05.22. Khao Soi Dao, Chanthaburi, Thailand.

ON : Pieris darada  Felder & Felder,[1865]
OD : Reise Fregatte Novara, Lep. Rhop. (2):166.
TL : India septentrionalis. (Silhet.)



Distribution :
Sikkim to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Hainan, 
W.China, Andamans, Nicobars.
albina darada map

Synonyms

Appias albina confusa  Fruhstorfer,1910 : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde. 9:154, pl.60d.  TL. Sikkim ; Assam ; Siam ; Tonkin.
Appias albina confusa ♀f.principalis  Fruhstorfer,1910 : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde. 9:154.
Appias albina confusa ♀f.semiflava  Fruhstorfer,1910 : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde. 9:154.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Appias albina confusa ; Fruhstorfer,1910 : 154. (Siam)
Appias albina confusa ; Godfrey,1916 : 115.
Appias albina darada ; Godfrey,1930 : 227. (all over)
Appias albina darada ; Godfrey,1931 : 192. (Ko Tao)
Appias albina darada ; Godfrey,1932a : 265. (Peninsular)
Appias albina albina; Reeves,1966 : 11. (Nakhon Nayok: Khao Yai)
Appias albina albina ; Reeves,1967a : 121. (Nakhon Nayok: Khao Yai)
Appias albina f.semiflava ; Reeves,1967a : 121. (Nakhon Nayok: Khao Yai)
Appias albina darada ; Pinratana,1983 : 17, pl.14, fig.29 ; pl.24, fig.29,♂,♀(dsf),♀(wsf). (Chiang Mai / Chanthaburi / Chaiyaphum / Chonburi / Kanchanaburi / Khon kaen / Loei / Nan / Nakhon Nayok / Nonthaburi / Nakhon Ratchasima / Petchaburi / Saraburi / Nakhon Sri Thammarat / Prachuap Khiri Khan / Trang / Satun / Yala)
Appias albina darada ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 252, fig.49♂. (Mukdahan: Phu Sa Duak Bua)
Appias paulina adamsoni ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 252, [fig.50♀, as Appias paulina]. (Mukdahan: Phu Sa Duak Bua ; Phu Mu ; Phu Pha Thaep ; Phu Shang)
Appias albina darada ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 18. (Mukdahan: Ban Gok Tum)
Appias albina darada ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 46. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram ; Phu Huai Sing / Ubon Ratchathani: Nam Tok Soi Sawan ; Phu Pung)
Appias albina darada ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 150, pl.47, fig.Pi31a,♂,♀,♀(Un),[♀,♀,♀(Un),Appias paulina]. (Nakhon Ratchasima: Khao Yai / Chiang Mai: Doi Pui ; Chiang Dao ; Doi Inthanon)
Appias albina albina ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 150, pl.48, fig.Pi31b,♂,♀(dsf),♀(dsf,Un),♀(wsf),♀(wsf,Un). (Yala: Than To)
Appias albina darada ; Les Day,2011- : Samui Butterflies, fig.♂(Un),♀(Un). (Koh Samui)
Appias albina darada ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 157, fig.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao / Doi Suthep / Phu Kradung / Phu Khiewo / Kao Yai / Sarika ? Nakohn Nayok / Wam Nam Khiewo / Bang Phra / Kao Khiewo / Wang Kheo / Kao Camaoh / Kratching WF / Kao Soi Dao / Tariew / Sai York Noi / Erawan WF / Kaeng Krachan / Ka Chong / Thaleban / Than To WF)
Appias albina albina ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 157.

[ LAOS ]
Appias albina f.confusa ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1921 : 21. (Giranville ; Ban Sai, etc.)
Appias albina f.principalis ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1921 : 21. (Laos)
Appias albina f.semiflava ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1921 : 21. (Laos)
Appias albina darada ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 50, pl.22, figs.1♂,2♂(Un),3♀,4♀(Un). (Nam Khane / Vientiane / Tha Ngone / Luang Prabang / Nam Ngum Dam)
Appias albina darada ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 202, pl.34, figs.♂,♀,♀,♀(Un),♀(Un),♀(Un). (Vang Vieng / Xam Neua / Lak Sao)
Appias albina darada ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 39. (Namdhua / Thakhek)

[ VIETNAM ]
Appias albina confusa ; Fruhstorfer,1910 : 154. (Tonkin)
Appias albina confusa ; Godfrey,1919 : 465. (South: Daban)
Appias albina f.confusa ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1921 : 21. (Tonkin: Hagiang)
Appias albina f.principalis ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1921 : 21. (Tonkin)
Appias albina f.semiflava ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1921 : 21. (Tonkin)
Appias albina ; Lemee,1950 : 5. (Backan / Hanoi)
Appias albina confusa ; Metaye,1957 : 86. (North)
Appias albina confusa f.♀principalis ; Metaye,1957 : 86. (North)
Appias albina confusa f.♀semiflava ; Metaye,1957 : 86. (North)
Appias albina darada ; Ikeda et al.,1998 : 19, figs.7:12♂(wsf),13♀(dsf),14♀(Un,wsf),15♀(Un,wsf),11:38(♂genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Appias albina ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 38. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi; Huong Thuy; Phong Dien; Bach Ma)
Appias albina darada ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 11, figs.Pi-13♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri ; Madagui / Dong Nai: Thac Mai / Bin Thuan: Dong Tien ; Ta Cu / Ho Chi Minh)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
 Mae Hong Son, Ban Na Plachat.     1984.03.11   2♂        Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Mae Hong Son, Ban Ten Doi.        1991.10.30   1♂ 1♀    Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.           1988.03.01   1♂        Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.           1988.03.13       1♀    Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.           1987.04.06   1♂        Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.           1987.04.29   1♂        Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Tak, Umphang.                     1994.03.23   1♂        Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Kanchanaburi, Sai Yok Noi.        1984.03.19   1♂        Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Kanchanaburi, Sai Yok Noi.        1984.03.20   2♂        Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.        1983.02.06       2♀    Local Catcher (YI)
 Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.        1984.03.07   2♂        Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.        1983.03.25   2♂        Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.        1983.05.17   2♂        Local Catcher (YI)
 Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.        1983.05.18   1♂ 4♀    Local Catcher (YI)
 Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.        1983.05.22       3♀    Local Catcher (YI)
 Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.        1983.05.23       1♀    Local Catcher (YI)
 Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.        1983.05.24       1♀    Local Catcher (YI)
 Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.        1983.05.25       1♀    Local Catcher (YI)
 Phetchaburi, Kaeng Kra Chan.      1993.03.23   1♂        P.Sukkit (YI)
 Ranong, Kampuan.                  1993.11.30   1♂        S.Ruangrit (YI)
 Ranong, Muang Chone.              1994.12.20       1♀    S.Ruangrit (YI)
 Ranong, Muang Chone.              1994.12.23   1♂        S.Ruangrit (YI)
 Ranong, Muang Chone.              1994.12.25   1♂        S.Ruangrit (YI)
 Nakhon Sri Thammarat, Ka Rom WF.  1992.03.12   1♂        Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Satun, Ko Tarutao.                1987.03.17   1♂        Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Yala, Than To.                    1987.03.22   1♂        Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Yala, Than To.                    1987.03.23   1♂        Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Yala, Than To.                    1987.03.24   2♂        Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Yala, Than To.                    1992.03.16   1♂        Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Yala, Than To.                    1992.03.16       1♀    S.Ruangrit (YI)

[ LAOS ]
 Vientiane, Tadlhek Waterfall.     1996.04.02   1♂        Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Cham Pasak, Paksong.              1996.03.25   1♂        Y.Inayoshi (YI)

[ VIETNAM ]
 Lam Dong, Dambri.                 2003.01.01   1♂        K.Saito (KS)
 Dong Nai, Thac Mai.               2006.10.02   1♂        K.Saito (KS)
 Bin Thuan, Dong Tien.             2006.10.08   1♂        K.Saito (KS)

Notes
Literature

Felder, C. & R. Felder,1865-1875 :
Rhopalocera. In Reise der Osterreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen Commodore B. von Wullerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Zweiter Band:
Abtheilung. Wien : vi + 548 + [1] pp in 5 parts, 140 pls.

Appias albina darada ♂ Appias albina darada ♂
♂, 2012.Mar. Phetchabun, Thailand. ( photo by P.Sukkit )

1996.10.31 - 2012.08.31.