Graphium antiphates antiphates  (Cramer, 1775)

ON : Papilio antiphates Cramer, 1775
OD : Uitl. Kapellen 1(1-7):113, pl.72, figs.A♂, B♂(Un).
TL : "China" [Guangdong, S.China].
Distribution : N.Vietnam (Ha Giang), S.E.China.
● ssp.nebulosus
transition zone of nebulosus and alcibiades
Graphium antiphates antiphates Map


Papilio pompilius Fabricius, 1787 : Mantissa Ins. 2:8. TL. 'India' [loc. err. = S.E.China]. (University of Glasgow, UK.)
Pathysa albescens Chou, Yuan & Wang, 2000 : Entomotaxomomia 22(4):268, 274, figs.19(HT,♂),20(HT,♂Un). TL. Quanzhou, Fujian. (Entomological Museum, NWAFU, China)

Type Material Information

pompilius ; Syntypes, 2♂. (University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK. photo examined.)
albescens ; Holotype ♂, Quanzhou, Fujian. H.Bingwen. (Entomological Museum, NWAFU, China)

Records taken from Literature

Papilio antiphates ; Joannis,1901 : 334. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Papilio antiphates antiphates ; Fruhstorfer,1903 : 194-199. (Tonkin)
Papilio antiphates antiphates ; Jordan,1909 : 89. (Tonkin)
Papilio antiphates f. itamputi ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 14. (Tonkin: Hagiang)
Papilio antiphates ; Lemée,1950 : 4. (Hagiang; Sontay)
Papilio antiphates antiphates ; Metaye,1957 : 83. (N) (in part)
Arisbe antiphates antiphates ; Page,2020 : 188-189. (N: Ha Giang)


The populations from Ha Giang and Cao Bang in N.Vietnam are considered to be the nominotypical subspecies.
In their study (Hu et al. 2023:19), the taxon linga from Hainan was proposed as a synonym of this taxon. However, I reserve this classification until a comprehensive comparison has been conducted.


Cramer, P.,1775-1776 :
Uitlandsche Kapellen. voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America, by een verzameld en bescreeven.
Amsterdam. Baalde, and Utrecht, Wild. 1(1-7):xxx + 16 + 132pp, pl.1-84, (1775) ; 1(8):133-156, pl.85-96, (1776).

Fabricius, J.C.,1787 : Mantissa Insectorum sistens eorum species nuper detectas adiectis characteribus genericis,
differentiis specificis, emendationibus, observationibus.
Copenhagen, Christ. Gottl. Proft 8vo 1:xx+348pp ; 2:[2]+382pp

Fruhstorfer, H.,1903 :
Verzeichnis der in Tonkin, Annam und Siam gesammelten Papilioniden und Besprechung verwandter Formen.
Berl. ent. Z. 47(3/4):167-234.

Jordan, K.,1909 : Die Indo-Australische Tagfalter. Papilionidae in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde

Chou, I., Yuan, F. & Wang, Y.I.,2000 : New species, New subspecies, and New record of Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) from China (II)
Entomotaxomomia 22(4):266-274.

Cotton, A.M., Robinson, J. & Inayoshi, Y.,2019 : Taxonomic implications resulting from examination of the syntypes of Papilio pompilius Fabricius, 1787 (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae)
Butterflies 81:48-55.

Page, M.G.P.,2020 : Notes on Arisbe (Pathysa) antiphates (Cramer, 1775) (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) and its allies
Nachr. ent. Ver. Apollo, N.F. 40(3/4):187-202.

Hu, S.J, Cotton, A.M., Lamas, G, Duan, K. & Zhang, X.,2023 : Checklist of Yunnan Papilionidae (Lepidoptera: Papilionidea) with nomenclatural notes and descriptions of new subspecies
Zootaxa 5362(1):001-069.

2014.07.19 - 2023.11.30.