Graphium megarus megapenthes   (Fruhstorfer,1902)

Graphium megarus megapenthes ♂ Up. Graphium megarus megapenthes ♂ Un. Graphium megarus megapenthes ♀ Up. Graphium megarus megapenthes ♀ Un.
♂, 1993.03.05. Phu Phan, Sakhon Nakhon, Thailand. ♀, 1992.03.18. Than To, Yala, Thailand.
Graphium megarus megapenthes ♂ Up. Graphium megarus megapenthes ♂ Un. Graphium megarus megapenthes ♂ Up. Graphium megarus megapenthes ♂ Un.
♂, 1984.04.01. Khao Soi Dao, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♂, 1996.03.25. Ban Bangliang, Cham Pasak, Laos.
Graphium megarus megapenthes ♀ Up. Graphium megarus megapenthes ♀ Un.
♀, 2006.05.03. Thac Mai, Dong Nai, Vietnam.
( photo by K.Saito )

ON : Papilio meagrus (sic) megapenthes  Fruhstorfer,1902
OD : Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 15(1):161.
TL : S.Vietnam. (BMNH)



Distribution :
Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Hainan, China,
Langkawi, W.Malaysia (North), Sumatra.
megarus megapenthes Map

Synonyms

Papilio similis  Lathy,1899 : Entomologist 32:149.  TL. Perak. (homonym)
Papilio megarus mendicus  Fruhstorfer,1902 : Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 15(1):162.  TL. Muok-Lek ; Kanburi, Siam. (BMNH)
Papilio megarus martinus  Fruhstorfer,1902 : Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 15(1):162-163.  TL. Deli, Sumatra. (BMNH)


Type Materials Information

similis ; ♂, Type (red), #149408, Larut, Perak, Mal. H.Kunstler. (BMNH. examined.)
megapenthes ;
♂, Type (red), #149406, Xom-Gom, Sud-Annam, Februar. H.Fruhstorfer. (BMNH. examined.)
♀, Type (red), #149407, Xom-Gom, Sud-Annam, Februar. H.Fruhstorfer. (BMNH. examined.)
martinus ; ♂, Type, Deli, Sumatra. (BMNH. examined.)
mendicus ;
♂, Type (red), #149404, Muok-Lek, 1000', Siam, Januar. H.Fruhstofer. (BMNH. examined.)
[ ♀, Type (red), #149405, Hinlap, Siam, Januar. H.Fruhstofer. (BMNH. examined.) ]


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Papilio megarus mendicus ; Fruhstorfer,[1903] : 229-230. (Muok-Lek / Kanburi)
Papilio megarus similis ; Godfrey,1916 : 113.
Papilio megarus similis ; Godfrey,1927 : 120. (North)
Papilio megarus similis ; Godfrey,1930 : 220. (all over)
Papilio megarus similis ; Godfrey,1932a : 264. (Peninsula)
Graphium megarus megapenthes ; Pinratana,1977 : 62, fig.P54,♂,♂(Un). (all over)
Graphium megarus megapenthes ; Pinratana,1992 : 34,45, pl.62, fig.52,♂,♀. (Chaiyaphum / Chanthaburi / Phetchaburi / Songkhla / Trang)
Graphium megarus megapenthes ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 16, fig.39♂. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram ; Phu Huay Sing ; Ban Na Lak ; Ban Gok Tum / Ubon Ratchathani: Ban Na Pho Krang ; Kaeng Tana ; Nam Tok Soi Sawan ; Kaeng E-Keow ; Phu Hin Dang)
Graphium megarus megapenthes ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 46. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram ; Phu Mu)
Paranticopsis megarus megapenthes ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 116, pl.30, fig.P60,♂,♂(Un),♀. (Ranong)
Graphium megarus megapenthes ; Les Day,2011- : Samui Butterflies, fig.♂,♂(Un). (Koh Samui)
Graphium megarus megapenthes ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 136, fig.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Phu Khiewo / Sarika / Wan Nam Khiewo / Kao Soi Dao / Khao Khiwo / Sai York Noi / Kaeng Krachan / Ka Chong / Haadjai / Tarutao Is. / Than To WF)
Graphium megarus megapenthes ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 116, pl.30, fig.P57,♂,♂(Un),♀. (Ranong)

[ LAOS ]
Graphium megarus megapenthes ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 48, pl.13, figs.7♂,8♂(Un) ; pl.14, figs.1♀,2♀(Un). (Pakse / Luang Prabang / Tha Ngone)
Graphium megarus megapenthes ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 201, pl.25, figs.♂,♀,♀. (Thabok / Thateng)
Graphium megarus megapenthes ; Cotton & Racheli,[2007] : 308. (Thabok / Hinboun)
Graphium megarus megapenthes ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 ; 41.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Graphium megarus megapenthes ; Woodfield & Murton,2006 : fig.♀,♀(Un). (Botum Sakor NP.)
Graphium megarus ; Onodera,2008 : 59,figs.♂,♂(Un).
Graphium megarus ; Onodera,2009 : 65. (Siem Reap: Phnum Kulen)
Graphium megarus megapenthes ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 128. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio megarus megapenthes ; Fruhstorfer,[1903] : 229-230. (Tonkin: Than-Moi / S.Annam: Xom-Gom)
Papilio megarus similis ; Jordan,1908-1909 : 106. (Tonkin)
Papilio megarus similis ; Metaye,1957 : 84. (North)
Graphium megarus megapenthes ; Ikeda et al.,1998 : 17, figs.5:10♂, 10:19(♂genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Graphium megarus megapenthes ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2007c : 37, figs.Pa-41♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Madagui / Dong Nai: Thac Mai)
Graphium megarus ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 38. (Thua Thien Hue: Huong Thuy)
Graphium megarus megapenthes ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 88-89, pl.27, fig.3a♂,3b♂(Un),3c♂. (throughout the country)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Sakhon Nakhon, Phu Phan.
1993.03.05
2♂


M.Nishimura (MN)
Chaiyaphum.
2012.03.25
2♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Chaiyaphum.
2012.04.06
2♂


P.Sukkit (PS)
Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.
1983.01.22
1♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.
1983.02.17
1♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.
1983.02.18
1♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.
1983.02.22
2♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.
1983.02.23
2♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.
1983.02.24
1♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.
1984.04.01
1♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Yala, Than To.
1992.03.18


1♀
Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Yala, Than To.
1987.03.24
1♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)

[ LAOS ]
Thabok, Tad Leuk.
2005.02.26-03.11
11♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Thabok, Tad Leuk.
2005.03.21-03.30
4♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Thabok, Tad Leuk.
1996.04.02
1♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Thabok, Tad Xai.
2005.02.26-03.11
6♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Thabok, Tad Xai.
2005.03.21-03.30
29♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Hinboun, Koun Ngun.
2005.02.26-03.11


1♀
A.M.Cotton (AC)
Hinboun, Koun Kham.
2005.03.21-03.30
1♂
1♀
A.M.Cotton (AC)
Cham Pasak, Paksong.
1996.03.25
7♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)

[ VIETNAM ]
Dong Nai, Thac Mai.
2006.05.03


1♀
T.Saito (TS)


Notes
The type specimen of mendicus ♀ seems macareus indochinensis.

Literature

Lathy, P.I.,1899 :
Notes on the Indo-Australian Papilios in the collection of Mr. H.J.Adams, F.E.S., with descriptions of new species.
Entomologist 32:147-149.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1902 : Neue Papilio-Formen aus dem Indo-Malayischen Gebiet.
Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 15(1):161-168.

Graphium megarus megapenthes ♀
♀, Laos. ( photo by K.Phongpiyamit )

1996.10.08 - 2014.07.26.