Graphium chironides chironides   (Honrath,1884)

Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Up. Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Un. Graphium chironides chironides ♀ Up. Graphium chironides chironides ♀ Un.
♂, 1983.03.05. Doi Suthep, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, 1987.04.02. Doi Suthep, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Up. Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Un. Graphium chironides chironides ♀ Up. Graphium chironides chironides ♀ Un.
♂, 1983.04.06. Doi Suthep, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, 1995.06.21. Tamdao, Vinh Phuc, Vietnam.
Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Up. Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Un. Graphium chironides chironides ♀ Up. Graphium chironides chironides ♀ Un.
♂, 1987.04.16. Muang Chone, Ranong, Thailand. ♀, Muang Chone, Ranong, Thailand.
Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Up. Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Up. Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Up. Graphium chironides chironides ♂ genitalia
♂, 1993.12.25. Muang Chone, Ranong, Thailand. ♂, 1995.03.17. Umphang, Tak, Thailand. ♂, 1984.03.07. Khao Soi Dao, Chanthaburi, Thailand. Male Genitalia
Thailand ; Nan.
Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Up. Graphium chironides chironides ♂ Un.
♂, 2006.10.04. Loc Tan, Lam Dong, Vietnam.
( photo by K.Saito )

ON : Papilio chiron var.chironides  Honrath,1884
OD : Berl. ent. Z. 28:397, pl.10, fig.4.
TL : Darjeeling, Sikkim.



Distribution :
Nepal, India to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam.
Graphium chironides chironides Map

Synonyms

Papilio chiron  Wallace,1865 : Trans. linn. Soc. Lond. 25(1):66.  TL. Assam, Sylhet. (Homonym)
Papilio bathycles chiron f.vern.ligyra  Jordan,1909 : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde. 9:100. (Spring Form)


Type Material Information

ligyra ; ♂, Type (red), Sikkim, Marz.April. H.Fruhstorfer. (BMNH. examined.)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Papilio bathycles ; Godfrey,1916 : 112. (record from Bingham, Faun. Fr. Ind. Butts. 2:108)
Papilio bathycles chiron : Godfrey,1927 : 120. (North)
Papilio bathycles chiron : Godfrey,1930 : 218. (Prae / Chiang Rai / Chiang Mai / West: Me Lamoung)
Graphium bathycles chiron ; Pinratana,1977 : 58, fig.P47a,♂,♂(Un). (except Peninsular)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Pinratana,1992 : 36,46, pl.67, fig.59,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai / Chanthaburi / Kanchanaburi / Phetchaburi)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 120, pl.33, fig.P68a,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai / Kanchanaburi / Chanthaburi / Ranong)
[ Graphium chironides malayanum ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 120, pl.33, fig.P68b,♂,♂(Un). (Phang-nga / Than To) ]
Graphium chironides chironides ; Racheli & Cotton,2009 : 41. (Thailand)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 139, fig.♂,♂(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok / Doi Chiang Dao / Doi Suthep / Khun Lao Village / Maethro / Phu Khiewo / Kao Soi Dao / Thung Yai)
[ Graphium chironides malayanum ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 139. ]
Graphium chironides chironides ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 120, pl.33, fig.P65,♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai / Kanchanaburi / Chanthaburi / [Phangnga] / [Than To])

[ LAOS ]
Graphium chiron ssp. ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 47, pl.10, figs.3♂,4♂(Un). (Vang Vieng)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 201, pl.27, figs.♂(dsf),♂(dsf,Un),♂. (Lak Sao / Phong Saly)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Cotton & Racheli,[2007] : 310-311. (accross the country)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Racheli & Cotton,2009 : 41. (Laos)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Onodera,2009b : 41. (Khammouan: Nacay)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 ; 42.

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio bathycles chiron ; Fruhstorfer,[1903] : 207-208. (Tonkin: Chiem Hoa / Annam: Xom Gom)
Papilio bathycles chiron ; Jordan,1908-1909 : 100. (Tonkin ; Annam)
Papilio bathycles chiron f.vern.ligyra ; Metaye,1957 : 84. (North / Central / South)
Papilio bathycles chiron f.aest.chiron ; Metaye,1957 : 84. (North / Central / South)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Ikeda et al.,1998 : 17, figs.5:3♂, 9:16(♂genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Shinkai,1999 : 63. (North: Tam Dao / South: Bao Lac)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 10, fig.Pa-30♂. (Lam Dong: Dambri)
Graphium chironides ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 38. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 83-84, pl.26, fig.2a♂,2b♂(Un). (North: Tam Dao; Ba Be; Cuc Phuong / Central: Xuang Lien; Pu Mat; Vu Quang; Ke Bang; Bach Ma; Nam Dong; Ngoc Linh; Kon Cha Rang; Bao Loc / South: Cat Tien)
Graphium chironides chironides ; Racheli & Cotton,2009 : 41. (Vietnam)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son, Ban Huai Pung.
1993.02.10
1♂


P.Sukkit (YI)
Mae Hong Son, Ban Ten Doi.
1992.01.30
1♂


R.Phongpiyamit (YI)
Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.
1983.03.05
3♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.
1983.04.01
1♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.
1983.04.02
1♂
1♀
Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.
1983.04.04
7♂
1♀
Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.
1983.04.06
13♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Nan, Doi Phu Kha.
1991.04.--
1♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Tak, Umphang.
1994.03.19
1♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Tak, Umphang.
1994.06.17
1♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Chaiyaphum.
2012.03.25
1♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.
1984.03.07
6♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.
1987.09.23
1♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Ranong, Muang Chone.



1♀
P.Sukkit (PS)
Ranong, Muang Chone.
1993.12.25
1♂


S.Ruangrit (YI)
Ranong, Muang Chone.
1987.04.16
1♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)

[ LAOS ]
Lak Sao, Nam Phao.
2005.02.26-03.11
15♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Lak Sao, Nam Phao.
2005.03.21-03.30
6♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Lak Sao, Nam Phao.
2005.06.19
1♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Lak Sao, Nam Phao.
2005.07.29
3♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Thabok, Tad Xai.
2005.02.26-03.11
1♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Thabok, Tad Xai.
2005.03.21-03.30
10♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Thabok, Tad Xai.
2005.06.23
1♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Thabok, Tad Xai.
2005.08.09
1♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Hinboun, Koun Ngun.
2005.08.03
1♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)

[ VIETNAM ]
Vinh Phuc, Tamdao.
1995.06.21


1♀
M.Nishimura (MN)
Lam Dong, Loc Tan.
2006.10.04
5♂


K.Saito (KS)


Notes
Literature

Wallace, A.R.,1865 :
On the phenomena of variation and geographical distribution as illustrated bye the Papilionidae of the Malayan Region.
Trans. linn. Soc. Lond. 25(1):1-71, pls.1-8.

Honrath, E.G.,1884 : Beitrage zur Kenntniss der Rhopalocera.
Berl. ent. Z. 28:395-398, pl.10.

1996.10.08 - 2014.07.12.