Papilio bianor gladiator   Fruhstorfer,[1902]

Papilio bianor gladiator ♂ Up. Papilio bianor gladiator ♂ Un. Papilio bianor gladiator ♂ Up. Papilio bianor gladiator ♂ Up.
♂, 1989.10.30. Doi Pee Ban Nam, Xaignabouli, Laos. ♂, 1991.03.--. Doi Phu Kha, Nan, Thailand. ♂, 1993.03.--. Doi Phu Kha, Nan, Thailand.
Papilio bianor gladiator ♂ Up. Papilio bianor gladiator ♂ Un. Papilio bianor gladiator ♀ Up. Papilio bianor gladiator ♀ Un.
♂, 1991.07.--. Doi Phu Kha, Nan, Thailand. ♀, 1990.10.--. Doi Phu Kha, Nan, Thailand.
Papilio bianor gladiator ♂ Up. Papilio bianor gladiator ♂ Up. Papilio bianor gladiator ♂ Up. Papilio bianor gladiator ♀ Up.
♂, 1991.06.02. Doi Phu Kha, Nan, Thailand. ♂, 1991.06.--. Doi Phu Kha, Nan, Thailand. ♂, 1990.08.--. Doi Phu Kha, Nan, Thailand. ♀, 1990.07.--. Doi Phu Kha, Nan, Thailand.

ON : Papilio bianor gladiator  Fruhstorfer,[1902]
OD : Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 14(2):270-271.
TL : Chiem-Hoa, N.Vietnam. (BMNH)



Distribution :
Sikkim, Assam to N.Myanmar, N.Thailand, Laos, Cambodia,
Vietnam, S.China.
Papilio bianor gladiator Map

Synonyms

Papilio polyctor triumphator  Fruhstorfer,1902 : Soc. ent. 17(9):65.  TL. Sikkim.
Papilio polyctor titus  Fruhstorfer,1909 : Ent. Zeit. 22(41):167.  TL. Chiem-Hoa, Tonkin. (BMNH)
Papilio triumphator ab.mai  Tytler,1912 : J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 21(2):590.  TL. Naga Hills. (BMNH)
Papilio polyctor connecctens  Mell,1938 : Deut. ent. Zeit. 1938(2):320-321.  TL. Tali ; Chaochow, W.Yunnan. (homonym.)
Papilio polyctor kingtungensis  Lee,1962 : Acta ent. Sinica 11(2):139,144, pl.2, figs.3.5.  TL. Yunnan.
Papilio polyctor xiei  Chou,1994 : in Chou et al., Monographia Rhopalocerorum Sinensium :150,751.  TL. Yunnan.


Type Materials Information

gladiator ; ♂, Type (red), #149640, Chiem-Hoa, Central Tonkin. Aug.Sept. H.Fruhstorfer (BMNH. examined.)
titus ; ♂, Type (red), Chiem-Hoa, Central Tonkin, Aug.Sept. H.Fruhstorfer (BMNH. examined.)
mai ; ♂, Type HT (red), #149647, Naga Hills. Type selected by G.T.1941. (BMNH. examined.)
xiei ; Holotype ♂, Mengla, Yunnan. 1989.10.10. Xie Weimin.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Papilio polyctor ganesa ; Davidson & Macbeth,1938 : 68-69. (Chiengsen Dist.)
Papilio polyctor significans ; Nakano,1990 : 19, fig.3. [Misidentification] (Nan)
Papilio bianor gladiator ; Pinratana,1992 : 27,43, pl.47, fig.36,♂. (Nan)
Papilio bianor ganesa ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 94, pl.19, fig.P39,♂,♂(Un),♂[♀],♀. (Nan)
Papilio bianor ganesa ; Ek-Amnuay et al.,2007 : 6. (Nan / Chiang Mai: Doi Pha Hom Pok)
Papilio bianor gladiator ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 128, fig.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Phu Kha)
Papilio bianor gladiator ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 94, pl.19, fig.P36c,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀. (Nan: Doi Phu Kha / Chiang Mai: Doi Pha Hom Pok)

[ LAOS ]
Papilio bianor f.gladiator ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1914 : 150. (Thado)
Papilio bianor gladiator ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 47, pl.8, figs.3♂,4♂(Un). (Vang Vieng / Phatong / Nam Moh / Nam Ngum Dam)
Papilio polyctor triumphator ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 47, col.pl.11,♂ ; pl.8, figs.5♂,6♂(Un),7♂,8♂(Un). (Phatong / Nam Moh / Vang Vieng / Muong Kassy)
Papilio polyctor triumphator ; Masui & Uehara,1994 : 8, pl.2, fig.6♀. (Louang Namtha)
Papilio bianor ganesa ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 200, pl.16,figs.♂,♂,♀,♀ ; pl.17, figs.♂,♀,♂(dsf),♂(dsf,Un),♀(dsf). (Lak Sao)
Papilio bianor gladiator ; Cotton & Racheli,[2007] : 341-346. (Lak Sao / Thabok)
Papilio polyctor gladiator ; Onodera,2009b : 37,38. (Houaphan: Phu Phan)
Papilio polyctor gladiator ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 ; 41.

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio bianor ; Joannis,1901 : 333. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Papilio bianor gladiator ; Fruhstorfer,[1903] : 184-185. (Tonkin: Chiem-Hoa)
Papilio polyctor triumphator ; Fruhstorfer,[1903] : 185-186. (Tonkin: Chiem-Hoa)
Papilio bianor ab.gladiator ; Jordan,1908-1909 : 78. (Tonkin)
Papilio polyctor triumphator ; Jordan,1908-1909 : 79. (Tonkin)
Papilio polyctor f.triumphator ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1921 : 14. (Tonkin)
Papilio bianor f.gladiator ; Lemee,1950 : 4. (Hagiang)
Papilio bianor gladiator ; Metaye,1957 : 83. (North)
Papilio polyctor triumphator ; Metaye,1957 : 83. (North)
Papilio bianor triumphator ; Shinkai,1999 : 56. (North: Mt.Pia Oac ; Tam Dao)
Papilio bianor gladiator ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 67-69, pl.20, figs.a♂,b♂,c♂,d♀. (North: Hoang Lien; Than Moi; Ba Be; Dong Phuoc; Na Hang; Chiem Hoa; Tam Dao; Kim Hy / Central: Phu Hoat; Pu Mat; Vu Quong; Huong Son; Phong Nha/Ke Bang / South: Cochinchine)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Nan, Doi Phu Kha.
1991.03.--
2♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Nan, Doi Phu Kha.
1990.06.--
2♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Nan, Doi Phu Kha.
1991.06.--
3♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Nan, Doi Phu Kha.
1990.06.12
1♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Nan, Doi Phu Kha.
1990.07.--
1♂
1♀
Local Catcher (YI)
Nan, Doi Phu Kha.
1991.07.--
5♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Nan, Doi Phu Kha.
1991.07.02
1♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Nan, Doi Phu Kha.
1989.08.--
3♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Nan, Doi Phu Kha.
1990.08.--
1♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Nan, Doi Phu Kha.
1990.10.--


1♀
Local Catcher (YI)

[ LAOS ]
Xiang Khouang, Muang Phon Savan.
1993.06.25
1♂


P.Sukkit (YI)
Xaignabouri, Doi Pee Ban Nam.
1989.10.30
1♂


P.Sukkit (YI)
Lak Sao, Nam Phao.
2005.02.26-03.11
6♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Lak Sao, Nam Phao.
2005.03.21-03.30
3♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Lak Sao, Nam Phao.
2005.06.19
1♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Lak Sao, Nam Phao.
2005.07.29
5♂
2♀
A.M.Cotton (AC)
Thabok, Tad Leuk.
2005.02.26-03.11
5♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Thabok, Tad Xai.
2005.03.21-03.30
2♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Thabok, Tad Xai.
2005.08.08-08.10
10♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)


[ CAMBODIA ]
Phnom Penh.


2♂


(BMNH)

[ VIETNAM ]
Ha Tuyen, Chiem Hoa.


8♂
2♀
(BMNH)
Tonkin, Nam Ou.
1892.03.29-31
1♂


(BMNH)
Tonkin, Than Moi.


1♂


(BMNH)
Cochin China, Nacham.
1936.07.--
2♂


(BMNH)
Cochin China, Chapa.
1936.07.--
1♂


(BMNH)
Cochin China, Chapa.
1935.10.--


1♀
(BMNH)


Notes
Literature

Fruhstorfer, H.,[1902] : Neue und seltene Lepidopteren aus Annam und Tonkin und dem malayischen Archipel.
Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 14(2):265-276, pl.5.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1902 : Neue Papilioformen aus dem Indo-Australischen Gebiet.
Soc. ent. 17(9):65-66.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1909 : Lepidopterologisches Pele-Mele. XII. Neue Rhopaloceren von Formosa und den Nachbarlandern.
Ent. Zeit. 22(41):167.

Tytler, H.C.,1912 : Notes on some new and interesting Butterflies from Manipur and the Naga Hills. Part 2.
J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 21(2):588-606, pl.B.

Mell, R.E.,1938 : Beitrage zur Fauna Sinica. XVIII. Inventur und okologisches Material zu einer Biologie der Sudchinesischen Lepidopteren.
Deut. ent. Zeit. 1938(2):197-345.

Lee, C.L.,1962 : Some new species of Rhopalocera in China, II.
Acta ent. Sinica 11(2):139-158.

Chou, I. (ed.),1994 : Monographia Rhopalocerorum Sinensium.
2 vols., 854 pp. Henan Scientific and Technological Publishing House.

1996.11.04 - 2014.06.21.