Papilio alcmenor alcmenor   Felder & Felder,1865

Papilio alcmenor alcmenor ♂ Up. Papilio alcmenor alcmenor ♂ Un. Papilio alcmenor alcmenor ♀ Up. Papilio alcmenor alcmenor ♀ Un.
♂, 1995.03.17. Umphang, Tak, Thailand. ♀, 1990.07.23. Fang, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Papilio alcmenor alcmenor ♂ Up. Papilio alcmenor alcmenor ♂ Un. Papilio alcmenor alcmenor ♂ Up. Papilio alcmenor alcmenor ♂ genitalia
♂, 1991.10.11. Doi Phu Kha, Nan, Thailand. ♂, 1988.08.16. Jae Hom, Lampang, Thailand. Male Genitalia
Thailand ; Chiang Mai.

ON : Papilio alcmenor  Felder & Felder,1865
OD : Reise Fregatte Novara, Lep. Rhop. (1):129-130, pl.20, fig.d(♂,Un).
TL : India septentrionalis. (BMNH)



Distribution :
Nepal, India to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam.
Papilio alcmenor alcmenor Map

Synonyms

Papilio rhetenor  Westwood,1841 : Arcana Ent. 1(4):59, pl.16, figs.1,1a. TL. Assam. (homonym)
Papilio icarius  Westwood,1848 : Cabinet orient. Ent. :5, pl.2, fig.♀.  TL. Assam. (homonym)
Papilio rhetenor turificator  Fruhstorfer,1909 : Ent. Zeit. 22(42):175.  TL. Sikkim. (BMNH)
Papilio rhetenor turificator f.albolunata  Fruhstorfer,1909 : Ent. Zeit. 22(42):175.  TL. Sikkim. (BMNH)
Papilio rhetenor publilius  Fruhstorfer,1909 Ent. Zeit. 22(42):175.  TL. Lower Bruma. (BMNH)
Papilio rhetenor f.leucocelis  Jordan,1909 : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde. 9:76.  TL. Khasia Hills, Assam. (BMNH)


Type Materials Information

alcmenor ; ♂, Type, Sikkim, India. (BMNH. examined.)
turificator ;
♂, Type, #149327, Marz, April., Sikkim. (BMNH. examined.)
♀, Type, #149328, Sikkim. (BMNH. examined.)
publilius ; ♂, Type (red), #149329, Lower Burma. (BMNH. examined.)
albolunata ; ♂, Type, #149326, Sikkim, India. (BMNH. examined.)
leucocelis ; ♂, Type, Khasia Hills, Assam. (BMNH. examined.)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Papilio rhetenor rhetenor ; Godfrey,1927 : 120. (North)
Papilio rhetenor rhetenor ; Godfrey,1930 : 214. (Chiang Mai / Chiang Rai / Pan Yao, west)
Papilio rhetenor rhetenor ; Pinratana,1977 : 44, fig.P31,♂,♂(Un) ; 45, fig.P31,♂,♀. (Chiang Mai)
Papilio alcmenor publilius ; Pinratana,1992 : 25,43, pl.43, fig.32,♂,♂(f.leucocelis) ; pl.44, fig.32,♂(f.leucocelis),♀. (Chiang Mai)
Papilio alcmenor alcmenor ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 88, pl.15, fig.P31,♂,♂(Un),♂(Un),♂(f.leucocelis),♂(f.leucocelis),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao / Wiang Pa Pao)
Papilio alcmenor publilius ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 126, fig.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok / Khun Lao Village / Doi Chinag Dao / Doi Suthep / Doi Inthanon)
Papilio alcmenor alcmenor ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 84, pl.15, fig.P29,♂,♂(Un),♂(f.leucocelis),♂(Un),♂(f.leucocelis ab.),♀,♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao / Wiang Pa Pao)

[ LAOS ]
Papilio rhetenor f.rhetenor ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1914 : 149-150. (Laos)
Papilio rhetenor f.rhetenor ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1921 : 13. (Laos)
Papilio alcmenor rhetenor ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 46. (Vang Vieng)
Papilio alcmenor publilius ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 200, pl.13, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Lak Sao / Nhahin)
Papilio alcmenor alcmenor ; Cotton & Racheli,[2007] : 357-358. (Thabok / Khoun Kham)
Papilio alcmenor alcmenor ; Onodera,2009b : 41, fig.20♂. (Khammouan: Nacay)
Papilio alcmenor publilius ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 ; 41.

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio rhetenor f.rhetenor ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1914 : 149-150. (Laos)
Papilio rhetenor f.rhetenor ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1921 : 13. (Annam)
Papilio rhetenor rhetenor ; Metaye,1957 : 83. (Central)
Papilio alcmenor alcmenor ; Shinkai,1999 : 54. (North: Mt.Pia Oac ; Tam Dao / South: Bao Lac)
Papilio alcmenor alcmenor ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 7, figs.Pa-16♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri ; Dai Duc Me)
Papilio alcmenor ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 38. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi; Huong Thuy; Bach Ma)
Papilio alcmenor alcmenor ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 63-64, pl.17, figs.2a♂,2b♂(Un),2c♀. (North: Na Hang; Ba Be / Central: Xuang Lien; Pu Hoat; Bu Huong; Pu Mat; Huong Son; Vu Quang; Phong Nha/Ke Bang; Phong Dien; Bach Ma; Ngoc Linh; Kon Cha Rang; Kon Ka Kinh; Chu Yang Sin; Hon Ba; Col de Blao)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son, Ban Huai Pung.
2012.02.09
1♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Chiang Mai, Fang.
1990.07.23


1♀
Local Catcher (MN)
Chiang Mai, Chiang Dao.
1983.02.16
1♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Chiang Mai, Chiang Dao.
2014.05.13
2♂


Y.Inayoshi (photo)
Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.
1988.03.02
1♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.
1988.03.15


1♀
Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.
1986.03.19
1♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.
1987.03.30
1♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.
1987.03.31
2♂
1♀
Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.
1987.04.01
1♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Chiang Mai, Doi Suthep.
1987.04.02
1♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Chiang Mai, Doi Inthanon.
1984.04.07
1♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Chiang Mai, Doi Inthanon.
1984.04.10


1♀
Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Lampang, Jae Hom.
1988.08.16
1♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Nan, Doi Phu Kha.
1991.03.--
1♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Nan, Doi Phu Kha.
1990.03.15
1♂


M.Nishimura (MN)
Nan, Doi Phu Kha.
1991.10.11
1♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Nan, Doi Phu Kha.
1991.10.14
1♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Tak, Umphang.
1994.01.16
1♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Tak, Umphang.
1995.03.17
1♂


M.Nishimura (MN)

[ LAOS ]
Thabok, Tad Leuk.
2005.02.26-03.11
3♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Thabok, Tad Xai.
2005.03.21-03.30
3♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Thabok, Tad Xai.
2005.06.23
1♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Thabok, Tad Xai.
2005.08.08-8.10
29♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)


[ VIETNAM ]
Lam Dong, Dambri.
2003.09.20
1♂


K.Saito (KS)
Lam Dong, Loc Tan.
2006.10.04
1♂


K.Saito (KS)
Lam Dong, Loc Tan.
2006.10.06
2♂


K.Saito (KS)


Notes
Literature

Westwood, J.O.,1841-1845 : Arcana entomologica, or Illustrations of new, rare, and interesting exotic insects.
William Smith, London. 8 vol.

Westwood, J.O.,1848 : The Cabinet of Oriental Entomology; a selection of some of the rarer an more beautiful species of insects,
natives of India and the adjacent islands, the greater portion of which are now for the first time deescribed and figured.
London, Smith 4 to : 88 pp, 42 cpl.

Felder, C. & R. Felder,1865-1875 :
Rhopalocera. In Reiseder Osterreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen Commodore B. von Wullerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Zweiter Band:
Abtheilung. Wien : vi + 548 + [1] pp in 5 parts, 140 pls.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1909 : Neue asiatische Papilio-Rassen.
Ent. Zeit. 22(42):175-176 ; 22(43):177-179.

Papilio alcmenor alcmenor ♂
2♂ + 1♂ memnon, Laos. ( photo by K.Phongpiyamit )

1996.10.02 - 2014.06.21.