Papilio polytes romulus   Cramer,[1775]

Papilio polytes romulus ♂ Up. Papilio polytes romulus ♂ Un. Papilio polytes romulus ♀ Up. Papilio polytes romulus ♀ Un.
♂, 1994.03.11. Ton Nga Chang, Hat Yai, Thailand. ♀, 1994.03.21. Ban Nam Hom, Laos.
Papilio polytes romulus ♀ Up. Under Construction Under Construction Under Construction
♀, 1990.03.10. Doi Phu Kha, Nan, Thailand. Under Construction Under Construction Under Construction

ON : Papilio romulus  Cramer,[1775]
OD : Uitl. Kapellen 1:67, pl.43, fig.A(♀).
TL : Ceylon.



Distribution :
Sri Lanka, Nepal, India to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia,
Vietnam, Langkawi, W.Malaysia, Tioman, Aur, Singapore.
Papilio polytes romulus Map

Synonyms

Papilio mutius  Fabricius,1793 : Ent. syst. 3(1):3.  TL. Tranquebariae.
Papilio cyrus  Fabricius,1793 : Ent. syst. 3(1):7.  TL. Muf.Britann.
Papilio sakontala  Hewitson,1852 : Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (2)2:24, pl.5, fig.1.  TL.(♂) Sylhet.
Papilio polytes var.ceylanicus  Felder & Felder,1864 : Verh. zool.-boot. Ges. Wien. 14:319.  TL. Ceylon (Rambodde).
Papilio walkeri  Janson,1879 : Cistula Entomologica 2:433-434, pl.8, fig.2(♂).  TL.(♂) S.India.
Papilio polytes pammon f.cyroides  Fruhstorfer,1909 : Ent. Zeit. 22(43):178.  TL.(♀) Sikkim.
Papilio polytes neomelanides  Fruhstorfer,1909 : Ent. Zeit. 22(43):178.  TL. Perak ; Singapore.
Papilio polytes ♀f.rubida  Fruhstorfer,1909 : Ent. Zeit. 22(43):179.  TL. Malabar.
Papilio polytes romulus ♂ab.astreans  Jordan,1909 : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde. 9:61.  TL. S.India.
Papilio polytes ab.chrysos  Boullet & Le Cerf,1912 : Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 1912(11):247.  TL.(♂) Pnom-Penh, Cambodia. (MNHN)
* Papilio ab.coomani  Dufrane,1946 : Bull. Annls Soc. ent. Belg. 82:116.
* Papilio f.joannisi  Dufrane,1946 : Bull. Annls Soc. ent. Belg. 82:116.
* Papiliio ab.obliterata  Dufrane,1946 : Bull. Annls Soc. ent. Belg. 82:116.
Papiliio polytes romulus f.indiv.♀rufopalmata  Rousseau-Decelle,1947 : Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 51:129.  TL. Naga Hills, Assam.(♀)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Papilio polytes polytes ; Godfrey,1916 : 110.
Papilio polytes polytes ; Pendlebury,1923 : 24. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Tai Sai River, Wat Kiriwong ; Khao Ram)
Papilio polytes polytes ; Godfrey,1927 : 120. (North)
Papilio polytes polytes ; Godfrey,1930 : 213. (all over)
Papilio polytes polytes ; Godfrey,1931 : 191. (Ko Tao)
Papilio polytes polytes ; Godfrey,1932a : 264. (Peninsula)
Papilio polytes romulus ; Reeves,1966 : 10. (Nakhon Nayok: Khao Yai)
Papilio polytes romulus ; Pinratana,1977 : 39, fig.P28,♂,♀(f.cyrus), ♀(f.polytes) ; 40, fig.P28,♀,♀(ab.). (all over)
Papilio polytes romulus ; Pinratana,1992 : 24,43, pl.38, fig.30,♂,♀(f.polytes),♂(Un). (every where)
Papilio polytes romulus ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 251, fig.40♂. (Mukdahan: Phu Pha Thaep ; Ban Naudom)
Papilio polytes romulus ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 16. (Mukdahan: Nam Tok Tad Ton ; Phu Mu ; Ban Na Lak / Ubon Ratchathani: Kaeng Tana ; Kaeng E-Keow)
Papilio polytes romulus ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 45. (Ubon Ratchathani: Phu Chong Na Yoi ; Phu Pung ; Don Far Huan / Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram ; Phu Hin Khan ; Phu Huai Sing ; Nam Tok Tad Ton)
Papilio polytes romulus ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 64, fig.43♂. (Umphang)
Papilio polytes romulus ; Katsuyama et al.,2006 : 46, fig.28♂. (Nan: Ban Nam Poon)
Papilio polytes romulus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 82, pl.12, fig.P29,♂,♂(Un),♂ ; pl.13, fig.29,♀,♀(Un)(f.cyrus), ♀,♀(Un)(f.polytes). (Pathum Thani / Chiang Dao / Trat)
Papilio polytes romulus ; Les Day,2011- : Samui Butterflies, fig.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Koh Samui)
Papilio polytes romulus ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 125, fig.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un); f.cyrus♀,♀(Un); f.polytes♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Suthep / Thung Saleng Luang / Phu Kradung / Phu Khiewo / Khao Yai / Sarika / Nakohn Nayork / Wan Nam Khiewo / Kao Soi Dao / Kratchin WF / Khao Phoon / Pliewn WF / Khao Khiewo / Bang Phra / Bangkok / Erawan WF / Kuwai Yai / Kaeng Krachan / Ka Chong / Sai Kao WF / Sonkhula / Haadjai / Than To WF)
Papilio polytes romulus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 82, pl.12, fig.P27,♂,♂(Un),♂ ; pl.13, fig.27,♀,♀(Un)(f.cyrus), ♀,♀(Un)(f.polytes). (Pathum Thani / Chiang Dao /)

[ LAOS ]
Papilio polytes romulus ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 46, pl.7, figs.1♂,2♂(Un),3♀,4♀(Un). (LTN / Vientiane / Luang Prabang / Ban Houei Sai / Nam Ngum Dam)
Papilio polytes romulus ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 200, pl.12, figs.♂,♂,♂(Un),♀. (Vientiane / Nam Dhua / Lak Sao / Thakhek)
Papilio polytes romulus ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 38. (Namdhua)
Papilio polytes romulus ; Cotton & Racheli,[2007] : 354-356. (Thabok / Hinboun: Koun Ngun)
Papilio polytes romulus ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 ; 41.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Papilio polytes ab.chryson ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1914 : 149. (Cambodge)
Papilio polytes ab.chryson ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1921 : 13. (Cambodge)
Papilio polytes ; Onodera,2007 : 23, fig.6♂. (Rattanakiri: Kalai)
Papilio polytes ; Onodera,2008 : 60,61. (Mondolkiri: Romonea; Bousra)
Papilio polytes romulus ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 128. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio polytes polytes ; Godfrey,1919 : 464. (South: Daban)
Papilio polytes romulus ; Moulton,1923 : 132. (Pulo Condore)
Papilio polytes romulus ; Metaye,1957 : 82. (North / Central / South)
Papilio polytes romulus f.♀romulus ; Metaye,1957 : 82. (North / Central / South)
Papilio polytes romulus f.♀cyrus ; Metaye,1957 : 82. (North / Central / South)
Papilio polytes romulus ; Ikeda et al.,1998 : 17, figs.4:4♂,5♀, 9:8(♂genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Papilio polytes polytes ; Shinkai,1999 : 54-55. (North: Tam Dao / South: Bao Lac)
Papilio polytes polytes ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 7, figs.Pa-15♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri / Dong Nai: Thac Mai / Bin Thuan: Dong Tien / Ho Chi Minh)
Papilio polytes ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 38. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi; Huong Thuy; Phong Dien; Bach Ma)
Papilio polytes romulus ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 59-61, pl.15, figs.d♀(♂[♀],f.mandane),e♀(f.polytes),f♀(f.polytes),g♀(f.polytes),k♀(f.cyrus). (Central / South)
Papilio polytes romulus ; Nihira,2009 : 97, fig.♀. (Phu Quoc)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son, Ban Na Plachat.
1984.03.12
1♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Mae Hong Son, Nam Sakut.
1993.01.29


1♀
P.Sukkit (YI)
Chiang Rai, Wiang Pa Pao.
1988.03.12
2♂
1♀
Local Catcher (YI)
Phrae, Wang Chin.
1988.01.29


1♀
Local Catcher (YI)
Phrae, Long.
2012.10.27


1♀
Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Nan, Doi Phu Kha.
1991.03.--
2♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Nan, Doi Phu Kha.
1991.04.--
1♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Nan, Doi Phu Kha.
1991.06.--


1♀
Local Catcher (YI)
Nakhon Nayok, Wang Ta Krai.
1982.06.14


1♀
A.M.Cotton (YI)
Thonburi, Bangkok.
1985.08.14


1♀
Y.Shiraishi (YI)
Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.
1984.02.28
1♂


Local Catcher (YI)
Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.
1983.03.26
1♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Trat, Koh Kut.
2013.10.27


1♀
E.Ikari (EI)
Ranong.
2012.03.07
1♂


E.Ikari (EI)
Nakhon Si Thammarat, Ka Rom WF.
1992.03.13


1♀
Y.Inayoshi (YI)

[ LAOS ]
Vientiane, Phu Khao Kway.
1996.04.01
1♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Thabok, Thabok.
2005.02.26-03.11
1♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Thabok, Tad Xai.
2005.03.21-03.30
5♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Thabok, Tad Xai.
2005.06.23
2♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Thabok, Tad Xai.
2005.08.08-08.09
4♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Hinboun, Koun Ngun.
2005.06.17
2♂
1♀
A.M.Cotton (AC)
Hinboun, Koun Ngun.
2005.07.31


3♀
A.M.Cotton (AC)
Hinboun, Koun Ngun.
2005.08.01-08.06
1♂
4♀
A.M.Cotton (AC)
Hinboun, Phu Pha Man.
2005.06.18


1♀
A.M.Cotton (AC)
Hinboun, Phu Pha Man.
2005.08.01


1♀
A.M.Cotton (AC)
Hinboun, Phu Pha Man.
2005.08.06
1♂


A.M.Cotton (AC)
Cham Pasak, Paksong.
1996.03.27
1♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)
Cham Pasak, Paksong.
1996.03.29
1♂


Y.Inayoshi (YI)

[ VIETNAM ]
Vinh Phuc, Tamdao.
1984.03.12


1♀
M.Nishimura (MN)
Lam Dong, Dambri.
2003.09.15


1♀
K.Saito (KS)
Lam Dong, Dambri.
2002.12.31
1♂


K.Saito (KS)
Lam Dong, Madagui.
2006.10.03
1♂


K.Saito (KS)
Bin Thuan, Don Tien.
2006.10.08
1♂


K.Saito (KS)


Notes
Literature

Cramer, P.,[1775]-[1776] :
Uitlandsche Kapellen. voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America, by een verzameld en bescreeven.
Amsterdam. Baalde, and Utrecht, Wild. 1(1-7):xxx + 16 + 132pp, pl.1-84, [1775] ; 1(8):133-156, pl.85-96,[1776].

Fabricius, J.C.,1793 : Entomologia systematica emedata et aucta. secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus.
3(1): [iv] + 488 pp. Copenhagen. C.G.Proft.

Hewitson, W.C.,1852 : Descriptions of Five new Species of Butterflies, of the Family Papilionidae.
Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. (2)2:22-24.

Felder, C. & R. Felder,1864 : Species Lepidopterorum hucusque descriptae vel iconibus expressae in seriem systematicum digestae.
Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14:289-378.

Janson, O.E.,1879 : Descriptions of two new Eastern species of the genus Papilio.
Cistula Entomologica 2:433-434, pl.8, figs.2,3.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1909 : Neue asiatische Papilio-Rassen.
Ent. Zeit. 22(43):177-179.

Boullet, E. & F. Le Cerf,1912 : Descriptions sommarires de formes nouvelles de Papilionidae (Lep).
de la collection du Museum de Paris (2e note).
Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 1912(11):246-247.

Rousseau-Decelle, G.,1947 : Contribution a letude des Papilio de la faune Indo-Oceanienne (Lep. Papilionidae)
Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 51:128-133.

1996.10.02 - 2014.06.14.