Papilio nephelus chaon   Westwood,1845

♂, 1991.03.12. Doi Phu Kha, Nan, Thailand. ♀, 1991.03.--. Doi Phu Kha, Nan, Thailand.
♂, 1991.06.--. Doi Phu Kha, Nan, Thailand. ♀, 1991.06.--. Doi Phu Kha, Nan, Thailand.
♂, 1984.03.19. Sai Yok Noi, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. ♂, 1993.03.20. Kaeng Kra Chan, Phetchaburi, Thailand. ♂, 1996.03.16. Ko Chang, Trat, Thailand. Male Genitalia
Vietnam ; Cuc Phuong.

ON : Papilio chaon  Westwood,1845
OD : Arcana Ent. 2:97, pl.72, fig.1(♂).
TL : Assam.



Distribution :
Nepal, India to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos,
Cambodia, Vietnam, China.

Synonyms

Papilio chaon ducenarius  Fruhstorfer,1908 : Ent. Zeit. 22(18):73.  TL. Tenasserim. (BMNH)
Papilio chaon duketius  Fruhstorfer,1908 : Ent. Zeit. 22(18):73.  TL. Siam. (BMNH)
Papilio chaon dispensator  Fruhstorfer,1908 : Ent. Zeit. 22(18):73.  TL. Tonkin. (BMNH)
Papilio chaon chaon ♀f.leucacantha  Fruhstorfer,1908 : Ent. Zeit. 22(18):73.  TL. Sikkim. (BMNH)
Papilio chaon ♂ab.paryphanta  Jordan,1909 : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde. 9:53.  TL. Cherra Punji, Assam.
Papilio chaon ab.xanthia  Boullet & Le Cerf,1912 : Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 1912(11):247.  TL. Pnom-Penh, Cambodia. (MNHN)
* Papilio ab.pseudochaonulus  Dufrane,1936 : Lambillionea. 36:42.
* Papilio ab.tripunctata  Dufrane,1936 : Lambillionea. 36:42.


Type Materials Information

dispensator ;
♂, Type (red), #149321, Chiem-Hoa, Central-Tonkin. Aug.Sept., H.Fruhstorfer (BMNH. examined.)
♀, Type (red), #149322, Chiem-Hoa, Central-Tonkin. Aug.Sept., H.Fruhstorfer (BMNH. examined.)
duketius ; ♂, Type (red), Muok-Lek, Siam. Jan. (BMNH. examined.)
leucacantha ; ♀, Type (red), Darjeeling. Juni., Fruhstorfer leg. (BMNH. examined.)
ducenarius ; ♂, Type (red), Lower Burma. [Tenasserim.] (BMNH. examined.)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Papilio chaon ; Fruhstorfer,[1903] : 173. (Siam)
Papilio chaon chaon ; Jordan,1908-1909 : 53. (Siam)
Papilio chaon chaon ; Godfrey,1916 : 110.
Papilio chaon chaon ; Godfrey,1927 : 120. (North)
Papilio chaon chaon ; Godfrey,1930 : 212. (Prae: Me Song forest / Chiang Rai / Pak Jong, East / Chonburi: Sriracha / Petchaburi / [Songkhla: Ban Prakawp])
Papilio chaon ducenarius ; Davidson & Macbeth,1938 : 68. (Chonburi: Sriracha)
Papilio nephelus raya ; Reeves,1966 : 10. (Nakhon Nayok: Khao Yai)
Papilio nephelus chaon ; Pinratana,1977 : 35, fig.P24c,♂,♂(Un). (all over)
Papilio nephelus chaon ; Pinratana,1992 : 22,42, pl.31, fig.27a,♂ ; pl.34, fig.27a,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai / Chanthaburi / Phitsanulok / Kanchanaburi / Nakhon Nayok / [Ranong])
Papilio nephelus chaon ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 251, fig.39♂. (Mukdahan: Phu Mu ; Phu Shang)
Papilio nephelus chaon ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 15-16. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram ; Phu Huay Sing ; Ban Na Lak ; Ban Gok Tum / Ubon Ratchathani: Kaeng E-Keow)
Papilio nephelus chaon ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 45. (Ubon Ratchathani: Phu Chong Na Yoi / Mukdahan: Phu Mu ; Ban Lao Kram)
Papilio nephelus chaon ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 80, pl.11, fig.P28a,♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai: Chiang Dao)
Papilio nephelus chaon ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 124, fig.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao / Doi Phu Kha / Thung Saleng Luang / Mae Sam / Phu Khiewo / Sarika / Nakohn Nayork / Khao Khiewo / Kao Soi Dao / Kratchin WF / Khao Khiewo)
Papilio nephelus ducenarius ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 124, fig.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un). (Sai York Noi / Erawan WF / Kuwai Yai / Kaeng Krachan / Hua Hin)

[ LAOS ]
Papilio nephelus chaon ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 46, pl.6, figs.1♂,2♂(Un). (Tha Ngone / Nam Moh / Luang Prabang)
Papilio nephelus chaon ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 200, pl.11, figs.♂(dsf),♂(dsf,Un),♀. (Thabok / Lak Sao)
Papilio nephelus chaon ; Cotton & Racheli,[2007] : 353-354. (Thabok / Hinboun: Koun Ngun ; Koun Kham / Lak Sao)
Papilio nephelus chaon ; Onodera,2009b : 41. (Khammouan: Nacay)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Papilio chaon ab.xanthia ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1914 : 148. (Cambodge)
Papilio chaon ab.xanthia ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1921 : 12. (Cambodge)
Papilio nephelus chaon ; Woodfield & Murton,2006 : figs.♂,♂(Un). (Botum Sakor NP.)
Papilio nephelus ; Onodera,2007 : 27, fig.5♂. (Siem Reap: Phnum Kuhlen)
Papilio nephelus ; Onodera,2008 : 57. (Mondolkiri: Bousra)

[ VIETNAM ]
Papilio chaon ; Fruhstorfer,[1903] : 173. (Tonkin: Chim-Hoa)
Papilio chaon chaon ; Jordan,1908-1909 : 53. (Tonkin)
Papilio chaon ab.paryphanta ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1914 : 148. (Tonkin / Cochinchine)
Papilio chaon ab.paryphanta ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1921 : 12. (Tonkin / Cochinchine)
Papilio chaon ; Lemee,1950 : 4. (Hagiang)
Papilio chaon chaon ; Metaye,1957 : 82. (North / Central / South)
Papilio chaon chaon ab.♂paryphanta ; Metaye,1957 : 82. (North / South)
Papilio nephelus chaon ; Ikeda et al.,1998 : 17, figs.4:2♂,3♂(Un),9:7(♂genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Papilio nephelus chaon ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 7, figs.Pa-14♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri / Dong Nai: Thac Mai)
Papilio nephelus ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 38. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi; Huong Thuy; Phong Dien; Bach Ma)
Papilio nephelus chaon ; Monastyrskii,2007 : 56-57, pl.14, figs.1a♂,1b♂(Un),1c♀. (throughout Vietnam)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
 Mae Hong Son, Ban Na Plachat.   1984.03.12   1♂       Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Mae Hong Son, Ban Na Plachat.   1984.03.14   1♂       Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Chiang Dao.         1983.03.03   1♂       Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Chiang Dao.         1989.08.--       1♀   Local Catcher (MN)
 Chiang Mai, Omkoi.              1994.10.17       1♀   Local Catcher (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Omkoi.              1994.10.23       1♀   Local Catcher (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.               1991.03.--       1♀   Local Catcher (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.               1991.03.12   1♂       Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.               1991.04.--   1♂       Local Catcher (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.               1991.06.--   2♂ 1♀   Local Catcher (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.               1991.07.--   1♂       Local Catcher (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.               1991.07.05   1♂       Local Catcher (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.               1991.08.--   1♂       Local Catcher (YI)
 Kanchanaburi, Sai Yok Noi.      1984.03.19   1♂       Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.      1984.03.05   1♂       Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.      1984.03.07   2♂       Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.      1983.03.28   1♂ 1♀   Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.      1982.09.--   1♂       Local Catcher (YI)
 Trat, Ko Chang, Khlong Plu.     1996.03.13   2♂       Y.Inasyoshi (YI)
 Trat, Ko Chang, Khlong Plu.     1996.03.14   1♂ 1♀   Y.Inasyoshi (YI)
 Trat, Ko Chang, Khlong Plu.     1996.03.16   2♂       Y.Inasyoshi (YI)
 Trat, Ko Chang, Khlong Plu.     1996.03.18       1♀   Y.Inasyoshi (YI)
 Phetchaburi, Kaeng Kra Chan.    1993.03.20   1♂       P.Sukkit (YI)

[ LAOS ]
 Lak Sao, Nam Phao.              2005.03.21-03.30    1♂       A.M.Cotton (AC)
 Lak Sao, Nam Phao.              2005.07.29          1♂       A.M.Cotton (AC)
 Vang Vieng.                     1993.06.19          1♂       P.Sukkit (YI)
 Vientiane, Phu Khao Kway.       1996.04.01              1♀   Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Thabok, Tad Leuk.               2005.02.26-03.11   54♂       A.M.Cotton (AC)
 Thabok, Tad Xai.                2005.02.26-03.11    9♂       A.M.Cotton (AC)
 Thabok, Tad Xai.                2005.03.21-03.30   17♂       A.M.Cotton (AC)
 Thabok, Tad Xai.                2005.06.14          4♂       A.M.Cotton (AC)
 Thabok, Tad Xai.                2005.06.23          8♂       A.M.Cotton (AC)
 Thabok, Tad Xai.                2005.08.08-08.10   54♂  1♀  A.M.Cotton (AC)
 Thakek, Ban Tok.                2005.02.26-03.11    1♂       A.M.Cotton (AC)
 Hinboun, Koun Kham.             2005.02.26-03.11    3♂       A.M.Cotton (AC)
 Hinboun, Koun Kham.             2005.03.21-03.30    2♂       A.M.Cotton (AC)
 Hinboun, Koun Ngun.             2005.06.17          2♂       A.M.Cotton (AC)
 Hinboun, Koun Ngun.             2005.06.27          1♂       A.M.Cotton (AC)
 Hinboun, Koun Ngun.             2005.07.30          5♂  7♀  A.M.Cotton (AC)
 Hinboun, Koun Ngun.             2005.07.31               5♀  A.M.Cotton (AC)
 Hinboun, Koun Ngun.             2005.08.01-08.07   26♂ 12♀  A.M.Cotton (AC)
 Hinboun, Phu Pha Man.           2005.08.02-08.07    1♂  9♀  A.M.Cotton (AC)
 Cham Pasak, Paksong.            1996.03.25          1♂       Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Cham Pasak, Paksong.            1996.03.28          1♂       Y.Inayoshi (YI)

[ VIETNAM ]
 Lam Dong, Dambri.               2004.01.02  1♂        K.Saito (KS)
 Lam Dong, Dambri.               2003.09.14  1♂        K.Saito (KS)
 Lam Dong, Dambri.               2003.09.18  1♂        K.Saito (KS)
 Lam Dong, Madagui.              2006.10.03  1♂        K.Saito (KS)

Notes
Literature

Westwood, J.O.,1841-1845 : Arcana entomologica, or Illustrations of new, rare, and interesting exotic insects.
William Smith, London. 8 vol.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1908 : Lepidopterologisches Pele-Mele. IV. Neue Papiliorassen.
Ent. Zeit. 22(18):72-73.

Boullet, E. & F. Le Cerf,1912 : Descriptions sommarires de formes nouvelles de Papilionidae (Lep).
de la collection du Museum de Paris (2e note).
Bull. Soc. ent. Fr. 1912(11):246-247.

Papilio nephelus chaon ♀,♂ Papilio nephelus chaon ♂
♀♂, Laos. ( photo by K.Phongpiyamit ) ♂, Laos. ( photo by K.Phongpiyamit )
Papilio nephelus chaon ♀+aeacus ♀
♀ + Troides aeacus ♀, Laos.
( photo by K.Phongpiyamit )

1996.10.02 - 2012.05.31.