Troides amphrysus ruficollis  (Butler,1879)

Troides amphrysus ruficollis ♂ Up. Troides amphrysus ruficollis ♂ Un. Troides amphrysus ruficollis ♀ Up. Troides amphrysus ruficollis ♀ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♀, Ranong, Thailand.

ON : Ornithoptera ruficollis Butler,1879
OD : Trans. linn. Soc. Lond. (2)Zool. 1(8):552.
TL : Malacca. (♂, NHML)
Distribution : S.Myanmar, P.Thailand (Ranong and Southward),
W.Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra.
Troides amphrysus ruficollis map

Synonyms

Troides amphrysus nom.gardineri Fruhstorfer,1902 : Soc. ent. 17(8):57. TL. Sumatra.
Ornithoptera amphrysus euthydemus Fruhstorfer,1913 : Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 27(3):133. TL. Sumatra.
Troides amphrysus ruficollis f.poonkuanyaowi Tung,1982 : Tokurana 4:8-9, 16,fig.1-C, D♀. TL. Malay Pen : Cameron HL: Pahang; Beruas Dist: Perak etc. (IFS)
Troides amphrysus ruficollis ♀f.yapi Haugum & Low,1982 : Monog. Birdwing Butts. 2(2):127. TL. Maxwell's Hill, Perak. (IFS)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Troides amphrysus ruficollis ; Pinratana,1977 : 7, figs.P4,♂,♀. (P)
Troides amphrysus ruficollis ; Haugum & Low,1983 : 131. (P)
Troides amphrysus ruficollis ; Ohya,1983 : 246. (S)
Troides amphrysus ruficollis ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 12, pl.7, figs.4,♂,♀. (Ranong; Trang; Satun; Yala)
Troides amphrysus ruficollis ; Matsuka,2001 : 191. (P: Ranong; Thung Na Kha; Khao Chong; Thale Ban; Than To WF.)
Troides amphrysus ruficollis ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 64, pl.3, figs.P5,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Than To; Ranong; Nakhon Si Thammarat)
Troides amphrysus ruficollis ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 112, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Hat Samphang; Ranong; Khao Luang; Ka Chong; Thaleban; Than To WF.)
Troides amphrysus ruficollis ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 64, pl.3, figs.P5,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Than To; Ranong; Nakhon Si Thammarat)
Troides amphrysus ruficollis ; Küppers & Janikorn,2017 : 151, figs.Abb.Pa-054-055. (Phang Nga)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Ranong : 4♂ 4♀ (RIEB).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Krabi : 1♂ (photo by A.Giudici).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Satun : 2♂ (photo by E.Ikari).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 2♂ 1♀ (RIEB).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.30m - 1000m).

Literature

Butler, A.G.,1879 : The Butterflies of Malacca.
Trans. linn. Soc. Lond., (2)Zool. 1(8):533-568, pl.68,69.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1902 : Troides amphrysus gardineri nom. nov.
Soc. ent. 17(8):57.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1913 : Neue Indo-Australiche Rhopaloceren.
Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 27(3):130-139.

Tung, V.W.Y.,1982 : The population genetics of Troides species of Peninsular Malaysia and descriptions of two new female forms Papilionidae)
Tokurana 4:1-21.

Haugum, J. & A.M. Low.,1983 : A Monograph of the Birdwing Butterflies. Vol.2, part.2. Troides; amphrysus & haliphron groups.
E.J.Brill. Scandinavian Science Press LTD. Leiden, Copenhagen.

Ohya, T.,1983 : Birdwing Butterflies
Kodansha, Tokyo. 331 pp, 136 pls.

Matsuka, H.,2001 : Natural History of Birdwing Butterflies
Matsuka shuppan. 367 pp.

Troides amphrysus ruficollis ♂ Troides amphrysus ruficollis ♀
♂, Krabi, Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici) ♀, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan)

1996.09.26 - 2021.11.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.