Vanessa cardui  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Vanessa cardui ♂ Up. Vanessa cardui ♂ Un. Vanessa cardui ♀ Up. Vanessa cardui ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Phrae, Thailand.
Vanessa cardui ♀ Up. Vanessa cardui ♀ Un. Vanessa cardui ♀ Up. Vanessa cardui ♀ Un.
♀, Champasak, Laos. ♀, Phrae, Thailand.

ON : Papilio cardui Linnaeus, 1758
OD : Syst. Nat. (ed.10) 1:475.
TL : "Carduo Europa ; Africa" [Sweden].
Distribution : Cosmopolitan except South America.
Vanessa cardui map

Synonyms

Vanessa cardui ab.pallens Noel, 1881 : Feuille jeun. Nat. 11(127):102. TL. Vascoeuil.
Vanessa cardui var.pallida Schoyen, 1881 : Tromso. Mus. rsh. 4:77-79. TL. Praetegaarden.
Vanessa cardui ab.inornata Bramson, 1886 : Annls. Soc. ent. Fr. (6)16:284. TL. Ekaterinoslaw, Russie meridionale.
Vanessa cardui ab.wiskotti Standfuss, 1895 : Ent. Zeit. 9(12):91. TL. Holland.
Pyrameis cardui ab.minor Cannaviello, 1900 : Misc. Ent. 8(2):19-20. TL. Calabria, Italy.
Pyrameis cardui ab.elymi Fruhstorfer, 1906 : Ent. Zeit. 20(3):17. TL. Pengalengan, W.Java. (♂)
Pyrameis cardui ab.carduelina Alpheraky, 1908 : Horae. Soc. ent. ross. 38:573-574. TL. Taganrog.
Pyrameis cardui japonica Stichel, 1909 : in Seitz, Grossschmett Erde. 1:200, fig.62d. TL. Japan ; E.China (Taintau).
Pyrameis cardui f.brunnea-albimaculata Reuss, 1916 : Int. ent. Z. 9(25):131. (♀)
Pyrameis cardui f.rosacea Reuss, 1916 : Int. ent. Z. 9(25):131. (♂)
Pyrameis cardui ab.schoenfellneri Hoffmann, 1925 : Z. ost. Ent. Ver. 10(3):29-30. TL. Kleinmunchen, Austria.
Pyrameis cardui ab.subfracta Stach, 1925 : Spraw. Kom. fizyogr. 58/59:114-115, Ryc.3. TL. Czarnym Dunajcu, Poland.
Pyrameis cardui ab.rogeri Meilhan, 1929 : P.-v. Soc. linn. Bordeaux 80:102. TL. France.
Pyrameis cardui ab.varini Meilhan, 1929 : P.-v. Soc. linn. Bordeauxx 80:103. TL. France.
Vanessa cardui f.albipuncta Lempke, 1956 : Tijdschr. Ent. 99(3):188. TL. Holland.
Vanessa cardui f.nigripuncta Lempke, 1956 : Tijdschr. Ent. 99(3):188. TL. Holland. (♀)
Vanessa cardui ab.takesakiana Murayama & Shimonoya, 1966 : Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 16(3/4):63, fig.24,♀,27,♀(Un). TL. Poli, Taiwan. (♀)
Vanessa pulchra Chou, Yuan, Yin, Zhang & Chen, 2002 : Entomotaxonomia 24(1) : 54,58,65. figs.15a(HT,♂),15b(HT,♂Un). TL. Ganzi, Sichuan.
Vanessa cardui stictus Wu et Ma, 2016 : Records of Butterflies in Anhui Province 136-137, fig.520,521. TL. Ma On Shan, Anhui, China. (Unavailable name)


Type Material Information

pulchra : Holotype ♂, Ganzi, Sichuan.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Pyrameis cardui ; Davidson & Macbeth,1938 : 73. (N: Koon Tarn)
Vanessa cardui cardui ; Pinratana,1979 : 26, figs.N37,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Vanessa cardui cardui ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 29, pl.12, figs.26,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Vanessa cardui ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 366, pl.157, figs.N29,♂,♀,♀. (Yala)
Vanessa cardui ; Les Day,2011- : Samui Butterflies, fig. (Koh Samui; Koh Phangan) (accessed: 2021.09.18)
Vanessa cardui cardui ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 496, pl.221 figs.N377,♂,♀,♀(Un). (Yala)
Vanessa cardui cardui ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig. (Chiang Mai) (accessed: 2021.09.18)
Vanessa cardui ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 56, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Ankhaan; Doi Inthanon)

[ LAOS ]
Vanessa cardui cardui ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 54, pl.46, figs.3,♂,4,♂(Un). (Luang Prabang)
Vanessa cardui cardui ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 205, pl.50, fig.♀. (Muang Khoua)
Vanessa cardui cardui ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 44.

[ VIETNAM ]
Pyrameis cardui ; Lemee,1950 : 12. (Langson)
Pyrameis cardui cardui ; Metaye,1957 : 94. (N / C / S)
Vanessa cardui cardui ; Luong et al.,2004 : 6, 58, figs.♀,♀(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Vanessa cardui cardui ; Miyazaki et al.,2010 : 24, fig.N-126,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri)
Vanessa cardui cardui ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 32. (N / C: to Lam Dong)
Vanessa cardui cardui ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(1):106, pl.26, fig.1,♂. (N: Hoang Lien; Van Ban; Ba Be; Na Hang; Tam Dao; Ba Vi; Cuc Phuong / C: Ben En; Ba To; Ngoc Linh; Da Lat; Bi Doup; Nui Chua)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 2♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Rai : 1♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 2♂ 3♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani (Koh Phangan dist.) : 1♀ (photo by A.Giudici).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 1♀ (photo by S.Atdhabhan).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Champasak : 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common at low to high elevations (alt.200m - 2100m), especially is often found on open peak.


Literature

Linnaeus, C.,1758 : Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis.
Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. (Edition 10). 1(Animalia):[iv]+824pp.

Noel, P.,1881 : Une nouvelle aberration de la Vanessa cardui.
Feuille jeun. Nat. 11(127):102.

Schoyen, W.M.,1881 : Nye Bidragtil Kundskaben om det arktiske norges Lepidopterfauna.
Tromso Mus. rsh. 4:71-100.

Standfuss, M.,1895 : Weitere Mittheilungen uber den Einfluss exttemer Temperaturen auf Schmetterlingspuppen.
Ent. Zeit. 9(12):89-91.

Bramson, C.L.,1886 : Una nouvelle aberration de Vanessa cardui L. (aber.inornata).
Annls Soc. ent. Fr. (6)16:284.

Cannaviello, H.,1900 : Courte note sur les Lepidopteres du Sous-genre Pyrameis Hubn.
Misc. Ent. 8(2):17-20.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1906 : Rhopaloceren-Aberrationen
Ent. Zeit. 20(3):17-18.

Alpheraky, S.N.,1908 : Cheshuekrilii Okrestnestei Taganroga.
Horae Soc. ent. ross. 38:558-618.

Stichel, H.,1909 : 6. Familie: Nymphalidae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 1
196-204.

Reuss. T.,1916 : Einige Naturiormen von Pyrameis cardui L.
Int. ent. Z. 9(25):130-131.

Hoffmann, E.,1925 : Pyrameis cardui L. nova ab.schoenfellneri.
Z. ost. Ent. Ver. 10(3):29-30.

Stach, S.,1925 : Neue Aberrationen von Pieris rapae L., P. napi L. und Pyrameis cardui L.
Spraw. Kom. fizyogr. 58/59:107-177, 3 figs.

Meilhan, Dr.,1928 : Une aberration de Pyrameis cardui L. (lep.).
P.-v. Soc. linn. Bordeaux 80:100-103.

Lempke, B.J.,1956 : Catalogus der Nederlandse Macrolepidoptera (Vierde Supplement)
Tijdschr. Ent. 99(3):155-216, pl.3,4.

Murayama, S. & Shimonoya, T.,1966 : Some Formosan butterflies of new species, new race, new aberrant forms or little known species and forms.
Trans. lepid. Soc. Japan 16(3/4):58-67, 41 figs.

Wu, S. & Ma, X.,2016 : Records of Butterflies in Anhui Province.
Time Publishing & Media Co.


Vanessa cardui ♀ Vanessa cardui ♀
♀, Chiang Rai, Thailand.
Vanessa cardui ♀ Vanessa cardui ♀
♀, Surat Thani (Koh Phangan dist.), Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici)
Vanessa cardui ♀
♀, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan)

2008.02.29 - 2021.09.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.