Virachola isocrates  (Fabricius,1793)

Virachola isocrates ♂ Up. Virachola isocrates ♂ Un. Virachola isocrates ♀ Up. Virachola isocrates ♀ Un.
♂ (ws), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (ds), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Virachola isocrates ♂ Up. Virachola isocrates ♂ Un. Virachola isocrates ♀ Up. Virachola isocrates ♀ Un.
♂ (ds), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (ds), Chiang Mai, Thailand.

ON : Hesperia isocrates Fabricius,1793
OD : Ent. syst. 3(1):266-267.
TL : India.
Distribution : Sri Lanka, Napal, India to Myanmar,
Thailand, Laos, Vietnam.

Synonym

Hesperia pann Fabricius,1793 : Ent. syst. 3(1):276. TL. India.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Virachola isocrates ; Godfrey,1932b : 330. (Petchaburi: Tung Luan)
Virachola isocrates ; Pinratana,1981 : 145, pl.26, figs.6,♀,7,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai / Prachuap Khiri Khan)
Virachola isocrates ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 259, fig.166,♀. (Mukdahan: Phu Pha Thaep)
Virachola isocrates ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 40. (Mukdahan: Ban Na Lak)
Virachola isocrates ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 56. (Mukdahan: Phu Hin Khan)
Virachola isocrates ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 706, pl.323, figs.L399,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai / Taphan Hin WF)
Virachola isocrates ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 750, pl.344, figs.L420,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai / Trat: Taphan Hin WF)
Virachola isocrates ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 133, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Suthep / Phu Hin Khan / Phu Pha Taep)

[ LAOS ]
Virachola isocrates ; Nakamura et al.,2009 : 25, figs.6,♂,♂(Un). (Xieng Khouang)
Virachola isocrates ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 55, pl.23, figs.Ly-260,♂,♂(Un). (Xieng Khouang: Muang Kham)

[ VIETNAM ]
Virachola isocrates ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 68. (C: Ninh Thuan)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 7♂ 3♀ (incl.photo & photo by A.Giudici).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 1♂ 1♀ (incl.photo by T.Laola).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is locally common in dry forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.400m - 900m) and is frequently found on the hilltops. Male makes a territory on the tree canopy and is often found sympatrically with Virachola perse, however is generally less common than perse. Examples of dry season males tend to have obscure orange patch on the UpF.

Literature

Fabricius, J.C.,1793 : Entomologia systematica emedata et aucta. secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus.
3(1): [iv] + 488 pp. Copenhagen. C.G.Proft.

Virachola isocrates ♂ Virachola isocrates ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Virachola isocrates ♂ Virachola isocrates ♀
♂, Lampang, Thailand. (photo by T.Laola) ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici)

1999.07.21 - 2021.03.31.
A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.