Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus  (Cramer, 1780)

Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ♂ Up. Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ♂ Un. Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ♀ Up. Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ♂ Up. Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ♂ Un. Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ♀ Up. Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ♀ Un.
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. (photo by K.Yano) ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

ON : Papilio eumolphus Cramer, 1780
OD : Uitl. Kapellen 4(25):19-20, pl.299, figs.G♂, H♂(Un).
TL : 'Bengale' (♂)
Distribution : Nepal, India, Sikkim, Assam to Myanmar,
Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Hainan.
● ssp.eumolphus
ssp.maxwelli
Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus map

Synonyms

Amblypodia bupola Hewitson, [1878] : Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae. Suppl.:21, pl.7, figs.64,65. TL. Darjeeling. (♀, NHML)
Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus forma elis Fruhstorfer, 1914 : Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 28(2):122. TL. Sikkim. (IFS) (♂, NHML)
Arhopala eumolphus tagore Fruhstorfer, 1914 : Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 28(2):122. TL. Assam. (♂, NHML)
Arhopala hellenoroides Chou et Gu, 1994 : in Chou, Monograph. Rhop. Sin : 769, figs.66,67, pl,634, figs.♂,♂(Un). TL. Mt. Jianfengling, Hainan. (♂)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Arhopala eumolphus ; Godfrey,1916 : 139-140. (Prae: Me Song Forest; Chonburi: Hup Bon)
Amblypodia eumolphus eumolphus ; Godfrey,1927 : 126. (N)
Amblypodia eumolphus eumolphus ; Godfrey,1930 : 335. (Prae: Me Song forest; Chiang Mai)
Narathura eumolphus eumolphus ; Evans,1957 : 111. (Siam)
Narathura eumolphus eumolphus ; Shirôzu & Saigusa,1962 : 50, pl.5, figs.37,♀,38,♀(Un). (Doi Inthanon)
Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ; Pinratana,1981 : 99, pl.16, figs.13,♂,14,♀,15(Un). (Chiang Mai; Chanthaburi; Nakhon Ratchasima)
Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 642, pl.292, figs.L273a♂,♀,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 676, pl.308, figs.L297a♂,♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 80, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Phui; Doi Suthep; Maethro; Krathin WF.)
Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2023- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Nakhon Nayok) (accessed: 2023.12.20)

[ LAOS ]
Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 217, pl.117, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀. (Phong Si; Thakhek; Xam Neua)
Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 47. (Laksao)
Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 54.
Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ; Onodera,2022 : 87, pl.217, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Bolikhamxai: Phon Si; Savannakhet)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Arhopala eumolphus ; Onodera,2008 : 61. (Mondolkiri: Bousra)
Arhopala eumolphus ; Onodera,2009 : 36, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Mondolkiri: Bousra)
Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ; Chartier & Kosterin,2022 : 122. (Mondulkiri; Siem Reap)

[ VIETNAM ]
Amblypodia eumolphus ; Metaye,1957 : 89. (C / S)
Narathura eumolphus maxwelli ; Evans,1957 : 111. (Cochin-China)
Narathura eumolphus maxwelli ; Inoué & Kawazoé,1965 : 359-361, pl.12, figs.91,♂,92,♂(Un),93,♀,94,♀(Un). (Dong Nai: Trang Bom; Banmethuout; Song Be)
Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ; Luong et al.,2004 : 10, 78, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Arhopala hellonore hellenore ; Luong et al.,2004 : 11, 79, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Arhopala eumolphus ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 43. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong)
Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,[2007] : 61, figs.L-91,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dai Duc Me; Madagui)
Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ; Yokochi et al.,2015 : 42. (Khanh Hoa: Hon Ba)
Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 61. (N / C: to Lam Dong / S)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 6♂ 6♀ (incl. photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Nayok : 1♂ 1♀ (photo by S.Sophonviwatkul).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forests at low to moderate elevations (Alt. 350 - 1100m). Males are territorial on shrubs or trees.


Literature

Cramer, P.,1780 :
Uitlandsche Kapellen. voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America, by een verzameld en bescreeven.
Amsterdam. Baalde, and Utrecht, Wild. 4(25-26a):1-28, pl.289-304.

Hewitson, W.C.,1863-1878 : Illustrations of diurnal Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae.
London, van Vorst. x+229pp. and 14a-14h, Suppl. 1-47; pls. (108, numbered;)
1-85, 88-92, 3a,3b,3c, Suppl.I-VII, Ia, Ib, IIIa, IIIb, IVa, Va, Vb. In 8 parts.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1914 : Neue Arhopala Rassen.
Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 28(2):121-137.

Chou, I. (ed.),1994 : Monographia Rhopalocerorum Sinensium.
2 vols., 854 pp. Henan Scientific and Technological Publishing House.


Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ♂ Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ♂ Arhopala eumolphus eumolphus ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1999.07.18 - 2023.12.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.