Arhopala centaurus nakula  (Felder & Felder, 1860)

Arhopala centaurus nakula ♂ Up. Arhopala centaurus nakula ♂ Un. Arhopala centaurus nakula ♀ Up. Arhopala centaurus nakula ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Arhopala centaurus nakula ♂ Up. Arhopala centaurus nakula ♂ Un. Arhopala centaurus nakula ♀ Up. Arhopala centaurus nakula ♀ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♀, Ranong, Thailand.
Arhopala centaurus nakula ♂ Up. Arhopala centaurus nakula ♂ Un. Arhopala centaurus nakula ♀ Up. Arhopala centaurus nakula ♀ Un.
♂, Surat Thani (Koh Phangan), Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

ON : Amblypodia nakula Felder & Felder, 1860
OD : Wien. ent. Monats. 4(12):395.
TL : Malacca interior. (♂, NHML)
Distribution : Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia,
Vietnam, W.Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, Singkep,
Nias, Sumatra, Belitung, Bangka, Dumaran, Calamian.
Arhopala centaurus nakula map

Synonym

Arhopala centaurus cervidius Fruhstorfer, 1914 : Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 27(4):158. TL. Borneo. (♂, NHML)


Type Material Information

nakula ; Lectotype ♂, #147896, Malacca interior. det by Gaonkar & Vane-Wright,2003. (NHML)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Arhopala centaurus ; Godfrey,1916 : 139. (Bangkok)
Arhopala centaurus ; Pendlebury,1923 : 45. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Tai Sai River; Khao Ram)
Amblypodia centaurus centaurus ; Godfrey,1927 : 126. (N)
Amblypodia centaurus centaurus ; Godfrey,1930 : 334. (Thailand)
Amblypodia centaurus ; Godfrey,1931 : 195. (Ko Tao)
Narathura centaurus centaurus ; Evans,1957 : 113. (Siam)
Narathura centaurus centaurus ; Shirozu & Saigusa,1962 : 50-51, pl.5, figs.39,♂,40,♂(Un), pl.6, fig.41,♀. Textfig.20,♂genitalia. (Doi Inthanon; Mae Hoi)
Arhopala pseudocentaurus nakula ; Pinratana,1981 : 75, pl.12, fig.1,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai; Ranong; Yala)
Arhopala pseudocentaurus nakula ; Seki,1986 : 12. (Ranong)
Arhopala pseudocentaurus nakula ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 258, figs.122,♂,123,♂(Un). (Mukdahan: Phu Pha Thaep; Phu Pha Phung; Ubon Ratchathani: Pha Taem; Kaeng Tana)
Arhopala pseudocentaurus nakula ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 35. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram; Phu Huay Sing; Nam Tok Tad Ton; Nam Tok Kham Cha I; Ban Na Lak; Ban Gok Tum; Ubon Ratchathani: Ban Ba Hai; Ban Na Pho Krang; Phu Chong Na Yoi; Kaeng Tana; Nam Tok Soi Sawan; Kaeng E-Keow; Phu Hin Dang)
Arhopala pseudocentaurus nakula ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 54. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram; Phu Hin Khan; Phu Huai Sing; Ubon Ratchathani: Warin Chamrap; Kaen Tana; Phu Chong Na Yoi; Ban Ba Hai)
Arhopala pseudocentaurus nakula ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 66, fig.85,♂. (Umphang)
Arhopala pseudocentaurus nakula ; Katsuyama et al.,2006 : 47, fig.62,♂. (Nan: Ban Nam Poon)
Arhopala pseudocentaurus nakula ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 600, pl.272, figs.L189,♂,♀,♀(Un). (Wang Chin; Yala)
Arhopala centaurus nakula ; Les Day,2011- : Butterflies of Koh Samui, figs. (Koh Samui) (accessed: 2022.04.30)
Arhopala centaurus nakula ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 632, pl.286, figs.L214,♂,♀,♀(Un). (Wang Chin; Yala)
Arhopala pseudocentaurus nakula ; Okamoto et.al.,2013 : 6. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Arhopala pseudocentaurus nakula ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 52, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Montatan WF; Doi Suthep; Nam Tok Mae Klang; Phu Khiew; Mouk Leok; Wan Nam Khiewo; Phu Hin Khan; Kao Saverb; Sai Yok Noi; A.C.House, Bangkok; Bangkok; Kam Puan; Khlong Naka; Ka Chong; Tarutao Is; Than To WF.)
Arhopala centaurus nakula ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs, Early Stages. (Trat; Chanthaburi; Chachoengsao) (accessed: 2022.04.30)
Arhopala centaurus nakula ; Chaianunporn & Chaianunporn,2019 : 85. (Chaiyaphum: Chulabhorn Dam)

[ LAOS ]
Arhopala pseudocentaurus nakula ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 73, col.pl.15,♂ ; pl.104, figs.B5,♂,B6,♂(Un),B7,♂[♀],B8,♀(Un). (Tha Ngone; Vientiane; Luang Prabang; Pakse)
Arhopala pseudocentaurus nakula ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 217, pl.116, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀. (Xiang Kouang; Saravan)
Arhopala pseudocentaurus nakula ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 47. (Thabok; Namdhua; Thabeng; Thakhek)
Arhopala centaurus nakula ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 54.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Arhopala pseudocentaurus ; Onodera,2007 : 29, fig.90,♂. (Siem Reap: Angkor)
Arhopala pseudocentaurus ; Onodera,2008 : 58. (Mondolkiri: Bousra)
Arhopala pseudocentaurus ; Onodera,2009 : 63,65. (Mondolkiri: Bousra; Siem Reap: Phnum Kulen)

[ VIETNAM ]
Arhopala centaurus ; Godfrey,1919 : 469. (S: Daban)
Amblypodia centaurus ; Lemee,1950 : 20. (Hagiang)
Amblypodia centaurus ; Metaye,1957 : 89. (S)
Narathura centaurus centaurus ; Inoué & Kawazoé,1964b : 375. (Thu Duc, Ho Chi Minh; Trang Bom, Dong Nai; Ba Diem)
Arhopala pseudocentaurus ; Ikeda et al.,2001 : 51, figs.4:1,♂,2,♂(Un),7:30(♂genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Arhopala pseudocentaurus ; Vu,2003 : 58. (Phu Quoc)
Arhopala pseudocentaurus pirithous ; Luong et al.,2004 : 11, 78, figs.♀,♀(Un),♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Arhopala pseudocentaurus ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 43. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi; Huong Thuy; Bach Ma)
Arhopala pseudocentaurus nakula ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,[2007] : 60, figs.L-72,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dai Duc Me; Bin Thuan: Dong Tien)
Arhopala centaurus nakula ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 59. (N / C / S)
Arhopala pseudocentaurus nakula ; Saito et al.,2017 ; 78. (S: Nui Cam; Nui Coto)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 9♂ 4♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 2♂ 1♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 5♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani (Koh Phangan dist.) : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Champasak : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sekong : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is very common in secondary and montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.10m - 1300m).


Literature

Felder, C. & Felder, R.,1860 : Lepidoptera nova in paeninsula Malayica collecta diagnosibus instructa.
Wien. ent. Monats. 4(12):394-402.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1914 : Neue Arhopala Rassen.
Deut. ent. Zeit. [Iris] 27(4):155-166.

Vane-Wright, R.I. & Gaonkar, H.,2006 : The Arhopala butterflies described by Fabricius:
A. centaurus is from Java, A. democritus from Phuket (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)
Entomological Science (2006)9:295-311.


Arhopala centaurus nakula ♂ Arhopala centaurus nakula ♂
♂, Trat, Thailand. ♂, Trat, Thailand.
Arhopala centaurus nakula ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1999.07.10 - 2022.05.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.