Rapala rhoecus ssp.  

Rapala rhoecus ssp. ♂ Up. Rapala rhoecus ssp. ♂ Un. Rapala rhoecus ssp. ♀ Up. Rapala rhoecus ssp. ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Rapala rhoecus ssp. ♂ Up. Rapala rhoecus ssp. ♂ Un. Rapala rhoecus ssp. ♀ Up. Rapala rhoecus ssp. ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.
Rapala rhoecus ssp. ♂ Up. Rapala rhoecus ssp. ♂ Un. Rapala rhoecus ssp. ♂ Up. Rapala rhoecus ssp. ♂ Un.
♂, Tak, Thailand. ♂, Luang Namtha, Laos.

ON : Rapala rhoecus ssp.
OD :
TL :
Distribution : S.Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam.

Synonym

Rapala sphinx intermedia Ollenbach,1921 : J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 28(1):131, pl.1, fig.13,♂. TL. Kalataung, Tavoy. (homonym)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Rapala rhaecus [sic] ; Riley & Godfrey,1921 : 186-187. (Prae: Me Song forest)
Rapala rhoecus ; Godfrey,1930 : 350. (Prae: Me Song forest)
Rapala elcia rhoecus ; Pinratana,1981 : 151, pl.28, figs.13,♂,14,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai / Loei) (in part)
Rapala rhoecus rhoecus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 716, pl.327, fig.L420,♂(left). (in part)
Rapala melida melida ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : pl.327, figs.L421,♀,♀(Un). (Nan) (in part)
Rapala rhoecus rhoecus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 762, pl.350, figs.L441,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Wiang Pa Pao)
Rapala melida melida ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : pl.350, figs.L442,♀,♀(Un). (Nan) (in part)
Rapala rhoecus intermedia ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 141, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un). (Tha Ton / Doi Chiang Dao)
Rapala rhoecus intermedia ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2019- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs., Early Stages. (Chiang Mai)

[ LAOS ]
Rapala elcia rhoecus ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 77, pl.109, figs.A3,A4. (Vang Vieng)
Rapala rhoecus ssp. ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 219. pl.128, fig.♂. (Vang Vieng)
Rapala rhoecus rhoecus ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 56.

[ VIETNAM ]
Rapala rhoecus ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 69. (C: Kon Thum)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 8♂ 8♀ (incl.photo & photo by T.Laola).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 6♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Luang Namtha : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at moderate elevations (alt.400m - 1300m) and is frequently found in open spaces along streams in the forest. Male makes a territory on the trees. My record of Rapala melida female from Nan was misidentification of this species.
Kimura et al.,2014 regarded population from continental area as ssp.intermedia Ollenbach,1921, however the name is a junior secondary homonym.

Literature

Ollenbach, O.C.,1921 : A list of butterflies collected in the Tavoy district, Burma.
J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 28(1):123-139, 1 pl.

Rapala rhoecus ssp. ♂ Rapala rhoecus ssp. ♂
♂, Lampang, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Rapala rhoecus ssp. ♂ Rapala rhoecus ssp. ♂
♂, Lampang, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

2020.09.30.
A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.