Cigaritis maximus  (Elwes,[1893])

Cigaritis maximus ♂ Up. Cigaritis maximus ♂ Un. Cigaritis maximus ♀ Up. Cigaritis maximus ♀ Un.
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Cigaritis maximus ♂ Up. Cigaritis maximus ♂ Un. Cigaritis maximus ♀ Up. Cigaritis maximus ♀ Un.
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♀, Phrae, Thailand.
Cigaritis maximus ♂ Up. Cigaritis maximus ♂ Un. Cigaritis maximus ♀ Up. Cigaritis maximus ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Phrae, Thailand.
Cigaritis maximus ♂ Up. Cigaritis maximus ♂ Un. Cigaritis maximus ♂ genitalia Cigaritis maximus ♂ genitalia
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂ genitalia, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

ON : Aphnaeus vulcans var.maximus Elwes,[1893]
OD : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1892(4):637-638, pl.43, fig.5♀.
TL : Karen Hills.



Distribution :
Myanmar (Shan States to Dawna), Thailand, Laos.
maximus map

Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Spindasis maximus ; Godfrey,1927 : 126. (N)
Spindasis maximus ; Godfrey,1930 : 341. (Chiang Mai)
Spindasis maximus ; Pinratana,1981 : 111, pl.20, figs.2♀,3♀(Un). (Chiang Mai / Chiyaphum / Nakhon Nayok / Tak)
Spindasis maximus ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 66, fig.88♂. (Umphang)
Spindasis maximus ; Katsuyama et al.,2006 : 47, fig.68♂. (Nan: Mae Charim ; Ban Nam Poon)
Spindasis maximus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 594, pl.268, figs.L171,♂,♂,♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Cigaritis maximus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 622, pl.281, figs.L196,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Spindasis maximus ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 146, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Tha Ton / Phu Khiewo / Nakohn Nayok / Pha Who)
Cigaritis maximus ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig. (Chiang Mai)

[ LAOS ]
Spindasis maximus ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 75, pl.106, fig.B3♀(Un). (Luang Prabang)
Spindasis maximus ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 218, pl.122, figs.♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Xam Neua / Thabok)
Spindasis maximus ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 53.


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 7♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai (alt.550 - 1600m) : 8♂ 13♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♂ (photo by A.Giudici).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchaburi : 1♂ (photo by T.Aoyama).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is common in semi-dried forest at low to moderate elevations. Male makes a territory around forest edge at 1:00 - 4:00 PM.

Literature

Elwes, H.J.,[1893] : On butterflies collected by Mr. W.Doherty in the Naga and Karen Hills and Perak, Part.2.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1892(4):617-664, pls.43,44.

Cigaritis maximus ♂ Cigaritis maximus ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Cigaritis maximus ♂ Cigaritis maximus ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Cigaritis maximus ♂ Cigaritis maximus ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Cigaritis maximus ♂ Cigaritis maximus ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Cigaritis maximus ♂ Cigaritis maximus ♂
♂, Tak, Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici) ♂, Phetchaburi, Thailand. (photo by T.Aoyama)

1999.07.18 - 2019.08.31.
A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.