Iraota timoleon timoleon  (Stoll,[1790])

Iraota timoleon timoleon ♂ Up. Iraota timoleon timoleon ♂ Un. Iraota timoleon timoleon ♀ Up. Iraota timoleon timoleon ♀ Un.
♂, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. ♀, Tak, Thailand.
Iraota timoleon timoleon ♂ Up. Iraota timoleon timoleon ♂ Un. Iraota timoleon timoleon ♀ Up. Iraota timoleon timoleon ♀ Un.
♂, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. ♀, Chanthaburi, Thailand.
Iraota timoleon timoleon ♂ Up. Iraota timoleon timoleon ♂ Un. Iraota timoleon timoleon ♀ Up. Iraota timoleon timoleon ♀ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀, Sekong, Laos.

ON : Papilio timoleon Stoll,[1790]
OD : in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen Aanh. :146, pl.32, fig.4,4D.
TL : China.



Distribution : India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia,
Vietnam, S.China.
Iraota timoleon timoleon map

Synonyms

Hesperia maecenas Fabricius,1793 : Ent. syst. 3(1):271. TL. China.
Thecla nila Kollar,[1844] : in Hugel, Kaschmir. 4(2):413, pl.4, figs.5,6. TL. Massuri, Himaleya.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; Pinratana,1981 : 109, pl.19, figs.9♂,10♀(Un). (Chiang Mai / Bangkok / Mae Hong Son / Nakhon Nayok / Phrae / Ubon Ratchathani)
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 658, pl.300, figs.L304,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Suthep / Sam Phran)
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 696, pl.318, figs.L328,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Suthep / Sam Phran)
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 92, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Wiang Pa Pao / Phu Kradung / Nakohn Nayok / Kao Soi Dao / Phra Chorp Kirikan)
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs, Early Stages. (Kamphaeng Phet / Chiang Mai / Chanthaburi)

[ LAOS ]
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 74, pl.106, figs.A1♂[♀].A2♂[♀](Un). (Vang Vieng)
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 217, pl.121, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀. (Xam Neua / Saravan)
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 54.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Iraota timoleon ; Onodera,2008 : 58. (Mondolkiri: Bousra)
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 130. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Iraota timoleon ; Joannis,1901 : 326. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Iraota timoleon maecenas ; Inoué & Kawazoé,1964b : 388, pl.19, figs.147♀,148♀(Un). (Dong Nai: Dinh Quan / Lam Dong: Col de Blao)
Iraota timoleon maecenas ; Hao et al.,2004 : 11, 80, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,[2007] : 64, fig.L-105,♀. (Lam Dong: Bao Loc)
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; Miyazaki et al.,2010 : 25, fig.L-105♂. (Lam Dong: Dambri)
Iraota timoleon maecenas ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 63. (N / C)
Iraota timoleon timoleon ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 63. (S)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 5♂ 3♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 5♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Sekong : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations and is frequently found on the hill-top. Male makes a territory on the trees at 11:30 - 14:30.

Literature

Stoll, C.,[1787]-[1790] : in Cramer, Uitlandsche Kapellen.
voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America, by een verzameld en bescreeven.
Suppl. (1):1-42, pl.1-8,[1787] ; (2-5):43-184, pl.9-42,[1790]

Fabricius, J.C.,1793 : Entomologia systematica emedata et aucta. secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus.
3(1): [iv] + 488 pp. Copenhagen. C.G.Proft.

Kollar, V.,[1844] : Aufzahlung und Beschreibung der von Frciherrn Carl v. Hugel auf seiner Reise durch Kaschmir und das Himaleyagebirge gesammelten Insecten.
in Hugel, Kaschmir und das Reich der Siek.
Stuttgart, Hallbergerische Verlagshandlung 4(2):393-564, 582-585, pl.1-28.

Iraota timoleon timoleon ♂ Iraota timoleon timoleon ♀
♂, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Iraota timoleon timoleon ♂ Iraota timoleon timoleon ♂
♂, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. ♂, Kanchanaburi, Thailand.
Iraota timoleon timoleon ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1999.07.18 - 2020.01.31.
A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.