Niphanda asialis ssp.  

Niphanda asialis ♂ Up. Niphanda asialis ♂ Un. Niphanda asialis ♀ Up. Niphanda asialis ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Niphanda asialis ♂ Up. Niphanda asialis ♂ Un. Niphanda asialis ♀ Up. Niphanda asialis ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand. (photo by M.Hayashi)
Niphanda asialis ♂ Up. Niphanda asialis ♂ Un. Niphanda asialis ♂ Up. Niphanda asialis ♂ Un.
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♂, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)

ON : Niphanda asialis ssp.
OD :
TL :
Distribution : India to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Yunnan.

Niphanda asialis map

Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Niphanda cymbia marcia ; Godfrey,1916 : 137. (Prae: Mae Song forest)
Niphanda fusca marcia ; Fruhstorfer,1915-1924 : 901. (Siam)
Niphanda asialis marcia ; Pinratana,1981 : 69, pl.11, figs.7,♂,8,♀,9,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Niphanda asialis marcia ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 66, fig.83,♂. (Umphang: Tha Sai; Umphang)
Niphanda asialis marcia ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 588, pl.266, figs.L157,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai; Umphang)
Niphanda asialis marcia ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 612, pl.277, figs.L180,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai; Umphang)
Niphanda asialis marcia ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 154, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao; Maethro; Phu Khiewo; Kao Soi Dao)
Niphanda asialis ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai) (accessed: 2021.06.26)

[ LAOS ]
Niphanda asialis marcia ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 73, pl.104, figs.A7,♂,A8,♂(Un). (Vang Vieng)
Niphanda asialis marcia ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 216, pl.112, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀. (Oudomxay)
Niphanda asialis ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 52.

[ VIETNAM ]
Niphanda asialis ; Miyazaki et al.,2010 : 28, figs.L-164,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri)
Niphanda asialis ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 54. (by literature)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ching Mai : 12♂ 2♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 5♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 1♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Nayok : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Vientiane : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lam Dong : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.450m - 1200m) and is found frequently on the hilltops. Male makes a territory on the trees.
Continental taxon is often treated as marcia, however Eliot,1981 mentioned it should be treated as a nomen dubium. It seems to be different taxon from the populations of W.Malaysia and Sumatra. Thus the name for the continental subspecies is lost temporarily. Further taxonomic study is needed.


Literature

de Nicéville, C.L.A.,1895 : On new and little-known Lepidoptera from the Indo-Malayan Region, (1).
J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 10(1):13-40, pls.R,S,T.

Fawcett, J.M.,1904 : On some New and Little-known Butterflies, mainly from high elevations in the N.E. Himalayas.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1904(2)(1):134-141, pl.9.

Eliot, J.N.,1981 : On some butterfies from Malaysia and Peninsular Thailand.
Malay. nat. J. 38(2):99-111.


Niphanda asialis ♂ Niphanda asialis ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Niphanda asialis ♂ Niphanda asialis ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Niphanda asialis ♂ Niphanda asialis ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂ (territorial behavior), Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1999.07.11 - 2021.08.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.