Nacaduba kurava euplea  Fruhstorfer,1916

Nacaduba kurava euplea ♂ Up. Nacaduba kurava euplea ♂ Un. Nacaduba kurava euplea ♀ Up. Nacaduba kurava euplea ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Nacaduba kurava euplea ♂ Up. Nacaduba kurava euplea ♂ Un. Nacaduba kurava euplea ♀ Up. Nacaduba kurava euplea ♀ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand.
Nacaduba kurava euplea ♂ Up. Nacaduba kurava euplea ♂ Un. Nacaduba kurava euplea ♂ genitalia Nacaduba kurava euplea ♂ genitalia
♂, Nan, Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici) ♂ genitalia, Nan, Thailand.

ON : Nacaduba perusia euplea Fruhstorfer,1916
OD : Zool. Meded. 2(14):133.
TL : Sikkim. (NHML)
Distribution : Nepal, Sikkim to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos,
Cambodia, Vietnam, S.China, Andamans, Nicobars.

● ssp.euplea
ssp.nemana
Nacaduba kurava euplea map

Synonyms

Nacaduba kurava euplea forma evansi Toxopeus,1927 : Treubia 9(4):424-425. TL. E.Dawnas. (dry season form) (NHML) (IFS)
Nacaduba kurava ataranica Toxopeus,1927 : Treubia 9(4):425. TL. Ataran Valley. (dry season form) (NHML)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Nacaduba atrata euplea ; Godfrey,1927 : 125. (N)
Nacaduba atrata euplea ; Godfrey,1930 : 322. (Chiang Rai: Phar Mieng)
Nacaduba kurava euplea ; Pinratana,1981 : 62, pl.10, fig.15,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai; Chanthaburi; Nakhon Ratchasima)
Nacaduba kurava nemana ; Pinratana,1981 : 62. (Chiang Mai; Nakhon Nayok; Nakhon Ratchasima) (in part)
Nacaduba kurava euplea ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 35, fig.102,♂. (Mukdahan: Ban Na Lak; Ubon Ratchathani: Phu Chong Na Yoi; Kaeng E-Keow; Phu Hin Dang)
Nacaduba berenice aphya ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 582, pl.264, figs.L137a♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un). (Wang Chin; Wiang Pa Pao)
Nacaduba kurava nemana ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 582. (Nakhon Nayok) (in part)
Nacaduba kurava euplea ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 604, pl.273, figs.L159a♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un). (Nan; Omkoi; Wang Chin; Wiang Pa Pao)
Nacaduba kurava euplea ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 159, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Suthep; Khun Lao Village; Phu Kradung; Naokhn Nayok; Wan Nam Khiewo; Kao Soi Dao; Kao Khiewo; Erawan WF.)
Nacaduba kurava euplea ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai; Kamphaeng Phet; Sa Kaeo) (accessed: 2021.05.12)
Nacaduba kurava euplea ; Chaianunporn & Chaianunporn,2019 : 85. (Chaiyaphum: Chulabhorn Dam)

[ LAOS ]
Nacaduba kurava euplea ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 72, pl.103, figs.A7,♀,A8,♀(Un). (Vang Vieng)
Nacaduba kurava euplea ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 215, pl.111, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Xam Neua)
Nacaduba kurava euplea ; Onodera,2009b : 37. (Houaphan: Phu Phan)
Nacaduba kurava euplea ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 52.
Nacaduba kurava ; Suwa et al.,2019 : 30. (Oudomsay; Chamlong; Luang Prabang; Mt.Phoufa; Nachan; Thabok; Tham Piu)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Nacaduba kurava euplea ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 130. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Nacaduba atrata ; Metaye,1957 : 90. (no loc.)
Nacaduba kurava euplea ; Ikeda et al.,2001 : 51, figs.3:13,♂,14,♂(Un),6:23(♂genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Nacaduba kurava euplea ; Hao et al.,2004 : 10, 76, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Nacaduba kurava ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 43. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi; Huong Thuy; Phong Dien)
Nacaduba kurava euplea ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,[2007] : 57, figs.L-55,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dong Nai: Thac Mai)
Nacaduba kurava euplea ; Nihira,2009 : 100. (Phu Quoc)
Nacaduba kurava euplea ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 53. (N / C / S)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 4♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 18♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Nayok : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Champasak : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is very common in montane forest at low to high elevations (alt.350m - 1600m) and is frequently found on the hilltops.

Literature

Fruhstorfer, H.,1916 : Revision der Gattung Nacaduba auf Grund der Morphologie der Generationsorgane
Zool. Meded. 2(14):103-140, pl.4-5.

Toxopeus, L.J.,1927 : Lycaenidae Australasiae III
Treubia 9(4):423-435.

Tite, G.E.,1963 : A Synonymic List of the Genus Nacaduba and Allied Genera (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae).
Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 13(4):69-116, 91 tf, 2 pls. London.

Nacaduba kurava euplea ♂
♂, Nan, Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici)

1999.07.11 - 2021.06.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.