Nacaduba pactolus continentalis  Fruhstorfer,1916

Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♂ Up. Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♂ Un. Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♀ Up. Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♀ Un.
♂, Tak, Thailand. ♀, Mae Hong Son, Thailand.
Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♂ Up. Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♂ Un. Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♀ Up. Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♂ Up. Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♂ Un. Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♀ Up. Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♀ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀, Chanthaburi, Thailand.
Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♂ Up. Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♂ Un. Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♀ Up. Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♀ Un.
♂, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand. ♀, Ranong, Thailand.
Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♂ Up. Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♂ Un. Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♀ Up. Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♀ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Yala, Thailand.

ON : Nacaduba pactolus continentalis Fruhstorfer,1916
OD : Zool. Meded. 2(2):114.
TL : Sikkim ; Bhutan ; Assam ; Birma.
Distribution : Nepal, S.India, Bhutan, Sikkim, Assam, Myanmar,
Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Yunnan.
Nacaduba pactolus continentalis map

Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ; Godfrey,1930 : 321. (Prae: Me Song forest; Chiang Rai: Phar Mieng)
Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ; Pinratana,1981 : 61, pl.10, figs.10,♂,11,♀(Un). (Chanthaburi; Chiang Mai; Nakhon Ratchasima; Tak)
Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 54, fig.26,♂. (Ubon Ratchathani: Phu Pung)
Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 580, pl.262, figs.L129,♂,♂(Un). (in part)
Nacaduba pendleburyi pendleburyi ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 580, pl.263, figs.L130,♀,♀(Un). (Ranong)
Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ; Les Day,2011 - : Butterflies of Koh Samui, fig. (Koh Samui) (accessed: 2021.05.12)
Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 602, pl.273, figs.L154,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Trat; Ranong)
Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 157, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Suthep; Thung Saleng Luang; Phu Khiewo; Nakohn Nayok; Kao Soi Dao; Kratchin WF; Doi Musso)
Nacaduba pactolus odon ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 157, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Khlong Naka; Ka Chong; Than To WF.)
Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai; Sa Kaeo; Ratchaburi) (accessed: 2021.05.08)

[ LAOS ]
Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 72, pl.103, figs.A3,♂,A4,♂(Un),A5,♀,A6,♀(Un). (Nam Moh; Nam Tan; Tha Ngone; Luang Prabang)
Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 215, pl.111, fig.♂(Un). (Lak Sao)
Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 52.

[ VIETNAM ]
Nacaduba pactolus ; Metaye,1957 : 90. (no loc.)
Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,[2007] : 56, fig.L-50,♀. (Lam Dong: Gung Re)
Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ; Miyazaki et al.,2010 : 25, fig.L-50,♂. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Gung Re)
Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 53. (C / S)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 12♂ 5♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 7♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 3♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Si Thammarat : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 4♂ 1♀ (incl.photo by S.Atdhabhan).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.100m - 1000m). Males are territorial on trees at hilltops and frequently come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water.
Kimura et al.,2014 regarded population from Peninsular Thailand as ssp.odon, however I could not find any differences from the continental population. Therefore, I consider all populations from Thailand are ssp.continentalis.


Literature

Fruhstorfer, H.,1916 : Revision der Gattung Nacaduba auf Grund der Morphologie der Generationsorgane
Zool. Meded. 2(14):103-140, pl.4-5.

Tite, G.E.,1963 : A Synonymic List of the Genus Nacaduba and Allied Genera (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae).
Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Ent.) 13(4):69-116, 91 tf, 2 pls. London.


Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♂ Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♂ Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Phetchabun, Thailand.
Nacaduba pactolus continentalis ♂
♂, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan)

1999.07.11 - 2021.06.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.