Zizeeria karsandra  (Moore,1865)

Zizeeria karsandra ♂ Up. Zizeeria karsandra ♂ Un. Zizeeria karsandra ♀ Up. Zizeeria karsandra ♀ Un.
♂, Roiet, Thailand. ♀, Tak, Thailand.
Zizeeria karsandra ♂ Up. Zizeeria karsandra ♂ Un. Zizeeria karsandra ♀ Up. Zizeeria karsandra ♀ Un.
♂, Bangkok, Thailand. ♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand.

ON : Polyommatus karsandra Moore,1865
OD : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1865(2):505, pl.31, fig.7.
TL : Plains of N.W.India. (NHML)
Distribution : Egypt to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Hainan, China,
Formosa, W.Malaysia to New Guinea, N. & E. Australia.

Synonyms

Lampides neis Walker,1870 : Entomologist 5:54. TL. Wady Genneh, Arabia. (♂)
Lycaena conformis Butler,1877 : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1877(3):469. TL. Cape Yoork. (NHML)
Zizera ishigakiana Matsumura,1929 : Ins. matsumur. 3(2/3):105-106. TL. Ishigakijima, Japan. (EIHU)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Zizera karsandra ; Davidson & Macbeth,1938 : 79. (Lampang: Me Htam forest)
Zizeeria knysna karsandra ; Shirozu & Saigusa,1962 : 85, pl.16, figs.123,♂,124,♂(Un),125,♀,126,♀(Un),Textfig.43,♂genitalia. (Chieng Mai / Bangkok)
Zizeeria knysna karsandra ; Kawazoé,1964 : 152-153. (C: Tom Buri)
Zizeeria karsandra ; Pinratana,1981 : 51, pl.7, fig.30,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai / Nakhon Ratchasima / Ratchaburi)
Zizeeria karsandra ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 568, pl.257, figs.L101,♂,♂(Un),♂,♀,♀(Un). (Bangkok / Chanthaburi)
Zizeeria karsandra ; Les Day,2011 - : Butterflies of Koh Samui, figs. (Koh Samui) (accessed: 2021.01.30)
Zizeeria karsandra ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 588, pl.266, figs.L126,♂,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Bangkok / Chanthaburi)
Zizeeria karsandra ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 181, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Inthanon / Phu Khiewo / Thoen / Bang Phra / Pattaya / Bangkok / Sai Yok Noi / Tarutao Is. / Than To WF.)

[ LAOS ]
Zizeeria karsandra ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 70. not fig. (List only)
Zizeeria karsandra ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 215, pl.108, fig.♂(Un). (Xiang Khouang)
Zizeeria karsandra ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 45-46. (Nhahin)
Zizeeria karsandra ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 52, pl.14, figs.Ly-52,♀,♀(Un). (Phou Bia)

[ VIETNAM ]
Zizeeria karsandra ; Ikeda et al.,2001 : 48, figs.2:13,♂,14,♂(Un),6:13(♂genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Zizeeria karsandra ; Hao et al.,2004 : 9. (Cuc Phuong)
Zizeeria karsandra karsandra ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,[2007] : 52, fig.L-21,♂. (Ho Chi Minh)
Zizeeria karsandra karsandra ; Miyazaki et al.,2010 : 25, fig.L-21♀. (Bin Thuan: Dong Tien)
Zizeeria karsandra ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 51. (N / C: Lam Dong / S)
Zizeeria karsandra ; Saito et al.,2017 ; 80. (S: Nui Coto / Nui Ket)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Roiet : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Bangkok : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani (Koh Phangan dist.) : 1♂ (photo by A.Giudici).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is not rare locally in fields, wasteland and roadside around secondary forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.50m - 1000m).

Literature

Moore, F.,1865 : List of Diurnal Lepidoptera collected by Capt. A.M.Lang in the N.W. Himalayas.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1865(2):486-511, pls.30,31.

Walker, F.,1870 : A list of the Butterflies collected by J.K. Lord Esq. in Egypt, along the African shore of the Red Sea, and in Arabia; with descriptions of the Species new to Science
Entomologist 5(76):48-57.

Butler, A.G.,1877 : On a Collection of Lepidoptera from Cape York and the south-east Coast of New Guinea.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1877(3):466-475.

Matsumura, S.,1929 : New butterflies from Japan, Korea and Formosa.
Ins. matsumur. 3(2/3):87-107, pl.4.

Zizeeria karsandra ♂
♂, Surat Thani (Koh Phangan dist.), Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici)

1999.07.04 - 2021.01.31.
A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.