Callenya melaena melaena  (Doherty,1899)

Callenya melaena melaena ♂ Up. Callenya melaena melaena ♂ Un. Callenya melaena melaena ♀ Up. Callenya melaena melaena ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Callenya melaena melaena ♂ Up. Callenya melaena melaena ♂ Un. Callenya melaena melaena ♀ Up. Callenya melaena melaena ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (wsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Callenya melaena melaena ♂ Up. Callenya melaena melaena ♂ Un. Callenya melaena melaena ♀ Up. Callenya melaena melaena ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Nakhon Nayok, Thailand. (photo by K.Yano)
Callenya melaena melaena ♂ Up. Callenya melaena melaena ♂ Un. Callenya melaena melaena ♂ Up. Callenya melaena melaena ♂ Un.
♂ (wsf), Sekong, Laos. ♂ (wsf), Sa Kaeo, Thailand. (photo by K.Yano)

ON : Cyaniris melaena Doherty,1899
OD : J. asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt.2. 58(4):434-435, pl.23, fig.13,♂.
TL : Tenasserim.



Distribution : India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam.
melaea map

Synonyms

Cyaniris melaenoides Tytler,1915 : J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 24(1):121, pl.3, fig.28,♂. TL. Manipur, India.
Lycaenopsis minima Evans,1932 : Ident. Indian Butts. (2nd ed.) :222. TL. Manipur, India. (NHML)


Type Materials Information

melaena ; Holotype ♂, Tenasserim Valley, Burma.
melaenoides ; Lectotype ♂, Manipur, India. designated by Eliot & Kawazoé,1983. (NHML)
minima ; Lectotype ♂, Manipur, India. designated by Eliot & Kawazoé,1983. (NHML)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
"Callenya melaena melaena ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 562, pl.255, figs.L87,♂(Laos),♂(Un,Laos),♀(Laos),♀(Un,Laos)."
Callenya melaena melaena ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 582, pl.263, figs.L112,♂,♂(Un),♀(Laos). (Doi Suthep) (in part)
Callenya melaena melaena ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 191, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Doi Suthep / Nakohn Nayok / Kao Soi Dao)
Callenya melaena melaena ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2016- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs., Early Stages. (Chiang Mai / Phetchabun / Sa Kaeo) (accessed: 2021.01.30)

[ LAOS ]
Callenya melaena ssp. ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 215, pl.109, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀. (Oudomxay / Lak Sao / Nhahin)
Callenya lenya lenya ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 215, pl.109, figs.♀,♀(Un). (Thateng)
Callenya lenya lenya ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 46. (Namdhua / Thabeng / Thakhek)
Callenya melaena melaena ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 51.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Callenya lenya lenya ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 130. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Callenya lenya ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 42. (Thua Thien Hue: Huong Thuy)
Callenya lenya ssp. ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,[2007] : 53, figs.L-25,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri ; Dai Duc Me)
Callenya melaena ssp. ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,[2007] : 53, figs.L-26,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri ; Gung Re)
Callenya melaena ssp. ; Miyazaki et al.,2010 : 19.
Callenya melaena melaena ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 50. (N: Vinh Phuc / C: Nghe An to Lam Dong / S)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 15♂ 3♀ (incl.photo & photo by T.Laola).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Nayok : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sa Kaeo : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Sekong : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Champasak : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at moderate to high elevations (alt. 700m - 1600m).
The species has prominent seasonal forms. Dry season form : Male has lighter and less shining blue and often with white scales on the upperside of the both wings. Female has broad white patches on the upperside of the both wings. Wet season form : Male has darker and strong shining blue. Female has restricted white patch on the UpF.

Literature

Doherty, W.,1889 : On certain Lycaenidae from Lower Tenasserim.
J. asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt.2. 58(4):409-440, 2 pls.

Tytler, H.C.,1915 : Notes on some new and interesting Butterflies from Manipur and the Naga Hills.
J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 24(1):119-155, pls.3,4, 29 figs.

Evans, W.H.,1932 : The identification of Indian butterflies. second edition revised.
Bombay nat. Hist. Soc., Madras : 10+454pp, 32 pls, 9 figs.

Callenya melaena melaena ♂ Callenya melaena melaena ♂+♀
♂ (wsf), Phetchabun, Thailand. ♂+♀ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Callenya melaena melaena ♂ Callenya melaena melaena ♂
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1999.06.25 - 2021.01.31.
A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.