Neopithecops zalmora zalmora   (Butler,[1870])


ON : Pithecops zalmora  Butler,[1870]
OD : Cat. diurn. Lep. Fabricius Br. Mus. :161.
TL : Moulmein. (BMNH)
Distribution : N.W.India to Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia,
Laos, Vietnam, S.China, Formosa, Malay Pen., Sumatra, Batu,
Nias, Bangka, Borneo, Philippines. (Java)


Synonyms

Pithecops nihana  Moore,1878 : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(3):702.  TL. Hainan. (BMNH)
Neopithecops horsfieldi  Distant,1884 : Rhop. malayana : 210, pl.22, fig.15.  TL. Singapore.
Pithecops zalmora fedora  Fruhstorfer,1919 : Arch. Naturgesch. (A)83(1):83.  TL. Formosa. (BMNH)
Pithecops zalmora dolona  Fruhstorfer,1919 : Arch. Naturgesch. (A)83(1):83.  TL. Hong Kong.
Pithecops zalmora colutha  Fruhstorfer,1919 : Arch. Naturgesch. (A)83(1):84.  TL. Luzon ; Palawan. (BMNH)
* Neopithecops zalmora batuana  Riley,1944 : Trans. R. ent. Soc. Lond. 94(2):256.  TL. Batu Is. ; Pulau Tello. (BMNH)


Type Materials Information

zalmora  ; Holotype Š, Moulmein, Burma. (BMNH)
nihana  ; Lectotype ‰, Hainan. designated by Eliot & Kawazoe,1983. (BMNH)
horsfieldi  ; Holotype ‰, Singapore.
dolona  ; Lectotype ‰, Hong kong. designated by Eliot & Kawazoe,1983.
fedora  ; Lectotype ‰, Taiwan. designated by Eliot & Kawazoe,1983. (BMNH)
colutha  ; Lectotype ‰, Palawan, Philippines. designated by Eliot & Kawazoe,1983. (BMNH)
batuana  ; Holotype ‰, Batu Is. ; Pulau Tello. (BMNH)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Neopithecops zalmora ; Godfrey,1916 : 135. (Muak Lek ; East: Pak Jong)
Neopithecops zalmora ; Pendlebury,1923 : 44. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Khao Ram ; Khao Luang)
Neopithecops zalmora zalmora ; Godfrey,1930 : 314.
  (Prae: Me Song forest / Chieng Rai / East: Muak Lek / Nakon Sri Thammarat)
Neopithecops zalmora zalmora ; Godfrey,1932a : 271. (Peninsular)
Neopithecops zalmora zalmora ; Pinratana,1981 : 48, 164, pl.7, figs.18‰,19Š(dsf),20Š(Un).
  (Chiang Mai / Chaiyaphum / Nakhon Nayok / Ranong / Satun / Trang)
Neopithecops zalmora zalmora ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 257, fig.176,‰. (Mukdahan: Phu Mu)
Neopithecops zalmora zalmora ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 34. (Ubon Ratchathani: Phu Chong Na Yoi ; Kaeng E-Keow)
Neopithecops zalmora zalmora ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 561, pl.254, fig.L81,‰(Malaysia),‰(Un,Malaysia),‰(dsf),Š(dsf).
  (Chiang Mai: Doi Inthanon / Chiang Rai: Wiang Pa Pao)

[ LAOS ]
Neopithecops zalmora zalmora ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 70, pl.100, figs.A11‰[Š],A12Š(Un). (Tha Ngone / Luang Prabang)
Neopithecops zalmora zalmora ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 215, pl.109, fig.‰(Un). (Nhahin)
Neopithecops zalmora zalmora ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 46. (Namdhua / Thakhek)
Neopithecops zalmora zalmora ; Onodera,2009b : 43. (Bolikhamxai: Phon Si)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Neopithecops zalmora ; Onodera,2007 : 23,25, fig.79‰. (Rattanakiri: Veun Sai; Ou Chum)
Neopithecops zalmora ; Onodera,2009 : 67. (Siem Reap: Phnum Kulen)

[ VIETNAM ]
Pithecops zalmora gaura ; Fruhstorfer,1915-1924 : 880. (S.Annam)
Neopithecops zalmora ; Godfrey,1919 : 469. (Daban)
Pithecops zalmora ; Lemee,1950 : 19. (Hanoi)
Pithecops zalmora zalmora ; Metaye,1957 : 91. (no loc.)
Pithecops zalmora zalmora f.hib.gaura ; Metaye,1957 : 91. (no loc.)
Neopithecops zalmora zalmora ; Ikeda et al.,2001 : 48, figs.2:3‰,4‰(Un),5Š,6:10(‰genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Neopithecops zalmora zalmora ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,[2007] : 52, figs.L-24,‰,Š. (Lam Dong: Dambri ; Madagui / Dong Nai: Thac Mai)
Neopithecops zalmora zalmora ; Nihira,2009 : 101. (Phu Quoc)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
 Mae Hong Son, Ban Na Plachat.   1984.03.13      1Š   Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Mae Hong Son, Ban Ten Doi.      1991.10.30  4‰       P.Sukkit   (YI)
 Mae Hong Son, Ban Huai Pung.    1993.02.10  1‰       P.Sukkit   (YI)
 Kanchanaburi, Sai Yok Noi.      1984.03.20      1Š   Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.      1983.03.25      1Š   Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.      1983.03.28      1Š   Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao.      1983.05.19  1‰       A.M.Cotton (YI)
 Ranong, Bo Nam Ron.             1983.03.22  2‰ 1Š   Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Ranong, Klong Nakha.            1983.03.16  1‰       Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Ranong, Klong Nakha.            1983.03.18  1‰       Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Ranong, Klong Nakha.            1983.03.19      1Š   Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Yala, Than To.                  1992.03.18  1‰       S.Ruangrit (YI)
 Yala, Than To.                  1987.03.22  1‰       Y.Inayoshi (YI)

[ LAOS ]
 Pakse, Wairushi Waterfall.      1996.03.23  1‰       Y.Inayoshi (YI)

Notes
Literature

Butler, A.G.,[1870] : Catalogueof diurnal Lepidoptera described by Fabricius in the collection of the British Museum.
British Museum, Londln : v + 303pp, 3 pls.

Moore, F.,1878 : List of Lepidopterous Insects collected by the late R.Swinhoe in the Island of Hainan.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(3):695-708.

Distant, W.L.,1882-1886 : Rhopalocera Malayana : a Description of the Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula.
London, Author, Penang, Logan : xvi+482+[4]pp, 46 pls.

Fruhstorfer, H.,[1919] : Revision der Artengruppe Pithecops auf Grund der Morphologie der Klammerorgane.
Arch. Naturgesch. (A)83(1):77-84, 4 figs.

1999.06.25 - 2011.03.15.