Castalius rosimon rosimon  (Fabricius,1775)

Castalius rosimon rosimon ♂ Up. Castalius rosimon rosimon ♂ Un. Castalius rosimon rosimon ♀ Up. Castalius rosimon rosimon ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Kanchanaburi, Thailand.
Castalius rosimon rosimon ♂ Up. Castalius rosimon rosimon ♂ Un. Castalius rosimon rosimon ♀ Up. Castalius rosimon rosimon ♀ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♀, Ranong, Thailand.

ON : Papilio rosimon Fabricius,1775
OD : Syst. Ent. :523.
TL : India.



Distribution : Sri Lanka, S.India to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia,
Vietnam, S.China, Hainan, Hong Kong, Langkawi, W.Malaysia, Tioman,
Singapore, Andamans, Nicobars, Sumatra, Bangka, Borneo, Java, Bali,
Lesser Sunda, Timor, Sulawesi.
Castalius rosimon rosimon map

Synonyms

Papilio maimon Fabricius,1775 : Syst. Ent. :534. TL. "Asia"
Papilio clyton Cramer,1775 : Uitl. Kapellen 1:105, pl.67, figs.F.G. TL. Oost-Indien.
Papilio coridon Stoll,[1781] : in Cramer, Uitl. Kapellen 4 (29-31):97, pl.340, figs.C,D,E(Un). TL. "Coromandel" (homonym)
Castalius naxus Hubner,[1819] : Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (5):70.
Castalius chota Swinhoe,1885 : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1885(1):133. TL. Poona.
Castalius approximatus Butler,1886 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)18:186. TL. Katha, Irrawaddy, Burma.
Castalius rosimon f.godarti Fruhstorfer,1918 : Tijdschr. Ent. 61:27. TL. Savu.
Castalius rosimon alarbus Fruhstorfer,[1922] : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:886. TL. Andamans.
Castalius rosimon baghavus Fruhstorfer,[1922] : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:886. TL. N.E.Sumatra ; Bangka.
Castalius rosimon adoniram Fruhstorfer,[1922] : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:886. TL. E.Java.
Castalius rosimon sostrus Fruhstorfrer,[1922] : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:886. TL. Bali.
Castalius rosimon catrionus Fruhstorfer,[1922] : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:886. TL. Lombok ; Sumbawa.
Castalius rosimon silas Fruhstorfer,[1922] : in Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 9:886. TL. Sulawesi.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Castalius rosimon ; Godfrey,1916 : 137.
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Fruhstorfer,1915-1924 : 885. (Siam)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Godfrey,1927 : 125. (N)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Godfrey,1930 : 315. (Thailand)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Godfrey,1932a : 271. (P)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Shirozu & Saigusa,1962 : 62-63, pl.10, figs.75[71],♂,76[72],♂(Un),77[73],♀,78[74],♀(Un), Textfig.28,♂genitalia. (Srakeo / Kamphangpet / Thoen / Li / Chieng Mai / Doi Inthanon / Mae Hoi / Lampun)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Kawazoé,1964 : 147. (N: Chieng Mai ; Ping Kong ; Ban Tak)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Pinratana,1981 : 36, 160, pl.5, figs.26,♂,27,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai / Chaiyaphum / Chonburi / Ranong / Ratchaburi)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 257, fig.171,♂. (Mukdahan: Phu Mu)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 32. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram ; Phu Huay Sing ; Ban Na Lak / Ubon Ratchathani: Ban Ba Hai ; Ban Na Pho Krang ; Kaeng Tana ; Kaeng E-Keow ; Phu Hin Dang)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 53. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram ; Phu Hin Khan / Ubon Ratchathani: Warin Chamrap ; Kaen Tana ; Nam Tok Soi Sawan ; Phu Chong Na Yoi)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 65, fig.67,♂. (Umphang: Tha Sai ; Umphang)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Katsuyama et al.,2006 : 47, fig.50,♂. (Nan: Mae Charim ; Ban Nam Poon)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 556, pl.252, figs.L63,♂,♀,♀(Un). (Nakhon Pathom / Chiang Mai)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Les Day,2011- : Butterflies of Koh Samui, figs. (Koh Samui) (accessed: 2020.10.05)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 572, pl.259, figs.L88,♂,♀,♀(Un). (Nakhon Pathom / Chiang Mai)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Okamoto et.al.,2013 : 6. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 179, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao / Phu Kradung / Phu Khiewo / Kao Yai / Nakohn Nayok / Wan Nam Khiewo / Kao Soi Dao / Kratching WF / Pliewn WF / Kao Saverb / Thoen / Bang Phra / Bang Sarrey / Pattaya / Kanchanaburi / Ranong / Phuket / Sai Kao WF / Satun / Than To WF)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs., Early Stages. (Chiang Mai / Kamphaeng Phet / Sa Kaeo / Ratchaburi / Nakhon Nayok) (accessed: 2020.10.05)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Chaianunporn & Chaianunporn,2019 : 85. (Chaiyaphum: Chulabhorn Dam)

[ LAOS ]
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 69, pl.98, figs.B11,♂,12,♂(Un). (Tha Ngone / Luang Prabang / PT etc)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 214, pl.108, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀. (Nhahin / Xaignabouri / Vientiane)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 45. (Thabok / Namdhua / Thakhek / Nhahin / Nakai)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 51.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Shirozu & Saigusa,1962 : 62-63, pl.10, figs.75,♂,76,♂(Un),77,♀,78,♀(Un), Textfig.28,♂genitalia. (Puok)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Woodfield & Murton,2006 : figs.♀,♀(Un). (Botum Sakor NP.)
Castalius rosimon ; Onodera,2007 : 22,23,28, fig.75,♂. (Rattanakiri: Ta Veaeng; Veun Sai; Ou Chum / Siem Reap: Phnum Kuhlen)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 130. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Fruhstorfer,1915-1924 : 885. (Tonkin / Annam)
Castalius rosimon ; Godfrey,1919 : 469. (S: Sui Kat)
Castalius rosimon ; Moulton,1923 : 131. (Pulo Condore)
Castalius rosimon ; Lemee,1950 : 19. (Backan / Hanoi)
Castalius rosimon ; Metaye,1957 : 91. (N / C)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Ikeda et al.,2001 : 48, figs.1:20,♀,21,♂,22,♂(Un),6:7(♂genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Castalius rosimon ; Lien,2003 : 58. (Phu Quoc)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Hao et al.,2004 : 9, 74, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Castalius rosimon ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 42. (Thua Thien Hue: Huong Thuy; Phong Dien; Bach Ma)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,[2007] : 52, figs.L-13,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri ; Dai Duc Me ; Madagui / Dong Nai: Thac Mai / Bin Thuan: Dong Tien / Phan Thiet)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Nihira,2009 : 101. (Phu Quoc)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 49. (N / C / S)
Castalius rosimon rosimon ; Saito et al.,2017 ; 79-80. (S: Nui Cam / Nui Coto)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 10♂ 2♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 2♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chonburi : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 3♂ 4♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchaburi : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 7♂ 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Si Thammarat : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 5♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Champasak : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is very common in montane and secondary forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.20m - 1000m) and is often found on forest edges and grasslands.

Literature

Fabricius, J.C.,1775 : Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibus, observationibus.
Flensbvrgi et Lipsiae, Libraria Kortii 8vo :[i-xxx] + 832pp.

Cramer, P.,1775-1776 :
Uitlandsche Kapellen. voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America, by een verzameld en bescreeven.
Amsterdam. Baalde, and Utrecht, Wild. 1(1-7):xxx + 16 + 132pp, pl.1-84, (1775) ; 1(8):133-156, pl.85-96, (1776).

Stoll, C.,[1780]-[1782] :
in Cramer, Uitlandsche Kapellen. voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America, by een verzameld en bescreeven.
Amsterdam. Baalde, and Utrecht, Wild. 4(26b-28):29-90, pl.305-336,(1780); (29-31):91-164, pl.337-372,(1781) ; (32-32):165-252, 1-29, pl.373-400,(1782).

Hubner, J.,1816-1826 : Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge.
Augsburg, Author. 431+72pp.

Swinhoe, C.,1885 : On the Lepidoptera of Bombay and the Decan.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1885(1):124-148, pl.9.

Butler, A.G.,1886 :
On a collection of Lepidoptera made by Commander Alfred Carpenter R.N. in upper Burmah, in the winter of 1885-1886.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)18:182-191.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1918 : Revision der Gattung Castalius auf Grund der Morphologie der Generationsorgane.
Tijdschr. Ent. 61:17-44, pls.4,5.

Takanami, Y.,1991 : Butterflies of Borneo. Vol.2, No.1. Lycaenidae.
Tobishima Corporation.

Castalius rosimon rosimon ♂ Castalius rosimon rosimon ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1999.06.22 - 2020.10.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.