Spalgis epius epius  (Westwood,[1851])

Spalgis epius ♂ Up. Spalgis epius ♂ Un. Spalgis epius ♀ Up. Spalgis epius ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Ranong, Thailand.
Spalgis epius ♂ Up. Spalgis epius ♂ Un. Spalgis epius ♀ Up. Spalgis epius ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chanthaburi, Thailand.
Spalgis epius ♂ Up. Spalgis epius ♂ Un. Spalgis epius ♂ Up. Spalgis epius ♂ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♂, Yala, Thailand.

ON : Lucia epius Westwood,[1851]
OD : in Doubleday, Gen. diurn. Lep. (2):502, pl.76, fig.5.
TL : Ceylon.
Distribution : Sri Lanka, S.India to Myanmar, Andamans,
Nicobars, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Hainan, China, Formosa,
W.Malaysia, Borneo to W.New Guinea.

Synonyms

Lucia pharnus C.Felder,1860 : Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien. 40(11):460. TL. Amboina.
Lucia substrigata Snellen,1878 : in Tijdschr. Ent. 21:15-16, pl.1, fig.2. TL. S.Sulawesi.
Lucia dilama Moore,1878 : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(3):701-702. TL. Hainan.
Lucia fangola Kheil,1884 : Rhop. Nias :28, pl.5, fig.31. TL. Nias.
Spalgis nubilus Moore,[1884] : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883(4):522. TL. Andaman Isles.
Spalgis strigatus Semper,1889 : in C.Semper, Reisen Philipp. (4):160, pl.31, fig.1,♀(Un). TL. Cebu. (♀)
Spalgis epius titius Fruhstorfer,[1919] : Arch. Naturgesch. (A)83(1):75. TL. E.Java.
Spalgis epius georgi Fruhstorfer,[1919] : Arch. Naturgesch. (A)83(1):76. TL. Bohol.
Spalgis epius semperi Fruhstorfer,[1919] : Arch. Naturgesch. (A)83(1):76. TL. Luzon.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Spalgis epius epius ; Godfrey,1930 : 313. (W: Klong Pong Kapo)
Spalgis epius epius ; Godfrey,1932a : 271. (Trang: Ko Libong)
Spalgis epius epius ; Pinratana,1981 : 35, pl.5, figs.21,♂,22,♂(Un,23,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai / Chanthaburi / Shaiyaphum / Nakhon Ratchasima)
Spalgis epius epius ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 32, fig.93,♂. (Mukdahan: Phu Huay Sing / Ubon Ratchathani: Phu Hin Dang)
Spalgis epius epius ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 53. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram)
Spalgis epius epius ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 552, pl.249, figs.L52,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai / Nan / Chanthaburi)
Spalgis epius epius ; Les Day,2011- : Samui Butterflies, fig. (Koh Samui)
Spalgis epius epius ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 566, pl.256, figs.L74,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai / Nan / Chanthaburi).
Spalgis epius epius ; Kimura et al.,2014 : 44, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Phu Khiewo / Muok Leck / Nakohn Nayork / Wan Nam Khiewo / Kao Soi Dao / Pliwn WF. / Tarutao Is. / Than To WF.)
Spalgis epius epius ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, fig., Early Stages. (Nakhon Nayok / Saraburi / Sa Kaeo / Trat)

[ LAOS ]
Spalgis epius epius ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 69, pl.98, figs.B9,♀,10,♀(Un). (Luang Prabang)
Spalgis epeus (sic) epeus (sic) ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 214, pl.108, figs.♂,♀. (Vientiane / Thabok)
Spalgis epius epius ; Onodera,2009b : 35. (Vientiane: Namsong Riverside)
Spalgis epius ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 51.

[ VIETNAM ]
Spalgis epius ; Metaye,1957 : 91. (no loc.)
Spalgis epius ; Ikeda et al.,2001 : 48, figs.1:17,♂,18,♂(Un),6:6(♂genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Spalgis epius epius ; Hao et al.,2004 : 9. (Cuc Phuong)
Spalgis epius epius ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,[2007] : 50, figs.L-12,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri; Dai Duc Me; Gung Re / Dong Nai: Thac Mai)
Spalgis epius epius ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 48. (N / C / S)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 9♂ 1♀ (incl.photo & photo by A.Giudici).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 1♂ 2♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Surat Thani (Koh Phangan dist.) : 1♀ (photo by A.Giudici).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is not rare in montane forest at low to moderate elevations and is occasionally found at secondary forest or garden trees in a town. Male makes a territory on the tree canopy around forest edge from 12:30 to 14:00.

Literature

Westwood, J.O.,1850-1852 : In Doubleday et al., The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera.
vol.2 : ii + pp.251-534, pls.31-80,54. London, Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans.

Moore, F.,1878 : List of Lepidopterous Insects collected by the late R.Swinhoe in the Island of Hainan.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(3):695-708.

Snellen, P.C.T. & Piepers, C.,1878 : Opgave van en Aanteekeningen over Lepidoptera in Zud-West Celebes Verzameld.
Tijdschr. Ent. 21:1-43, 1 pl.

Felder, C.,1860 : Lepidopterorum Amboinensium a Dre L. Doleschall annis 1856-1868 collectorum species novae, diagnostibus collustratae.(1) Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien 40(11):(447)448-462.

Kheil, N.P.,1884 : Zur Fauna des Indo-Malayischen Archipels. Die Rhoplalocera der Insel Nias
[1-5], 6-38, 5pls.

Moore, F.,[1884] : Descriptions of new Asiatic Diurnal Lepidoptera.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883(4):521-535, pls.48-49.

Semper, G.,1886-1892 : In C.Semper, Die Schmetterlinge der Philippinischen Inseln. Reisen im Archipel der Philippinen.
(1):1-46, pl.1-8, A(1886) ; (2):47-86, pl.9-16(1887) ; (3):87-134, pl.17-24(1888) ; (4):135-174, pl.25-32(1889) ; (5):175-238, pl.33-38, B(1890) ; (6):239-270, pl.39-46(1891) ; (7):271-380, pl.47-49[iv](1892).

Fruhstorfer, H.,[1919] : Spalgis, eine bicontinentale Lycaenidgattung.
Arch. Naturgesch. (A)83(1):73-76.

Takanami, Y.,1991 : Butterflies of Borneo. Vol.2, No.1. Lycaenidae.
Tobishima Corporation.

Spalgis epius ♂ Spalgis epius ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici) ♀, Chanthaburi, Thailand.
Spalgis epius ♀
♀, Surat Thani, Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici)

1999.07.20 - 2020.05.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.