Euthalia lubentina lubentina  (Cramer,[1777])

Euthalia lubentina lubentina ♂ Up. Euthalia lubentina lubentina ♂ Un. Euthalia lubentina lubentina ♀ Up. Euthalia lubentina lubentina ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ♂ Up. Euthalia lubentina lubentina ♂ Un. Euthalia lubentina lubentina ♀ Up. Euthalia lubentina lubentina ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Phrae, Thailand.
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ♂ Up. Euthalia lubentina lubentina ♂ Un. Euthalia lubentina lubentina ♀ Up. Euthalia lubentina lubentina ♀ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ♂ Up. Euthalia lubentina lubentina ♂ Un. Euthalia lubentina lubentina ♀ Up. Euthalia lubentina lubentina ♀ Un.
♂, Vinh Phuc, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Vinh Phuc, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)

ON : Papilio lubentina Cramer,[1777]
OD : Uitl. Kapellen 2(13):92, pl.155, figs.C♀,D♀(Un).
TL : China. (♀)
Distribution :
Sikkim, Assam, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam,
Hainan, Yunnan, Guangdong, Guangxi.

● ssp.lubentina
ssp.chersonesia
Euthalia lubentina lubentina map

Synonyms

Euthalia lubentina indica Fruhstorfer,1904 : Stettin ent. Ztg. 65(2): 350. TL. Sikkim, S.India, Ceylon. (♀, MNHN)
Euthalia lubentina shiamensis Tsukada,1991 : Butterflies of the South East Asian Islands. 5:404,549, pl.233, figs.1(HT,♂),2(PT,♂Un),3(PT,♀),4(PT,♀Un). TL. Thailand. (♂, in coll.E.Tsukada)
Euthalia lubentina hainana Tsukada,1991 : Butterflies of the South East Asian Islands. 5:404,549, pl.233, figs.5(PT,♀),6(PT,♀Un),7(HT,♂),8(HT,♂Un). TL. Hainan. (♂, in coll.E.Tsukada)


Type Materials Information

lubentina ; Syntype ♀, S.China. [lost]
indica ; Lectotype ♀, Jindia Sikkim. designated by Yokochi,1997. (MNHN) ; Yokochi,1999 : 45, fig.61(LT,♀).
shiamensis ;
Holotype ♂, Feb.1987. Chieng Dao [Chiang Dao], N.Thailand. (in coll. E.Tsukada)
Paratypes : all Paratypes from Thailand.
20♂ 14♀, Chieng Dao [Chiang Dao] ; 4♂ 1♀, Chieng Mai [Chiang Mai] ; 1♂, Doi Pui, Chieng Mai [Chiang Mai] ; 1♂, Doi Suthep, Chieng Mai [Chiang Mai] ;
1♀, Huay Gaew [Huay Kaeo], Chieng Mai [Chiang Mai] ; 1♂ 3♀ Doi Inthanon ; 1♂ 2♀, Vien Pa Pao [Wiang Pa Pao], Chieng Rai [Chiang Rai] ; 2♂, Chieng Rai [Chiang Rai] ;
1♀, Wang Chin, Phrae, Chieng Rai ; 1♀, Phukhies [Phu Khiao] ; 1♂ 5♀, Bangkok ; 3♀, Ranong.
hainana ;
Holotype ♂, 1.Nov.1986. Hainan. (in coll. E.Tsukada)
Paratypes : 1♂ 2♀, Hainan.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Euthalia lubentina indica ; Fruhstorfer,1913 : 676. (Siam)
Euthalia lubentina indica ; Godfrey,1916 : 131. (Bangkok)
Euthalia lubentina indica ; Godfrey,1930 : 293. (Bangkok)
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ; Pinratana,1979 : 78, figs.N135,♂,♀. (Chiang Mai; Chanthaburi; Chonburi; Nonthaburi; Bangkok; Nakhonprathom)
Euthalia lubentina shiamensis Tsukada,1991 : 404,549, pl.233, figs.1(HT,♂),2(PT,♂Un),3(PT,♀),4(PT,♀Un). (Thailand)
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 79, pl.54, figs.146,♂,♀. (Chiang Mai; Chanthaburi; Chonburi; Bangkok; Kanchanaburi) (in part)
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 29, fig.82,♂. (Mukdahan: Ban Na Lak)
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 51. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram)
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 444, pl.196, figs.N153,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 454, pl.200, figs.N319a♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Mai; Chiang Rai)
Euthalia lubentina chersonesia ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : pl.200, figs.N319b♀(center),♀(right,Un). (in part)
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs., Early Stages. (Chiang Mai; Sa Kaeo; Chanthaburi) (accessed: 2021.06.14)
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 108, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂, ♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao; Doi Suthep; Doi Inthanon; Khun Lao Villege; Kao Soi Dao; Kao Khiewo; Bangkok; Sai York Noi)

[ LAOS ]
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 60, col.pl.13,♀ ; pl.69, figs.3,♂,4,♂(Un),5,♀,6,♀(Un). (Vang Vieng; Nam Moh; TG; Luang Prabang; Tha Ngone; Nam Ngum Dam)
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 207, pl.65, figs.♂,♂(Un.),♀,♂,♂,♂. (Oudomxay; Vang Vieng; Luang Phrabang; Boung Kuang)
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 46.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ; Woodfield & Murton,2006 : figs.♀,♂. (Botum Sakor NP.)
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 129. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Euthalia lubentina ; Joannis,1901 : 319. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ; Fruhstorfer,1913 : 676. (Tonkin)
Euthalia lubentina f.lubentina ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 43. (Tonkin: Vietri)
Euthalia lubentina ; Lemee,1950 : 15. (Hagiang)
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ; Metaye,1957 : 97. (N / C / S)
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ; Ikeda et al.,2000 : 36, figs.6:12,♀,13,♀(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Euthalia lubentina ; Hao et al.,2004 : 7, 68, fig.♂. (Cuc Phuong)
Euthalia lubentina ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 41. (Thua Thien Hue: A Luoi; Huong Thuy)
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 32, figs.N-92,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Bao Loc; Dai Duc Me; Dong Nai: Thac Mai; Ho Chi Minh)
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 40. (N / C / S)
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ; Saito et al.,2017 ; 81. (S: Nui Cam)
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(2):121-122, pl.65, figs.2a♀,2b♂,2c♂(Un). (N: Huu Lien; Tam Dao; Cat Ba; Cuc Phuong / C: Ben En; Pu Hoat; Bu huong; Pu Mat; A Luoi; Huong Thuy; Ngoc Linh; Loc Bac; Cat Loc; Bai Ai; Chu Yang Sin / S: Cat Tien; La Nga)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 12♂ 10♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 1♂ 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 3♂ 7♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sa Kaeo : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chonburi : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Phong Saly : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Vinh Phuc : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lam Dong : 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is not rare in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.300m - 1600m).
Tsukada,1991 described ssp.shiamensis and included Ranong specimens as paratypes. However it is synonym of nominotypical subspecies and a specimen from Ranong seems to be ssp.chersonesia in our collection.

Literature

Cramer, P.,[1777] : Uitlandsche Kapellen. voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America, by een verzameld en bescreeven.
Amsterdam. Baalde, and Utrecht, Wild. 2(9-16):1-152, pl.97-192.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1904 : Neue Euthaliiden von demselben
Stettin ent. Ztg. 65(2):348-353.

Tsukada, E.,1991 : Butterflies of the South East Asian Islands V, Nymphalidae (II).
Azumino Butterflie's Research Institute. 576pp.(238 col. pls.) (in Japanese)

Yokochi, T.,1999 : A revision of the lubentina group of genus Euthalia (Rhopalocera, Nymphalidae) in the Indo-Australian Region (I)
Butterflies 22:33-51, 72 figs.

Euthalia lubentina lubentina ♂ Euthalia lubentina lubentina ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ♂ Euthalia lubentina lubentina ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Euthalia lubentina lubentina ♀ Euthalia lubentina lubentina egg
♀ laying egg & egg, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

2007.02.10 - 2021.07.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.