Cynitia lepidea sthavara  (Fruhstorfer, 1913)

Cynitia lepidea sthavaraa ♂ Up. Cynitia lepidea sthavaraa ♂ Un. Cynitia lepidea sthavaraa ♀ Up. Cynitia lepidea sthavaraa ♀ Un.
♂, Phrae, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Cynitia lepidea sthavaraa ♂ Up. Cynitia lepidea sthavaraa ♂ Un. Cynitia lepidea sthavaraa ♀ Up. Cynitia lepidea sthavaraa ♀ Un.
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Cynitia lepidea sthavaraa ♂ Up. Cynitia lepidea sthavaraa ♂ Un. Cynitia lepidea sthavaraa ♀ Up. Cynitia lepidea sthavaraa ♀ Un.
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♀, Tak, Thailand.
Cynitia lepidea sthavaraa ♂ Up. Cynitia lepidea sthavaraa ♂ Up. Cynitia lepidea sthavaraa ♀ Up. Cynitia lepidea sthavaraa ♀ Up.
♂, Phong Saly, Laos. ♀, Chaiyaphum, Thailand.

ON : Euthalia lepidea sthavara Fruhstorfer, 1913
OD : in Seitz, Grossschmett Erde 9:656.
TL : Burma.
Distribution : Myanmar, Thailand, N.Laos.
● ssp.sthavara
ssp.cognata
ssp.flaminia
Cynitia lepidea sthavara map

Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
"Euthalia lepidea cognata ; Godfrey,1927 : 124. (N)"
Euthalia lepidea lepidea ; Godfrey,1930 : 289. (Prae: Me Song forest; Klong Suan Mak)
Euthalia lepidea lepidea ; Pinratana,1979 : 69, not fig. (Chiayaphum; Chiang Mai)
Euthalia lepidea cognata ; Pinratana,1979 : 69, figs.N119b♂,♀,♀(Un). (in part)
Tanaecia lepidea sthavara ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 71, pl.46, fig.129a♀. (Chiang Mai; Chiayaphum) (in part)
Tanaecia lepidea cognata ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 70, fig.167,♂. (Umphang)
Tanaecia lepidea cognata ; Katsuyama et al.,2006 : 49, fig.119,♂. (Nan: Ban Nam Poon)
Tanaecia lepidea sthavara ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 424, pl.186, figs.N134a♂[♀],♂[♀](Un),♀,♀(Un). (Kamphaeng Saen; Tham Than Lod)
Cynitia lepidea sthavara ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 434, pl.190, figs.N300a♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Kamphaeng Saen; Tham Than Lod)
Cynitia lepidea sthavara ; Okamoto et al.,2013 : 9. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Cynitia lepidea sthavara ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 99-100, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Suthep; Ban Mae Wa; Thung Saleng Luang; Phu Khiewo; Thung Yai)

[ LAOS ]
Euthalia lepidea f.flaminia ; Dubois & Vitalis,1924 : 42. (Vientiane)
Tanaecia lepidea lepidea ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 59, pl.65, figs.7,♂,8,♂(Un) ; pl.66, figs.1,♀,2,♀(Un). (Vang Vieng; Phatong; Nam Po; Vientiane; Tha Ngone) (in part)
Cynitia lepidea cognata ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 207, pl.62, figs.♂. (Vientiane) (in part)
Cynitia lepidea ; Suwa et al.,2019 : 18. (Dong Hua Sao; Luang Prabang; Mt.Phoufa; Nachan; Pakmong-Oudomsay; Phonkham; Phou Yang; Thabok; Sam Neua)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 6♂ 6♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 3♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 1♀ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Phong Saly : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (Alt. 300 - 900m) and males are territorial on shrubs or undergrowth.
The distribution of the subspecies in Laos is still unclear due to the small number of specimens examined. Plots on the distribution map are tentative. Further taxonomic and distributional research are needed.
Literature

Fruhstorfer, H.,1913 : 6. Familie: Nymphalidae in Seitz, Gross-Schmett. Erde 9
641-656. (10.Jan.1913)


Cynitia lepidea sthavara ♂ Cynitia lepidea sthavara ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chaiyaphum, Thailand.
Cynitia lepidea sthavara ♀ Cynitia lepidea sthavara ♀
♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Phetchabun, Thailand.

2007.01.31 - 2023.01.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.