Tanaecia julii xiphiones  (Butler,[1869])

Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♂ Up. Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♂ Un. Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♀ Up. Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♀ Un.
♂, Tak, Thailand. ♀, Tak, Thailand.
Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♂ Up. Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♂ Un. Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♀ Up. Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♀ Un.
♂, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. ♀, Kanchanaburi, Thailand.
Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♂ Up. Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♂ Un. Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♀ Up. Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♀ Un.
♂, Phetchaburi, Thailand. ♀, Ranong, Thailand.
Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♂ Up. Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♂ Up. Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♀ Up. Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♀ Un.
♂, Ranong, Thailand. ♀, Phuket, Thailand.
Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♂ Up. Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♂ Un. Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♀ Up. Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♀ Un.
♂, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand. ♀, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand.
Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♂ Up. Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♂ Un. Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♀ Up. Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♀ Un.
♂, Trang, Thailand. ♀, Trang, Thailand.
Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♂ Up. Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♂ Un. Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♀ Up. Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♀ Un.
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♀, Yala, Thailand.

ON : Adolias xiphiones Butler,[1869]
OD : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1868(3):609, pl.45, fig.6,♂.
TL : Moulmein. (♂, NHML)
Distribution : S.Myanmar, W. & P.Thailand.

● ssp.julii
ssp.odilina
ssp.xiphiones
ssp.mansori
Tanaecia julii map

Synonym

Adolias parvata Moore,[1879] : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(4):831, pl.52, fig.3,♀. TL. Meetan, Tenasserim. (♀, NHML)


Type Materials Information

xiphiones : ♂, Rh10145, Type (red), Moulmain. (NHML, photo examined)
parvata : ♀, Rh10146, Type (red), Meetan, 3000ft, Upper Tenasserim. (NHML, photo examined)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Euthalia julii julii ; Pendlebury,1923 : 40. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Khao Ram; Khao Luang)
Euthalia julii julii ; Godfrey,1930 : 289. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Khao Ram; Khao Luang)
Euthalia julii julii ; Godfrey,1932a : 269. (Ranong: Lam Lieng)
Tanaecia julii bougainvillei ; Pinratana,1979 : 68, figs.N118b♂,♀,♀(Un). (Chumphon; Ranong; Trang)
Tanaecia julii xiphiones ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 70, pl.45, figs.127b♂,♂,♀. (Kanchanaburi; Ranong; Trang; Nakhon Sri Thammarat; Songkhla) (in part)
Tanaecia julii xiphiones ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 422, pl.185, figs.N132c♂,♂(Un),♀. (Kanchanaburi)
Tanaecia julii bougainvillei ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 422, pl.185, figs.N132b♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Songkhla)
Tanaecia julii mansori ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 432, pl.189, figs.N298b♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (in part)
Tanaecia julii xiphiones ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 432, pl.189, figs.N298c♂,♂(Un),♀(Un). (Kanchanaburi; Ranong; Phuket)
Tanaecia julii xiphiones ; Okamoto et.al.,2013 : 9. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Tanaecia julii xiphiones ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 98, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Sai York Noi; Erawan WF; Kam Puan; Muang Shone; Khlong Naka; Kao Luang; Ka Chong; Sonkhla; Than To WF.)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Tak : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 3♂ 2♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchaburi : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 12♂ 10♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phuket : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Si Thammarat : 4♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trang : 4♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Pattani : 5♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 6♂ 3♀ (incl.photo and photo by S.Atdhabhan).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Narathiwat : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is common in montane forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.100m - 800m).
Females of populations from S.Tak, Kanchanaburi and Moulmein to Yala and W.Malaysia have extremely reduced white markings on UpF. However, there are highly individual and seasonal variations in both sexes in this region, and it is not possible to clearly distinguish Malaysian ssp.bougainvillei. I tentatively follow the traditional classification here, however it is most likely ssp.bougainvillei would be a synonym of xiphiones. Further taxonomic study is needed.
It is a very interestingly, in Tak province of W.Thailand, ssp.julii is found in the north and this subspecies in the south. It seems transition area of both subspecies.

Literature

Butler, A.G.,[1869] :
A monographic Revision of the Lepidoptera hitherto included in the Genus Adolias, with Descriptions of new Genera and species.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1868(3):599-615, pl.45.

Moore, F.,[1879] : A list of the lepidopterous insects collected by Mr.Ossian Limborg in upper Tenasserim,
with descriptions of new species.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(4):821-859, 3 pls.

Corbet, A.S.,1941 : Further revisional Notes on Malayan Rhopalocera
Entomologist 74(6):133-135.

Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♂ Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♀
♂, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. ♀, Kanchanaburi, Thailand.
Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♀+♂ Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♀
♀+♂, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand. ♀, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand.
Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♂ Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♀
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♂, Yala, Thailand. (photo by S.Atdhabhan)
Tanaecia julii xiphiones ♂
♂, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand.

2006.12.30 - 2021.06.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.