Lebadea martha martha  (Fabricius,1787)

Lebadea martha martha ♂ Up. Lebadea martha martha ♂ Un. Lebadea martha martha ♀ Up. Lebadea martha martha ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Lebadea martha martha ♂ Up. Lebadea martha martha ♂ Un. Lebadea martha martha ♀ Up. Lebadea martha martha ♀ Un.
♂ (wsf), Kanchanaburi, Thailand. ♀ (wsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Lebadea martha martha ♂ Up. Lebadea martha martha ♂ Un. Lebadea martha martha ♀ Up. Lebadea martha martha ♀ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Chanthaburi, Thailand.
Lebadea martha martha ♂ Up. Lebadea martha martha ♂ Un. Lebadea martha martha ♀ Up. Lebadea martha martha ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Trat, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Trat, Thailand.
Lebadea martha martha ♂ Up. Lebadea martha martha ♂ Un. Lebadea martha martha ♀ Up. Lebadea martha martha ♀ Up.
♂, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)

ON : Papilio martha Fabricius,1787
OD : Mantissa Ins. 2:56.
TL : "Siam" [Salang Is.(Phuket)].
Distribution : Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, S.China.

Synonyms

Lebadea attenuata Moore,[1879] : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(4):829. TL. Naththoung to Paboga, Tenasserim.
Lebadea martha nebula Chou & Xie,2000 : Entomotaxonomia 22(3):224, 228, fig.11(HT,♂). TL. Yunnan.


Type Material Information

nebula : Holotype ♂, Yunan ; Paratype 1♂, Yunnan. (Entomological Museum, North west Sci-Tech University)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Lebadea martha marta ; Fruhstorfer,1913 : 643. (Siam)
Lebadea martha martha ; Godfrey,1916 : 130.
Lebadea martha ismene ; Godfrey,1927 : 124. (N)
Lebadea martha martha ; Godfrey,1930 : 287. (except P)
Lebadea martha martha ; Pinratana,1979 : 64, figs.N113a,♀,♀(Un). (Chanthaburi / Nakhon Nayok / Saraburi)
Lebadea martha martha ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 67, pl.42, fig.120a,♂. (Chiang Mai / Chaiyaphum / Nakhon Nayok / Saraburi / Chanthaburi)
Lebadea martha martha ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 255, fig.102,♂. (Mukdahan: Phu Mu ; Phu Pha Thaep)
Lebadea martha martha ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 28. (Ubon Ratchathani: Phu Chong Na Yoi ; Nam Tok Soi Sawan ; Kaeng E-Keow / Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram ; Nam Tok Kham Cha I ; Ban Na Lak)
Lebadea martha martha ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 51. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram ; Phu Mu ; Nam Tok Tad Ton / Ubon Ratchathani: Waring Chamrap ; Nam Tok Soi Sawan ; Phu Chong Na Yoi ; Phu Pung ; Don Far Huan)
Lebadea martha martha ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 70, fig.164,♂. (Umphang: Tha Sai)
Lebadea martha martha ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 416, pl.182, figs.N125a,♂,♂(Un),♀. (Wiang Pa Pao / Wang Nam Khieo / Tham Than Lod)
Lebadea martha martha ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 426, pl.186, figs.N291a,♂,♂(Un),♀. (Wiang Pa Pao/ Wang Nam Khieo / Tham Than Lod)
Lebadea martha martha ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs., Early Stages. (Sa Kaeo / Chanthaburi / Trat) (accessed: 2020.09.24)
Lebadea martha martha ; Okamoto et.al.,2013 : 9. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Lebadea martha martha ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 95, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂[♀],♂[♀](Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Suthep / Ban Pa Nok Khao / Phu Khiewo / Saraburi / Nakohn Nayok / Wan Nam Khiewo / Kao Soi Dao / Kratching WF / Kao Khiewo / Khlong Tariew / Sai York Noi)

[ LAOS ]
Lebadea martha martha ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 59, pl.64, figs.1,♂,2,♂(Un),3,♀,4,♀(Un). (Vang Vieng / Vientiane)
Lebadea martha martha ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 207, pl.61, figs.♂,♀. (Boung Kuang)
Lebadea martha martha ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 42-43. (Namdhua / Thabeng / Thakhek)
Lebadea martha martha ; Onodera,2009b : 43. (Bolikhamxai: Phon Si)
Lebadea martha martha ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 46.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Lebadea martha martha ; Woodfield & Murton,2006 : figs,♀,♀(Un). (Botum Sakor NP.)
Lebadea martha ; Onodera,2007 : 23,29, fig.59♂. (Rattanakiri: Kalai / Siem Reap: Angkor)
Lebadea martha martha ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 129. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Lebadea martha marta ; Fruhstorfer,1913 : 643. (Tonkin / S.Annam)
Lebadea martha ; Godfrey,1919 : 468. (S: Daban)
Limenitis attenuata ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1919 : 231. (Annam)
Lebadea martha ; Lemee,1950 : 14. (Hagiang)
Lebadea martha martha f.aest.martha ; Metaye,1957 : 97. (N / C / S)
Lebadea martha martha f.hib.attenuata ; Metaye,1957 : 97. (N / C / S)
Lebadea martha martha ; Ikeda et al.,2000 : 36, fig.6:4,♀,5,♀(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Lebadea martha ; Lien,2003 : 57. (Phu Quoc)
Lebadea martha martha ; Hao et al.,2004 : 7, 65, figs.♂[♀],♂[♀](Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Lebadea martha ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 41. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; Phong Dien; Bach Ma)
Lebadea martha martha ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 26, figs.N-78,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri ; Dai Duc Me ; Gung Re)
Lebadea martha martha ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 36. (N / C / S)
Lebadea martha martha ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 2:92-93, pl.55, figs.2a,♂[♀],2b,♂(Un),2c,♀(Un). (N: Huu Lien ; Tam Dao ; Cat Ba ; Cuc Phuong ; Na hang ; Pu Luong / C: Ben En ; Pu Hoat ; Pu Mat ; Huong Son ; Vu Quang ; Phong Dien ; Dakrong ; Nam Dong ; Bach Ma ; Bu Na ; Son Thanh ; Ba To ; Kon Cha Rang ; Kon Ka Kinh ; Yok Don ; Chu Yang Sin ; Hon Ba ; Da Teh ; Bao Lam ; Cat Loc / S: Cat Tien ; Lo Go Sa Mat ; Tan Phu ; Nghia Trung ; Loc Bac)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 4♂ 8♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Sa Kaeo : 1♂ 3♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 2♂ 5♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 5♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lam Dong : 3♂ 6♀..
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is common in montane and secondary forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.50m - 1200m). Some females from S.E.Thailand have very narrow discal band.
Corbet,1941 mentioned the type locality of martha is considered to Salang [Phuket], P.Thailand. Judging from a photo of type specimen in Cobert & Pendlebury,1956, I agree with Corbet. However, if this is the case, a taxonomic issue arises. Peninsular Thailand, south of Ranong including Phuket, is considered to be the same population as Malaysia. Thus, It is most likely to be ssp.malayana would be a synonym of martha and ssp.attenuata would be continental subspecies. However, I do not have enough specimens from Phuket for comparison, I tentatively follow the traditional classification. Need to compare with enough number of specimens in the future.

Literature

Fabricius, J.C.,1787 : Mantissa Insectorum sistens eorum species nuper detectas adiectis characteribus genericis,
differentiis specificis, emendationibus, observationibus.
Copenhagen, Christ. Gottl. Proft 8vo 1:xx+348pp ; 2:[2]+382pp

Moore, F.,[1879] : A list of the lepidopterous insects collected by Mr.Ossian Limborg in upper Tenasserim,
with descriptions of new species.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(4):821-859, 3 pls.

Corbet, A.S.,1941 : Observations on Certain of the Fabrician Names onf Indo-Australian Rhopalocera (Lepid.)
Proc. R. ent. Soc. Lond. (B)10(6):98-106.

Cobert, A.S. & H.M. Pendlebury,1956
The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula: Second Edition Revised.
537 pp, 55 (partly col.)pls. London.

Cobert, A.S. & H.M. Pendlebury, (Revised by Eliot, J.N.) 1978
The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula, 3rd Edition.
577 pp, 438 figs, 35 pl. (29 in col.) Malayan Nature Society.

Chou, Zhang & Xie,2000 : New Species, Subspecies and New Records of Butterflies (Lepidoptera) from China, 1.
Entomotaxonomia 22(3) : 223-228, 12 figs.

Lebadea martha martha ♂ Lebadea martha martha ♀
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Lebadea martha martha ♂ Lebadea martha martha ♀
♂ (wsf), Sa Kaeo, Thailand. ♀ (wsf), Sa Kaeo, Thailand.
Lebadea martha martha ♀ Lebadea martha martha ♀
♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (wsf), Sa Kaeo, Thailand.

2007.03.10 - 2021.02.28.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.