Moduza procris procris  (Cramer,[1777])

procris ♂ Up. procris ♂ Un. procris ♀ Up. procris ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Mae Hong Son, Thailand.
procris ♂ Up. procris ♂ Un. procris ♀ Up. procris ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
procris ♂ Up. procris ♂ Up. procris ♀ Up. procris ♀ Up.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Pakse, Laos.

ON : Papilio procris  Cramer,[1777]
OD : Uitl. Kapellen 2(9-16):15, pl.106, figs.E,F.
TL : China.




Distribution :
Nepal, India to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, S.China.

procris map

Synonyms

Limenitis procris procris forma temp.chlaena Fruhstorfer,1906 : Ent. Zeit. 20(9):62. TL. Sikkim.
Modusa [sic] neoprocris : Chou, Yuan, Yin, Zhang & Chen,2002 : Entomotaxonomia 24(1):54, 58, figs.14a,14b,(Holotype ♂, Up & Un), TL. Fujian, China.


Type Material Information

neoprocris : Holotype ♂, Quanzhou, Fujian. (Entomological Museum, North west Sci-Tech University)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Limenitis procris procris ; Fruhstorfer,1913 : 640. (Siam)
Limenitis procris procris ; Godfrey,1916 : 129-130. (Petchaburi River)
Limenitis procris procris ; Godfrey,1927 : 124. (N)
Limenitis procris procris ; Godfrey,1930 : 287. (except Peninsula)
Moduza procris procris ; Pinratana,1979 : 63, figs.N111,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai / Chanthaburi / Chonburi / Kao Yai / Kanchanaburi / Phitsanulok / Ratchaburi)
Moduza procris procris ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 64, pl.41, fig.116a,♂. (Chiang Mai / Phisanulok / Nakhon Nayok / Chanthaburi / Chonburi / Kanchanaburi / Ratchaburi)
Moduza procris procris ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 255, fig.101,♂. (Mukdahan: Phu Mu ; Phu Pha Thaep ; Phu Pha Phung)
Moduza procris procris ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 28. (Mukdahan: Ban Na Lak)
Moduza procris procris ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 51. (Mukdahan: Phu Huai Sing / Ubon Ratchathani: Phu Chong Na Yoi)
Moduza procris procris ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 70, fig.163,♂. (Umphang)
Moduza procris procris ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 414, pl.181, figs.N121a,♂,♂(Un),♀,♂(ab.),♂(ab.Un). (Chiang Mai / Khao Yai)
Moduza procris procris ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 424, pl.185, figs.N287a,♂,♂(Un),♀,♂(ab.),♂(ab.Un) (Chiang Mai / Khao Yai)
Moduza procris procris ; Okamoto et.al.,2013 : 9. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Moduza procris procris ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs., Early Stages. (Sa Kaeo / Nakhon Nayok / Chanthaburi / Trat) (accessed: 2020.09.24)
Moduza procris procris ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 93, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao / Doi Suthep / Ban Mae Wa / Thung Saleng Luang / Phu Kradung / Phu Khiewo / Kao Yai / Sarika / Nakohn Nayok / Wan Nam Khiewo / Kao Soi Dao / Kratchin WF / Pliewn WF / Kao Kiewo / Sai York Noi)

[ LAOS ]
Moduza procris procris ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 59, pl.63, figs.5,♂,6,♂(Un),7,♀,8,♀(Un). (Vang Vieng / Nam Moh / Nam Ngum Dam)
Moduza procris procris ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 207, pl.61, figs.♂,♀. (Thabok / Xaignabouri)
Moduza procris procris ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 42. (Namdhua)
Moduza procris procris ; Onodera,2009b : 35,41. (Vientiane: Namsong Riverside / Khammouan: Nacay)
Moduza procris procris ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 46.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Moduza procris procris ; Woodfield & Murton,2006 : figs,♂,♂(Un). (Botum Sakor NP.)
Moduza procris ; Onodera,2009 : 64. (Kratie: Snoul)

[ VIETNAM ]
Limenitis procris procris ; Fruhstorfer,1913 : 640. (Tonkin)
Limenitis procris ; Lemee,1950 : 14. (Hagiang / Hanoi)
Limenitis procris procris ; Metaye,1957 : 97. (N / C / S)
Moduza procris procris ; Ikeda et al.,2000 : 36, figs.6:6,♂,7,♂(Un), fig.9:34(♂,genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Moduza procris ; Lien,2003 : 57. (Phu Quoc)
Moduza procris procris ; Hao et al.,2004 : 7, 65, figs.♂[♀],♂[♀](Un),♀[♂]. (Cuc Phuong)
Moduza procris ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 41. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi; Phong Dien; Bach Ma)
Moduza procris procris ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 26, figs.N-76,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri ; Dai Duc Me / Dong Nai: Thac Mai)
Moduza procris procris ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 36. (N / C / S)
Moduza procris procris ; Saito et al.,2017 ; 81. (S: Nui Coto)
Moduza pricris pricris ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 2:43-44, pl.39, figs.3a,♂,3b,♂(Un). (N: Muong Nhe ; Na Hang ; Ba Be ; Tam Dao ; Cuc Phuong / C: Ben En ; Pu Hoat ; Pu Mat ; Huong Son ; Vu Quang ; Phong Dien ; Dakrong ; Bach Ma ; Ba Na ; Son Thanh ; Ba To ; Kon Cha Rang ; Bu Gia Map ; Loc Bao ; Nui Chua ; Da Teh ; La Nga ; Bao Lam / S: Cat Tien ; Con Dao)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 5♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 6♂ 6♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 6♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chonburi : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 4♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Champasak : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lam Dong : 3♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Dong Nai : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is common in low to moderate elevations (alt.50m - 1200m).
I consider neoprocris is an aberration of procris.

Literature

Cramer, P.,[1777] :
Uitlandsche Kapellen. voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America, by een verzameld en bescreeven.
Amsterdam. Baalde, and Utrecht, Wild. 2(9-16):1-152, pl.97-192.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1906 : Neue und seltene indo-malayische Rhopaloceren.
Ent. Zeit. 20(9):61-63.

Chou, Yuan, Yin, Zhang & Chen,2002 : New Species, New Subspecies, and New Records of Butterflies from China (VI).
Entomotaxonomia 24(1):52-68, 23 figs.

2007.03.10 - 2020.10.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.