Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia  (Cramer,[1779])

Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia ♂ Up. Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia ♂ Un. Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia ♀ Up. Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia ♀ Un.
♂, Lao Cai, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Lao Cai, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)
Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia ♂ Up. Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia ♂ Un.
♂, 1993.06.26. Nan, Thailand.

ON : Papilio sulpitia Cramer,[1779]
OD : Uitl. Kapellen 3(18):37, pl.214, figs.E,F.
TL : China.
Distribution : Myanmar, N.Thailand (Nan), Laos, Vietnam, China, Hainan, Hong Kong.

Synonyms

Nymphalis strophia Godart,[1824] : in Ency. meth. 9(Ins.)(2):431. TL. China.
Athyma sulpitia var.ningpoana Felder & Felder,1862 : Wien. ent. Monats. 6(1):26. TL. Ningpo.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia ; Saito & Inayoshi,2018 : 31, figs.36,♂,♂(Un). (Nan)

[ LAOS ]
Pantoporia sulpitia sulpitia ; Fruhstorfer,1912 : 637. (Luang Prabang)
Pantoporia sulpitia f.sulpitia ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 41. (Xieng-Khouang / Ban-Soui)
Abrota sulpitia sulpitia ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 59, not fig. (List only)
Limenitis sulpitia ssp. ; Masui & Uehara,1994 : 5, figs.19,♂,♂(Un),20♀,♀(Un). (Xiang Khouang)
Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 207, pl.60, figs.♂,♂(Un.),♀. (Nong Het / Xiang Khouang)
Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 45.

[ VIETNAM ]
Pantoporia sulpitia sulpitia ; Fruhstorfer,1912 : 637. (Tonkin: Than Moi ; Manson Mts.)
Pantoporia sulpitia ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1919 : 230. (Tonkin)
Pantoporia sulpitia f.sulpitia ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 41. (Tonkin)
Pantoporia sulpitia ; Lemee,1950 : 14. (Hagiang)
Pantoporia sulpitia sulpitia ; Metaye,1957 : 96. (N)
Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 35. (N: Bac Can ; Lang Son ; Ha Giang)
Limenitis sulpitia sulpitia ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 2:37, pl.38, figs.4a,♂,4b,♂(Un). (N: Hoang Lien ; Ba Be ; Dong Van ; Mount Mau Son)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Nan : Pua dist. 1993.06.26. 1♂, LC (YI).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Lao Cai : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at moderate elevations in Laos and Vietnam. However, It is rare in Thailand and the specimen from Nan province shown above is the first and only known specimen until now.

Literature

Cramer, P.,[1779]-[1780] :
Uitlandsche Kapellen. voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America, by een verzameld en bescreeven.
Amsterdam. Baalde, and Utrecht, Wild. 3(17-21):1-104, pl.193-252,(1779) ; (22):105-128, pl.253-264,([1780]) ; (23-24):129-176, pl.265-288,(1780).

Godart, J.B.,[1824] : in Latreille & Godart, Encyclopedie methodique.
Histoire naturelle des insectes. 9(2):329-828.

Felder, C. & Felder, R.,1862 : Observationes de Lepidoteris nonullis Chinae centralis et Japoniae
Wien. ent. Monats. 6(1):22-32, (2):33-40.

Lang, S.,2009 : A Study on the systematics of Nymphalidae (excepting Satyrinae) from China (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea)
Beijing, P.R.China.

Wu, L-W., H.Chiba, D.C.Lees, Y.Ohsima & M-L.Jeng,2019 : Unravelling relationships among the shared stripes of sailors:
Mitogenomic phylogeny of Limenitidini butterflies (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae,Limenitidinae), focusing on the genera Athyma and Limenitis
Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 130(2019):60-66.

2007.01.20 - 2021.01.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.