Neptis magadha magadha  Felder & Felder,[1867]

Neptis magadha magadha ♂ Up. Neptis magadha magadha ♂ Un. Neptis magadha magadha ♀ Up. Neptis magadha magadha ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Neptis magadha magadha ♂ Up. Neptis magadha magadha ♂ Un. Neptis magadha magadha ♀ Up. Neptis magadha magadha ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Neptis magadha magadha ♂ Up. Neptis magadha magadha ♂ Up. Neptis magadha magadha ♂ Up. Neptis magadha magadha ♂ Up.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Phetchabun, Thailand.
Neptis magadha magadha ♂ Up. Neptis magadha magadha ♂ Up. Neptis magadha magadha ♀ Up. Neptis magadha magadha ♀ Up.
♂, Dong Nai, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Lam Dong, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)
Neptis magadha magadha ♂ Up. Neptis magadha magadha ♂ Up. Neptis magadha magadha ♀ Up. Neptis magadha magadha ♀ Up.
♂ (wsf), Lak Sao, Laos. (photo by K.Saito) ♀ (wsf), Da Nang, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)
Neptis magadha magadha ♂ Up. Neptis magadha magadha ♂ Up. Neptis magadha magadha ♀ Up. Neptis magadha magadha ♀ Up.
♂ (wsf), Cao Bang, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♀ (wsf), Cao Bang, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito)

ON : Neptis magadha Felder & Felder,[1867]
OD : Reise Fregatte Novara, Lep. Rhop. (3):427.
TL : "India septentrionalis" (♀, NHML)
Distribution : Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam.

Synonyms

Neptis cineracea Grose-Smith,1886 : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)18:151. TL. Toungoo, Burmah. (♂, NHML)
Neptis magadha annamitica Fruhstorfer,1908 : Stett. ent. Ztg. 69(2):308-309, pl.1, fig.2,♂. TL. Xom-Gom, S.Annam. (♂♀, MNHM)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Neptis magadha magadha ; Godfrey,1927 : 123. (N)
Neptis magadha magadha ; Godfrey,1930 : 279. (W: Klong Klung ; Me Wong ; Hue Tak Sot)
Neptis magadha magadha ; Eliot,1969 : 94. (W.Siam)
Neptis magadha magadha ; Pinratana,1979 : 50, figs.N84,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai / Chiayaphum / Kanchanaburi / Nakhon Ratchasima)
Neptis magadha magadha ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 51, pl.31, figs.78,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai / Chiayaphum / Nakhon Ratchasima / Chanthaburi / Kanchanaburi)
Neptis magadha annamitica ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 27, fig.72,♂. (Ubon Ratchathani: Kaeng E-Keow)
Neptis magadha annamitica ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 50. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram / Ubon Ratchathani: Phu Pung)
Neptis magadha annamitica ; Katsuyama et al.,2006 : 49-50, fig.114,♂. (Nan: Ban Nam Poon)
Neptis magadha magadha ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 392, pl.170, figs.N80a,♂,♂(Un). (Nakhon Nayok)
Neptis magadha annamitica ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 392, pl.170, figs.N80b,♂,♂(Un). (Ubon Ratchathani / Mukdahan)
Neptis magadha magadha ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 404, pl.175, figs.N256a,♂,♂(Un). (Nakhon Nayok)
Neptis magadha annamitica ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 404, pl.175, figs.N256b,♂,♂(Un). (Ubon Ratchathani / Mukdahan)
Neptis magadha magadha ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai / Phetchabun)
Neptis magadha magadha ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 80, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao / Doi Suthep / Phu Khiewo / Wan Nam Khiewo / Kao Soi Dao)
Neptis magadha annamitica ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 80, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Kaen E-Keow)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Neptis magadha ; Onodera,2007 : 28, fig.55,♂. (Siem Reap: Phnum Kuhlen)
Neptis magadha ; Onodera,2009 : 63. (Mondolkiri: Sen Monorom)

[ LAOS ]
Neptis magadha annamitica ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 58, pl.59, figs.1,♂,2,♂(Un). (Pakse)
Neptis magadha annamitica ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 206, pl.55, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀. (Thabok / Lak Sao)
Neptis magadha annamitica ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 45.

[ VIETNAM ]
Neptis magadha annamitica ; Fruhstorfer,1912 : 604. (S.Annam: Nha Trang)
Neptis annamitica ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1919 : 229. (Annam)
Neptis magadha f.annamitica ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 39. (S.Annam: Nhatrang)
Neptis magadha annamitica ; Metaye,1957 : 96. (C)
Neptis magadha annamitica ; Metaye,1958b : 175. (Dong Nai: Ben Nom)
Neptis magadha annamitica ; Eliot,1969 : 94. (S.Annam)
Neptis magadha annamitica ; Hao et al.,2004 : 6, 63, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Neptis magadha ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 41. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong)
Neptis magadha annamitica ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 22, figs.N-50,♂[♀],♀[♂]. (Lam Dong: Dambri)
Neptis magadha annamitica ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 37. (N / C / S)
Neptis magadha annamitica ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(2):75-76, pl.48, figs.2a,♂,2b,♂(Un). (N: Cuc Phuong / C: A Luoi ; Yok Don ; Chu Yang Sin ; Cat Loc / S: Cat Tien)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 8♂ 4♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 2♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 2♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Nayok : 2♂ (photo & Photo by S.Sophonviwatkul).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Bolikhamxai : 4♂ (incl.photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Khammouan : 1♂ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Cao Bang : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Da Nang : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lam Dong : 1♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Dong Nai : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is locally common in montane forest at moderate elevations (alt.300m - 1200m).
The populations in the Indo-china region are quite variable, and individual and seasonal variation seems to be more pronounced than geographic variation. The width of white bands of rainy season form tends to be much narrower in Eastern Laos and Central to Northern Vietnam. On the other hand, some examples of dry season form in north Thailand and south-central Vietnam have very wide bands. However, there are variations within the same locality that make it difficult to separate them clearly. Therefore I treat these as nominotypical subspecies provisionally. Further taxonomic study is needed.

Literature

Felder, C. & R. Felder,1865-1875 :
Rhopalocera. In Reise der Osterreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen Commodore B. von Wullerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Zweiter Band:
Abtheilung. Wien : vi + 548 + [1] pp in 5 parts, 140 pls.

Grose-Smith, H.,1886 : Descriptions of four new Species of Butterflies from Burmah.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5)18:149-151.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1908 : Versuch einer monographischen Revision der Indo-Australischen Neptiden.
Stett. ent. Ztg. 69(2):240-412, 3 pls.

Neptis magadha magadha ♂ Neptis magadha magadha ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Neptis magadha magadha ♂ Neptis magadha magadha ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Neptis magadha magadha ♂ Neptis magadha magadha ♂
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. ♂, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand. (Photo by S.Sophonviwatkul)

2006.02.20 - 2020.09.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.