Neptis hylas kamarupa  Moore,[1875]

Neptis hylas kamarupa ♂ Up. Neptis hylas kamarupa ♂ Un. Neptis hylas kamarupa ♀ Up. Neptis hylas kamarupa ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Mae Hong Son, Thailand.
Neptis hylas kamarupa ♂ Up. Neptis hylas kamarupa ♂ Un. Neptis hylas kamarupa ♀ Up. Neptis hylas kamarupa ♀ Un.
♂ (dsf), Tak, Thailand. ♀ (dsf), Trat, Thailand.
Neptis hylas kamarupa ♂ Up. Neptis hylas kamarupa ♂ Un. Neptis hylas kamarupa ♀ Up. Neptis hylas kamarupa ♀ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♀, Mae Hong Son, Thailand.
Neptis hylas kamarupa ♂ Up. Neptis hylas kamarupa ♂ Un. Neptis hylas kamarupa ♀ Up. Neptis hylas kamarupa ♀ Un.
♂, Ha Giang, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♀ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.

ON : Neptis kamarupa Moore,[1875]
OD : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1874(4):570.
TL : Assam. (♂♀, Oxford.)

Distribution :
N.India to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam,
S.Yunnan, S.W.Guangxi, S.E.Tibet.

Synonyms

Neptis adara Moore,[1879] : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(4):830. TL. Moulmein to Meetan ; Ahsoun ; Naththoung to Paboga ; Moolai, Tenasserim. (♂♀, NHML)
Neptis meetana Moore,[1879] : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(4):830. TL. Meetan ; Taoo, Tenasserim. (♂♀, NHML)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Neptis hylas acerides ; Godfrey,1916 : 128.
Neptis hylas hylas ; Godfrey,1927 : 123. (N)
Neptis hylas hylas ; Godfrey,1930 : 279. (except Peninsula)
Neptis hylas acerides ; Davidson & Macbeth,1938 : 74. (N: Koon Tarn)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Eliot,1969 : 61. (Siam)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Pinratana,1979 : 45, figs.N72a,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai / Chaiyaphum / Chanthaburi / Kanchanaburi / Nakhon Nayok / Nonthaburi / Saraburi)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 47, pl.27, figs.65b,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai / Loei / Chaiyaphum / Nakhon Ratchasima / Nakhon Nayok / Saraburi / Chanthaburi / Kanchanaburi)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 255, fig.95,♂. (Mukdahan: Phu Mu ; Phu Pha Thaep ; Phu Huay Sing)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 27. (Ubon Ratchathani: Ban Ba Hai ; Ban Na Pho Krang ; Phu Chong Na Yoi ; Nam Tok Soi Sawan ; Kaeng E-Keow / Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram ; Phu Huay Sing ; Nam Tok Tad Ton ; Ban Na Lak ; Ban Gok Tum)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 50. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram ; Ban Na Lak ; Phu Hin Khan ; Phu Huai Sing ; Nam Tok Tad Ton / Ubon Ratchathani: Warin Chamrap ; Nam Tok Soi Sawan ; Phu Chong Na Yoi ; Ban Ba Hai ; Phu Pung ; Don Far Huan)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 69, fig.151,♂. (Umphang: Umphang ; Tha Sai)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Katsuyama et al.,2006 : 49, fig.113,♂. (Nan: Mae Charim ; Ban Nam Poon)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 388, pl.168, figs.N68b,♀,♀(Un). (in part)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 398,400, pl.178, figs.N243a,♀,♀(Un). (in part)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Okamoto et.al.,2013 : 9. (Kanchanaburi: Mae Klong Station)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs., Early Stages. (Ratchaburi / Chanthaburi)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 74-75, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Ankhaan / Chiang Dao / Doi Phui / Doi Suthep / Doi Inthanon / Doi Pa Chang / Thung Saleng Luang / Phu Kradung / Phu Khiewo / Kao Yai / Sarika / Nakohn Nayok / Wan Nam Khiewo / Kao Soi Dao / Kratching WF / Kao Chamao / Kao Khiewo / Bang Phra / Wan Khiewo / Tha Sai / Sai York Noi / Erawan WF / Kanchanaburi / Ratchaburi / Kaeng Krachang)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Chaianunporn & Chaianunporn,2019 : 86. (Chaiyaphum: Chulabhorn Dam)

[ LAOS ]
Neptis hylas f.acerides ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 39. (Laos)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 57, pl.56, figs.1&,#9794;,2,♂(Un),3,♀,4,♀(Un). (Luang Prabang / Tha Ngone / Nam Moh / Vientiane / Ban Houei Sai / Nam Ngum Dam)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 206, pl.54, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀. (Xam Neua / Vieng Xai)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Nimura & Wakahara,2005 : 42. (Nakai)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Onodera,2009b : 35. (Vientiane: Namsong Riverside)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 45.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Neptis hylas ; Onodera,2007 : 22, fig.53,♂. (Rattanakiri: Ta Veaeng)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 129. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)

[ VIETNAM ]
Neptis adara ; Joannis,1901 : 320. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Neptis hylas acerides ; Godfrey,1919 : 467. (S: Daban)
Neptis acerides ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1919 : 229. (Annam / Tonkin)
Neptis hylas f.luculenta ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 39. (Tonkin)
Neptis hylas f.acerides ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 39. (Tonkin / Annam)
Neptis hylas ; Lemee,1950 : 14. (Hagiang)
Neptis hylas hylas ; Metaye,1957 : 96. (N / C / S)
Neptis hylas luculenta ; Metaye,1957 : 96. (N)
Neptis hylas acerides ; Metaye,1957 : 96. (N / C)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Eliot,1969 : 61. (N / S)
Neptis hylas hylas ; Ikeda et al.,2000 : 36, fig.5:3,♂,4,♂(Un),5,♀, fig.9:27(♂,genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Neptis hylas ; Lien,2003 : 57. (Phu Quoc)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Hao et al.,2004 : 6, 62, figs.♂[♀],♂[♀](Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Neptis hylas ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 41. (Thua Thien Hue: Nam Dong; A Luoi; Huong Thuy; Bach Ma)
Neptis hylas ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 20, figs.N-44,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri ; Dai Duc Me / Dong Nai: Thac Mai / Bin Thuan: Dong Tien)
Neptis kamarupa ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 20, figs.N-45,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri ; Gung Re)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Nihira,2009 : 99. (Phu Quoc)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Yokochi et al.,2015 : 40. (Khanh Hoa: Hon Ba)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 37. (N / C / S)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Saito et al.,2017 ; 81. (S: Nui Cam)
Neptis hylas kamarupa ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(2):62-63, pl.43, figs.2a,♂,2b,♂(Un),2c,♂,2d,♂(Un). (N / C / S)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 3♂ 6♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 15♂ 2♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 3♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Loei : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 3♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chonburi : 4♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Trat : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Bolikhamxai : 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Vientiane : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Ha Giang : 2♂ 1♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is very common in montane and secondary forest at low to moderate elevations (alt.10m - 1000m).
Examples from indo-china region are very variable as Kimura et al.,2016 pointed out. Further taxonomic study is needed.

Literature

Moore, F.,[1875] : Descriptions of New Asiatic Lepidoptea.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1874(4):565-579, pls.66,67.

Moore, F.,[1879] :
A list of the lepidopterous insects collected by Mr.Ossian Limborg in upper Tenasserim, with descriptions of new species.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1878(4):821-859, 3 pls.

Neptis hylas kamarupa ♂ Neptis hylas kamarupa ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Neptis hylas kamarupa ♂ Neptis hylas kamarupa ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

2006.02.20 - 2020.09.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.