Caltoris cahira austeni  (Moore,[1884])

Caltoris cahira austeni ♂ Up. Caltoris cahira austeni ♂ Un. Caltoris cahira austeni ♀ Up. Caltoris cahira austeni ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Caltoris cahira austeni ♂ Up. Caltoris cahira austeni ♂ Un. Caltoris cahira austeni ♂ Up. Caltoris cahira austeni ♂ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♂, Ranong, Thailand.
Caltoris cahira austeni ♂ Up. Caltoris cahira austeni ♂ Un. Caltoris cahira austeni ♂ genitalia Caltoris cahira austeni ♂ genitalia
♂, Yala, Thailand. ♂ genitalia, Ranong, Thailand.

ON : Baoris austeni Moore,[1884]
OD : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883(4):533.
TL : Khasia hills. (♂, NHML)
Distribution : Sikkim, Assam, Myanmar, Thailand,
Laos, Vietnam, Hainan, China, Taiwan, W.Malaysia.

Synonyms

Pamphila fallacina Mabille,1891 : C. R. Soc. ent. Belg. 35:clxxxi. TL. Cherra Pungi. (♀)
Caltoris onchisa Swinhoe,1893 : Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 41(3):323. TL. Shillong. (♂,NHML)
Baoris cahira carna Evans,1926 : J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 31(3):633. TL. Rangoon. (♂,NHML)
Baoris cahira cara Evans,1932 : Ident. Indian Butts. (2nd ed.) : 413.  TL. Manipur. (♂,NHML)


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Parnara austeni ; Godfrey,1916 : 146. (Bangkok / Pak Jong)
[ Baoris cahira sirius ; Godfrey,1930 : 386. (Pak Jong / Bangkok) ]
Baoris cahira carna ; Davidson & Macbeth,1938 : 93.
Caltoris cahira austeni ; Evans,1949 : 452. (Siam)
Caltoris cahira austeni ; Pinratana,1985 : 113, not fig. (Tak / Chanthaburi)
[ Caltoris cahira austeni ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 842, pl.387, fig.H301,♂(Laos). (Nakhon Nayok) ]
Caltoris confusa ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 842, pl.387, fig.H304,♂,♂(Un),♀. (Chiang Mai / Than To)
Caltoris cahira austeni ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 107, fig.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao / Kratching WF / Doi Musso / Ranong Hot Spring / Kam Puan / Khlong Naka / Ka Chong / Than To WF)
Caltoris confusa ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 107. (by literature)
[ Caltoris cahira austeni ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 906, pl.419, fig.H298,♂(Laos). (Nakhon Nayok) ]
Caltoris confusa ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 908, pl.419, fig.H301,♂,♂(Un),♀. (Chiang Mai / Thanto)

[ LAOS ]
Caltoris cahira austeni ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 85, pl.118, figs.A7,8. (Pakse / Vang Vieng)
Caltoris cahira austeni ; Osada, Uemura & Uehara,1999 : 226, pl.143, fig.♂. (Nam Tha)
Caltoris cahira austeni ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 60.

[ VIETNAM ]
Parnara austeni ; Godfrey,1919 : 470. (S: Daban)
Parnara nirwana austeni ; Seitz,1927 : 1084. (Tonkin)
Parnara nirwana austeni ; Metaye,1957 : 80. (North)
Parnara cahira ; Metaye,1957 : 80.
Caltoris cahira austeni ; Devyatkin & Monastyrskii,1999 ; 179. (Tam Dao / Ba Vi / Ba Be / Cuc Phuong)
Caltoris cahira austeni ; Devyatkin & Monastyrskii,2003 ; 131. (S: Cat Tien)
Caltoris cahira austeni ; Hao et al.,2004 : 15, 91, figs.♂. (Cuc Phuong)
Caltoris cahira austeni ; Miyazaki et al.,2010 : 32, fig.H-151,♂. (Lam Dong: Dambri)
Caltoris cahira austeni ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 85. (N / C: to Lam Dong)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 3♂ 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 4♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Si Thammarat : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Yala : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
This species is distinguishable by only examination of the male genitalia.

Literature

Moore, F.,[1884] : Descriptions of new Asiatic Diurnal Lepidoptera.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883(4):521-535, pls.48-49.

Mabille, P.,1891 : Description d'Hesperides nouvelles. Premitere Partie, Deuxieme Partie, Troisieme Partie.
C. R. Soc. ent. Belg. 35:lix-lxxxviii, cvi-cxxi, clxviii-clxxxvii.

Swinhoe, C.,1893 : A List of the Lepidoptera of the Khasia Hills. Part.1.
Trans. ent. Soc. Lond. 41(3):267-330.

Evans, W.H.,1926 : The Identification of Indian Butterflies (9-11).
J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 31(1):49-83, pl.30 ; (2):427-446, pl.31 ; (3):615-637, pl.32.

Evans, W.H.,1932 : The identification of Indian butterflies. second edition revised.
Bombay nat. Hist. Soc., Madras : 10+454pp, 32 pls, 9f.

Huang, H.,2011 : Notes on the genus Caltoris Swinhoe1893 and Baoris Moore,[1881] from China (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae)
Atalanta 42(1-4):201-220.

Caltoris cahira austeni ♂ Caltoris cahira austeni ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

2018.08.31.