Gangara lebadea lebadea  (Hewitson, [1868])

Gangara lebadea lebadea ♂ Up. Gangara lebadea lebadea ♂ Un. Gangara lebadea lebadea ♀ Up. Gangara lebadea lebadea ♀ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. (photo by E.Ikari) ♀, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand. (photo by S.Sophonviwatkul)
Gangara lebadea lebadea ♂ Up. Gangara lebadea lebadea ♂ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand.

ON : Hesperia lebadea Hewitson, [1868]
OD : Ill. exot. Butts. 4(67):[109], pl.[58], fig.22,23. (Hesperia III)
TL : Borneo. (♂, NHML)
Distribution : Sikkim, Assam, Myanmar (Karens), Thailand, Laos,
Cambodia, Vietnam, Yunnan, W.Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo,
Sumatra, Java, Bawean, Bali, Palawan.
Gangara lebadea lebadea map

Synonym

Paduka glandulosa Distant, 1886 : Rhop. malayana : 376, pl.35, fig.5,♂. TL. Malaysia ; Sinpapore.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Gangara lebadea lebadea ; Pinratana,1985 : 87, pl.29, fig.189,♀[♂]. (Nakhon Nayok; Chanthaburi)
Gangara lebadea lebadea ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 808, pl.371, figs.H221,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Nakhon Nayok)
Gangara lebadea lebadea ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 85, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Nakohn Nayok; Kratching WF; Kam Puan)
Gangara lebadea lebadea ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 868, pl.401, figs.H219,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Nakhon Nayok)
Gangara lebadea lebadea ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Nakhon Nayok; Nakhon Si Thammarat; Yala) (accessed: 2023.09.02)
Gangara lebadea lebadea ; Küppers & Janikorn,2017 : 113. (Phang Nga)

[ LAOS ]
Gangara lebadea lebadea ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 224, pl.141, fig.♂. (Oudomxay)
Gangara lebadea lebadea ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 59.

[ CAMBODIA ]
Gangara lebadea lebadea ; Kosterin,2019 : 99, fig.63,♂(Un). (Koh Kong)
Gangara lebadea lebadea ; Chartier & Kosterin,2022 : 126. (Koh Kong)

[ VIETNAM ]
Paduca lebadea glandulosa ; Seitz,1927 : 1098. (Tonkin)
Paduca lebadea glandulosa ; Metaye,1957 : 80. (N)
Gangara lebadea lebadea ; Devyatkin & Monastyrskii,1999 : 172. (by literature)
Gangara lebadea lebadea ; Devyatkin & Monastyrskii,2002 : 150. (Quang Tri: Dak Rong)
Gangara lebadea lebadea ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 81. (N / C)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Nakhon Nayok : 1♀ (photo by S.Sophonviwatkul).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Si Thammarat : 1♂ (photo by A.Giudici).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is uncommon in montane forests at low elevations (Alt. 30 - 400m).
The photos of larva and pupa shown as Gangara lebadea in Igarashi & Fukuda (2000: pl.395) are incorrect. They are actually Cerba martinii.


Literature

Hewitson, W.C.,[1867-1871] :
Illustrations of new species of exotic Butterflies, selected chiefly from the Collections of W.Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson.
4:iii + [118]pp, 60 pls. Van Voorst, London.

Distant, W.L.,1882-1886 : Rhopalocera Malayana : a Description of the Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula.
London, Author, Penang, Logan : xvi+482+[4]pp, 46 pls.

Igarashi, S. & Fukuda, H.,2000 : The life histories of Asian Butterflies vol.2
711 pp, 426 pls. Tokai University Press.


Gangara lebadea lebadea ♂
♂, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand. (photo by A.Giudici)

1999.09.11 - 2024.04.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.