Halpe zema zema  (Hewitson,1877)

Halpe zema zema ♂ Up. Halpe zema zema ♂ Un. Halpe zema zema ♀ Up. Halpe zema zema ♀ Un.
♂, Tak, Thailand. ♀, Tak, Thailand.
Halpe zema zema ♂ Up. Halpe zema zema ♂ Un. Halpe zema zema ♂ Up. Halpe zema zema ♂ Un.
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand.
Halpe zema zema ♂ genitalia Halpe zema zema ♂ genitalia
♂ genitalia, Mae Hong Son, Thailand.

ON : Hesperia zema Hewitson,1877
OD : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4)19:77.
TL : Sikkim. (♂, BMNH)
Distribution : Sikkim to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam.

Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Halpe zema zema ; Godfrey,1930 : 380. (Prae: Me Song forest / West: Klong Pong Kapo)
Halpe zema ormenes ; Shirozu & Saigusa,1962 : 32-33, pl.1, figs.7♂,8♂(Un), Textfig.5,♂genitalia. (Mae Hoi)
Halpe zema zema ; Pinratana,1985 : 53, pl.18, fig.96. (no loc.)
[ Halpe zema zema ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 776, pl.356, fig.H120,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai) ]
Halpe zema zema ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 55.
[ Halpe ormenes vilasina ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 828, pl.382, fig.H115,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok) ]

[ LAOS ]
Halpe zema zema ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 ; 223, pl.138, fig.♂(Un). (Xaignabouri)
Halpe zema zema ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 ; 58.

[ VIETNAM ]
Halpe zema ormenes ; Inoué & Kawazoé,1966 ; 94, figs.87♀(Un). (Banmethuot ; Trang Bom)
Halpe zema zema ; Devyatkin & Monastyrskii,1999 ; 165. (Na Hang / Ba Be)
Halpe zema zema ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 ; 77. (N: Bac Can, Tuyen Quang)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : Mae Hong Son dist. 9♂.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Chiang Mai : Chiang Dao dist. 3♂.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Phrae : Wang Chin dist. 1♂.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Tak : Umphang dist. 1♂ 2♀.
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


[ LAOS ]
Oudomxai : 1♂ (photo by H.Onodera).
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Bolikhamxai : Tad Leuk, 1♂ (photo by H.Onodera).
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


Notes
This species is distinguishable from Halpe zola by only examination of the male genitalia.

Literature

Hewitson, W.C.,1877 : Descriptions of twenty-five new species of Hesperidae.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4)19:76-85.

1999.09.04 - 2017.08.31.