Halpe zema zema  (Hewitson,1877)

Halpe zema zema ♂ Up. Halpe zema zema ♂ Un. Halpe zema zema ♀ Up. Halpe zema zema ♀ Un.
♂, Tak, Thailand. ♀, Tak, Thailand.
Halpe zema zema ♂ Up. Halpe zema zema ♂ Un. Halpe zema zema ♂ Up. Halpe zema zema ♂ Un.
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand.
Halpe zema zema ♂ genitalia Halpe zema zema ♂ genitalia
♂ genitalia, Mae Hong Son, Thailand.

ON : Hesperia zema Hewitson,1877
OD : Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4)19:77.
TL : Sikkim. (♂, NHML)
Distribution : Sikkim to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam.

Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Halpe zema zema ; Godfrey,1930 : 380. (Prae: Me Song forest / Klong Pong Kapo)
Halpe zema ormenes ; Shirozu & Saigusa,1962 : 32-33, pl.1, figs.7♂,8♂(Un), Textfig.5,♂genitalia. (Mae Hoi)
Halpe zema zema ; Pinratana,1985 : 53, pl.18, fig.96. (no loc.)
[ Halpe zema zema ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 776, pl.356, fig.H120,♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai) ]
Halpe zema zema ; Kimura et al.,2011 : 55. (by literature)
[ Halpe ormenes vilasina ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 828, pl.382, fig.H115,♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok) ]

[ LAOS ]
Halpe zema zema ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 ; 223, pl.138, fig.♂(Un). (Xaignabouri)
Halpe zema zema ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 ; 58.

[ VIETNAM ]
Halpe zema ormenes ; Inoué & Kawazoé,1966 ; 94, figs.87♀(Un). (Banmethuot ; Trang Bom)
Halpe zema zema ; Devyatkin & Monastyrskii,1999 ; 165. (Na Hang / Ba Be)
Halpe zema zema ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 ; 77. (N: Bac Can, Tuyen Quang)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : Mae Hong Son dist. 9♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : Chiang Dao dist. 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phrae : Wang Chin dist. 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : Umphang dist. 1♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : Thong Pha Phum dist. 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Oudomxai : 1♂ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Bolikhamxai : Tad Leuk, 1♂ (photo by H.Onodera).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
This species is distinguishable from Halpe zola by only examination of the male genitalia.

Literature

Hewitson, W.C.,1877 : Descriptions of twenty-five new species of Hesperidae.
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4)19:76-85.

1999.09.04 - 2018.06.30.