Euploea mulciber mulciber   (Cramer,[1777])

mulciber ♂ Up. mulciber ♂ Un. mulciber ♀ Up. mulciber ♀ Un.
♂, 1993.03.11. Ban Mae Khong, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, 1991.10.30. Ban Ten Doi, Mae Hong Son, Thailand.

ON : Papilio mulciber  Cramer,[1777]
OD : Uitl. Kapellen 2(9-16):45, pl.127, figs.C♂,D♂(Un).
TL : "China ; Coromandel"



Distribution :
W.Himalaya to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam,
China, Langkawi, W.Malaysia, Singapore.
mulciber map

Synonyms

Papilio claudius  Fabricius,1787 : Mant. Ins. 2:25.  TL. Tranquebaria Dom.Lund.
Trepsichrois linnaei  Moore,1883 : Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883(3):286, pl.29, fig.4(♀) ; pl.30, fig.1(♂).
Euploea mulciber var.duarseri  de Rhe-Philipe,1911 : J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 20:754-755.  TL. Sikkim.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Fruhstorfer,1910 : 250. (Siam)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Godfrey,1916 : 120.
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Pendlebury,1923 : 31. (Nakhon Sri Thammarat: Tai Sai River ; Khao Ram ; Khao Luang)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Godfrey,1927 : 121. (North)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Godfrey,1930 : 241. (all over)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Godfrey,1931 : 194. (Ko Tao)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Godfrey,1932a : 266. (Peninsular)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Reeves,1966 : 13. (Nakhon Nayok: Khao Yai)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Reeves,1967a : 122. (Nakhon Nayok: Khao Yai)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Pinratana,1977 : 86, fig.D30,♂,♀. (all over)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Pinratana,1992 : 68,73, pl.86, fig.29,♂,♀,Gynandromorph. (Chanthaburi / Nakhon Nayok / Ratchaburi)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2000 : 253, fig.65♂. (Mukdahan: Phu Sa Duak Bua ; Phu Mu)
Euploae mulciber mulciber ; Yamaguchi & Aoki,2002 : 21. (Mukdahan: Ban Na Lak ; Ban Gok Tum / Ubon Ratchathani: Nam Tok Soi Sawan ; Phu Hin Dang)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Yamaguchi, Aoki & Akiyama,2005 : 47-48. (Mukdahan: Ban Lao Kram ; Phu Hin Khan)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Katsuyama et al.,2005 : 67, fig.105♂. (Umphang: Tha Sai ; Umphang)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Katsuyama et al.,2006 : 48, fig.76♂. (Nan: Ban Nam Poon ; Nan)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 210, pl.77, fig.D29,♂,♂(Un),♀. (Chiang Mai / Phrae: Wang Chin / Nakhon Nayok)

[ LAOS ]
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 53, col.pl.12 ; pl.37, figs.1♂,2♂(Un),3♀,4♀(Un). (Luang Prabang / Pakse / Nam Moh / Ban Houei Sai / Vientiane / Nam Ngum Dam)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 204, pl.43, figs.♂,♀. (Lak Sao / Xaignabouri)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Onodera,2009b : 35,38. (Xieng Kouang: Muang Kham / Houaphan: Phu Phan)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Woodfield & Murton,2006 : fig.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Botum Sakor NP.)
Euploea mulciber ; Onodera,2007 : 25, fig.25♂. (Rattanakiri: Poy; Ou Chum / Siem Reap: Phnum Kuhlen)
Euploea mulciber ; Onodera,2008 : 57. Mondolkiri: Bousra.

[ VIETNAM ]
Threpsichrois linnaei ; Joannis,1901 : 316. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Fruhstorfer,1910 : 250. (Tonkin)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Godfrey,1919 : 465. (South: Daban)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Moulton,1923 : 128. (Pulo Condore)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Metaye,1957 : 101. (North / Central / South)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Metaye,1958a : 165, pl.3, figs.1,2.
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Morishita,1970 : 69, fig.24,♂♀. (Cholon / Bolba)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Ikeda et al.,1999 : 53, figs.3:6♂,7♂(Un),8♀,9:12(♂genitalia). (Cuc Phuong)
Euploea mulciber mulciber ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006 : 15, figs.D-14,♂♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri ; Gung Re ; Dai Duc Me ; Madagui / Dong Nai: Thac Mai / Bin Thuan: Dong Tien ; Ta Cu)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
 Mae Hong Son, Ban Ten Doi.        1991.10.30       1♀  Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Mae Hong Son, Ban Na Poo Pam.     1993.10.25   1♂      Local Catcher (YI)
 Chiang Mai, Ban Mae Khong.        1993.03.11   1♂      P.Sukkit (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.                 1992.02.17       1♀  Local Catcher (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.                 1991.03.--   1♂      Local Catcher (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.                 1991.04.--       1♀  Local Catcher (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.                 1993.08.24   1♂      Local Catcher (YI)
 Nan, Doi Phu Kha.                 1991.10.18   1♂      Local Catcher (YI)
 Tak, Umphang.                     1994.03.18   1♂      Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Trat, Ko Chang, Khlong Plu.       1996.03.18   1♂      Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Ranong, Klong Nakha.              1983.03.20   1♂      Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Ranong, Kampuan.                  1993.11.30   1♂      S.Ruangrit (YI)
 Ranong, Kampuan.                  1993.12.22   1♂      S.Ruangrit (YI)
 Ranong, Muang Chone.              1987.04.14   1♂      Y.Shiraishi (YI)
 Ranong, Muang Chone.              1987.04.14   2♂      T.Sakai (YI)
 Ranong, Muang Chone.              1987.04.15       1♀  Y.Shiraishi (YI)
 Nakhon Sri Thammarat, Ka Rom WF.  1992.03.12   1♂      Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Satun, Ko Tarutao.                1987.03.15   1♂      Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Satun, Ko Tarutao.                1987.03.17   2♂ 3♀  Y.Inayoshi (YI)
 Yala, Than To.                    1987.03.21       1♀  Y.Inayoshi (YI)

[ LAOS ]
 Xiang Khouang, Muang Phon Savan.  1993.06.22   1♂ 1♀  P.Sukkit (YI)
 Vientiane, Tadlhek Waterfall.     1996.04.02   1♂      Y.Inayoshi (YI)

[ VIETNAM ]
 Lam Dong, Dambri.                 2003.01.01   1♂      K.Saito (KS)
 Lam Dong, Dambri.                 2003.09.14       1♀  K.Saito (KS)
 Lam Dong, Dambri.                 2002.12.30   1♂ 1♀  K.Saito (KS)
 Lam Dong, Loc Tan.                2006.10.06       1♀  K.Saito (KS)
 Lam Dong, Dai Duc Me.             2003.12.29       1♀  K.Saito (KS)

Notes
Literature

Cramer, P.,[1777] :
Uitlandsche Kapellen. voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America, by een verzameld en bescreeven.
Amsterdam. Baalde, and Utrecht, Wild. 2(9-16):1-152, pl.97-192.

Fabricius, J.C.,1787 : Mantissa Insectorum sistens eorum species nuper detectas adiectis characteribus genericis,
differentiis specificis, emendationibus, observationibus.
Copenhagen, Christ. Gottl. Proft 8vo 1:xx+348pp ; 2:[2]+382pp

Moore, F.,1883 :
A Monograph of Limnaina and Euploeina, two Groups of Diurnal Lepidoptera belonging to the Subfamily Euploeinae;
with descriptions of new genera and species. Part II. Euploeina.
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1883(3):253-324, pls.29-32.

Rhe Philipe, G.W.V. de,1911 : Notes on some Butterflies from the Indian Region.
J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 20(3):753-769.

Euploea mulciber mulciber ♂ Euploea mulciber mulciber ♂
♂, Laos. ( photo by K.Phongpiyamit )

1998.11.15 - 2012.05.15.