Parantica sita sita  (Kollar, [1844])

Parantica sita sita ♂ Up. Parantica sita sita ♂ Un. Parantica sita sita ♀ Up. Parantica sita sita ♀ Un.
♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Parantica sita sita ♂ Up. Parantica sita sita ♂ Un. Parantica sita sita ♀ Up. Parantica sita sita ♀ Un.
♂ (wsf), Nan, Thailand. ♀ (wsf), Nan, Thailand.
Parantica sita sita ♂ Up. Parantica sita sita ♂ Un. Parantica sita sita ♀ Up. Parantica sita sita ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Tak, Thailand.
Parantica sita sita ♂ Up. Parantica sita sita ♂ Un. Parantica sita sita ♂ Up. Parantica sita sita ♂ Un.
♂, Nakhon Nayok, Thailand. (photo by K.Yano) ♂, Vinh Phuc, Vietnam.

ON : Danais sita Kollar, [1844]
OD : in Hugel, Kaschmir. 4(2):424, pl.6.
TL : Massuri, Himaleya.
Distribution : Afghanistan to Myanmar, Thailand,
Laos, Vietnam, Hainan, S.W.China.
● ssp.sita
ssp.melanosticta
ssp.ethologa
Parantica sita sita map

Synonyms

Danais tytia Gray, 1846 : Lep. Ins. Nepal :9-10, pl.9, fig.2. TL. Nepal.
Chittira tytia tira Fruhstorfer, 1899 : Berl. ent. Z. 44(1-2):67-68. TL. 'Assam'


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Danaida sita tira ; Godfrey,1930 : 236-237. (N: Khun Than; Doi Chang; Me Lamoung)
Danaus sita tira ; Pinratana,1977 : 73, fig.D12a♀. (N / W)
Parantica sita sita ; Pinratana & Eliot,1992 : 59,72, pl.74, fig.12a,♂. (Chiang Mai)
Parantica sita sita ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 192, pl.67, fig.D13a♂. (Doi Pha Hom Pok)
Parantica sita sita ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 192, pl.67, figs.N13a♂. (Doi Pha Hom Pok)
Parantica sita sita ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs. (Chiang Mai) (in part) (accessed: 2024.05.04)
Parantica sita sita ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 31, figs.♂,♂(Un),♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Suthep; Chiang Mai; Doi Inthanon)

[ LAOS ]
Danaida sita f.tytia ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 24. (Laos)
Danaida sita f.tira ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 24. (Laos)
Parantica sita sita ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 204, pl.43, fig.♂. (Phong Saly)
Parantica sita sita ; Onodera,2009b : 37. (Xieng Kouang: Nam Noen)
Parantica sita sita ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 43.
Parantica sita sita ; Onodera,2022 : 23, pl.80, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Xiengkhouang: Nam Noen)

[ VIETNAM ]
Danais tytia ; Joannis,1901 : 316. (Tonkin: Cao Bang)
Danaida sita f.tytia ; Dubois & Vitalis,1921 : 24. (Tonkin)
Danais tytia ; Lemée,1950 : 6. (Hagiang)
Danaus sita tytia ; Metaye,1957 : 101. (N)
Danaus sita tytia ; Metaye,1958a : 158. (N: Hagiang) (in part)
Parantica sita sita ; Luong et al.,2004 : 3, 38, figs.♂[♀],♂[♀](Un). (Cuc Phuong)
Parantica sita sita ; Monastyrskii,2011 : 43-44. (N: Hoang Lien; Van Ban; Muong Nhe; Ba Be; Ba Vi; Tam Dao; Cuc Phuong; Xuan Lien / C: Pu Hoat; Pu Mat; Vu Quang; Bach Ma; Ngoc Linh; Kon Plong; Kon Ka Kinh) (in part)
Parantica sita sita ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 19. (N / C / S)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 3♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 12♂ 4♀ (incl. photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Lampang : 10♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 6♂ 3♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Loei : 2♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 1♂ 1♀ (incl. photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 2♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nakhon Nayok : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ LAOS ]
Xieng Khouang : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Vinh Phuc : 1♂ 2♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is locally common in montane forests at moderate to high elevations (Alt. 800 - 2500m). Both sexes visit flowers, and males occasionally come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water.
The populations in the Indo-China region have highly seasonal and individual variations. Further taxonomic study is needed.


Literature

Kollar, V.,[1844] : Aufzahlung und Beschreibung der von Frciherrn Carl v. Hugel auf seiner Reise durch Kaschmir und das Himaleyagebirge gesammelten Insecten.
in Hugel, Kaschmir und das Reich der Siek.
Stuttgart, Hallbergerische Verlagshandlung 4(2):393-564, 582-585, pl.1-28.

Gray, G.R.,1846 : Descriptions and figures of some new lepidopterous insects, chiefly from Nepal.
London, Longman, Brown, Green, and Longman : 15 pp.

Fruhstorfer, H.,1899 : Uebersicht der Indo-Australischen Danaiden und Beschreibung never Formen.
Berl. ent. Z. 44(1-2):64-87, pl.2, 15 figs.


Parantica sita sita ♂ Parantica sita sita ♀
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀ (wsf), Nan, Thailand.
Parantica sita sita ♂ Parantica sita sita ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Parantica sita sita ♀ Parantica sita sita ♀
♀ (laying egg), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Parantica sita sita ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

1998.11.15 - 2024.05.31.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.