Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus  (Doyère, [1840])

Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ♂ Up. Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ♂ Un. Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ♀ Up. Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ♂ Up. Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ♂ Un. Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ♀ Up. Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ♀ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thialand.
Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ♂ Up. Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ♂ Un. Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ♂ Up. Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ♂ Un.
♂, Chanthaburi, Thailand. ♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

ON : Adolias nesimachus Doyère, [1840]
OD : in Cuvier, Règne anim. (Disciples' ed.) 6(4): pl.139bis, fig.1.
TL : not stated.
Distribution : N.India to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia,
Vietnam, Tibet, Hainan, China.
● ssp.nesimachus
ssp.machates
Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus map

Synonym

Argynnis hippomenes Herrich-Schaffre, 1850 : Samml. aussereurop. Schmett. 1:77, pl.[7], figs.11,[♂],12,[♂](Un). TL. India sept.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ; Davidson & Macbeth,1938 : 76. (Koon Tarn)
Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ; Pinratana,1979 : 88, figs.N152a♂,♂(Un). (Chiang Mai)
Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ; Pinratana & Eliot,1996 : 94, pl.70, fig.179a♂. (Chiang Mai; Kanchanaburi)
Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 474, pl.211, figs.N192a♂,♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao)
Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 482, pl.213, figs.N350a♂,♀,♀(Un). (Chiang Dao)
Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ; S.Sophonviwatkul, C.Sunthornwiphat & T.Laola,2015- : Butterflies of Thailand, figs., Early Stages. (Chiang Mai; Phetchabun) (accessed: 2021.07.20)
Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 121, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Doi Pha Hom Pok; Chiang Dao; Ban Salok; Kao Soi Dao; Khlong Kaviea)

[ LAOS ]
Dichorragia nesimachus f. nesimachus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1924 : 44. (Nam-Tie)
Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ; Motono & Negishi,1989 : 61, not fig. (Muong Kassy)
Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 208, pl.76, figs.♂,♀. (Oudomxay; Phong Saly)
Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 46.
Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ; Onodera,2022 : 50, pl.147, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un). (Xiengkhouang: Yortpieng; Muang Khoun)

[ CAMBODIA ]
Dichorragia nesimachus ; Monastyrskii et al.,2011 : 129. (Phnom Samkos W.S.)
Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ; Chartier & Kosterin,2022 : 118. (Pursat)

[ VIETNAM ]
Dichorragia nesimachus f. nesimachus ; Dubois & Vitalis,1924 : 44. (Tonkin)
Dichorragia nesimachus ; Lemée,1950 : 15. (Langson)
Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ; Metaye,1957 : 97. (N)
Dichorragia nesimachus ; Monastyrskii et al.,2006 : 41. (Thua Thien Hue: Bach Ma)
Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ; Miyazaki, Saito & Saito,2006b : 32, figs.N-103,♂,♀. (Lam Dong: Dambri)
Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 34. (N / C to Lam Dong)
Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ; Yokochi et al.,2015 : 41. (Khanh Hoa: Hon Ba)
Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ; Monastyrskii,2019 : 4(1):158-159, pl.32, fig.2a♂,2b♂(Un). (N: Meo Vac; Hoang Lien; Tam Dao / C: Bach Ma; Son Thanh; Ngoc Linh; Kon Ka Kinh; Bi Doup Nui Ba; Hon Ba)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Chiang Mai : 10♂ 15♀ (incl. photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 3♂ 8♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Phetchabun : 2♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chaiyaphum : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 3♂ (incl. photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Kanchanaburi : 1♂ (photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chanthaburi : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes

The butterfly is common in montane forests at moderate to high elevations (Alt. 1000 - 1800m). Males are territorial on trees at hilltops and often settle on trunks of trees. Males frequently come to the banks of streams and puddles to suck water. They often rest on the underside of leaves with their wings spread.


Literature

Doyère, L.,[1840] : In Cuvier 1836-1849, Le Règne Animal, edn. 3 (Disciples').

Herrich-Schaffer, G.A.W.,1850 : Sammlung neuer oder wenig bekannter aussereuropaischer Schmetterlinge.
1: pl.[1-10], figs.1-22 ; 1:53-84(1858).

Cowan, C.F.,1976 : On the Disciples' Edition of Cuvier's Regne Animal.
J. Soc. Bibl. nat. Hist. 8(1):32-64.


Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ♂ Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ♀
♂, Phetchabun, Thailand. ♀, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ♂ Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ♂
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂, Phetchabun, Thailand.
Dichorragia nesimachus nesimachus ♂
♂ (territorial behavior), Tak, Thailand.

2007.10.10 - 2023.04.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © 1996- Y.Inayoshi.