Charaxes kahruba kahruba  (Moore,[1895])

Charaxes kahruba kahruba ♂ Up. Charaxes kahruba kahruba ♂ Un. Charaxes kahruba kahruba ♀ Up. Charaxes kahruba kahruba ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.
Charaxes kahruba kahruba ♂ Up. Charaxes kahruba kahruba ♂ Un. Charaxes kahruba kahruba ♀ Up. Charaxes kahruba kahruba ♀ Un.
♂, Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♀, Nan, Thailand.
Charaxes kahruba kahruba ♂ Up. Charaxes kahruba kahruba ♂ Un. Charaxes kahruba kahruba ♂ Up. Charaxes kahruba kahruba ♂ Un.
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♂, Mae Hong Son, Thailand.
Charaxes kahruba kahruba ♂ Up. Charaxes kahruba kahruba ♂ Un. Charaxes kahruba kahruba ♀ Up. Charaxes kahruba kahruba ♀ Un.
♂, Vinh Phu, Vietnam. (photo by K.Saito) ♀, Ranong, Thailand.

ON : Haridra kahruba Moore,[1895]
OD : Lep. Ind. 2:235, pl.171, figs.1(♂),1b(♂,Un),1b(♀),1c(♀,Un).
TL : Sikkim.



Distribution : Kumaon, Nepal to Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Yunnan.
kahruba map

Synonyms

Charaxes lunawara Doherty,1886 : J. asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt.2. 55(2):124. TL. Lower Kali, Kumaon.
Charaxes kahruba yunnanensis Li & Xie,1994 : in Chou, Monograph. Rhop. Sin. 2:421, figs.♂,♂(Un),♀,♀(Un), 760. TL. Yunnan.


Type Materials Information

yunnanensis : Holotype ♂, 1984.05.24. Mengla, 610m, Yunnan ; Allotype ♀, Yunnan.


Records taken from Literature

[ THAILAND ]
Charaxes kahruba ; Godfrey,1927 : 124. (N)
Charaxes kahruba ; Godfrey,1930 : 303. (Chiang Mai)
Charaxes kahruba ; Pinratana,1979 : 107, figs.N180,♂,♂(Un). (in part)
Charaxes kahruba ; Pinratana,1996 : 97, pl.73, figs.184,♂,♀(Un). (in part)
Charaxes kahruba ; Ek-Amnuay,[2007] : 482, pl.215, figs.N197,♂,♂(Un),♀(bottom,right). (in part)
Charaxes kahruba ; Ek-Amnuay,2012 : 372, pl.159, figs.N200,♂,♂(Un),♀(bottom),♀(bottom,Un). (in part)
Charaxes kahruba ; Kimura et al.,2016 : 131, figs.♂,♂(Un). (Muang Shone)

[ LAOS ]
Charaxes kahruba ; Masui & Uehara,1995 : 5, pl.2, figs.4,5. (Saravan / Xiang Khouang)
Charaxes kahruba ; Osada, Uémura & Uehara,1999 : 209, pl.84, figs.♂,♀. (Thateng / Xiang Khouang)
Charaxes kahrubax ; Nakamura & Wakahara,2012 : 47.

[ VIETNAM ]
Charaxes kahruba f.kahruba ; Dubois & Vitalis de Salvaza,1924 : 47. (Tonkin: Ha-giang)
Charaxes kahruba ; Metaye,1957 : 99. (N)
Charaxes kahruba kahruba ; Miyazaki et al.,2010 : 24, fig.N-133♂. (Lam Dong: Gung Re)
Charaxes kahrubax ; Monastyrskii & Devyatkin,2015 : 42. (N: Tuyen Quang / C: Quang Binh ; Lam Dong)


Specimens Examined

[ THAILAND ]
Mae Hong Son : 5♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Chiang Mai : 6♂ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Nan : 4♂ 2♀ (incl.photo).
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Tak : 2♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec

Ranong : 4♀.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


[ VIETNAM ]
Vinh Phuc : 1♂.
JanFebMarAprMayJun JulAugSepOctNovDec


Notes
The butterfly is uncommon in montane forest and is more cautious than other species.
Individuals that occur during the dry season have a brighter color on the underside of both wings.

Literature

Doherty, W.,1886 : A List of butterflies taken in Kumaon.
J. asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt.2. 55(2):103-140.

Moore, F.,1893-1896 : Lepidoptera Indica. vol.II, Rhopalocera, Family Nymphalidae.
L.Reeve & Co., London.

Chou, I. (ed.),1994 : Monographia Rhopalocerorum Sinensium.
2 vols., 854 pp. Henan Scientific and Technological Publishing House.

Lang, S.,2009 : A Study on the systematics of Nymphalidae (excepting Satyrinae) from China (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea)
Beijing, P.R.China.

Charaxes kahruba kahruba ♂ Charaxes kahruba kahruba ♂
♂, Nan, Thailand. ♂, Nan, Thailand.
Charaxes kahruba kahruba ♂ Charaxes kahruba kahruba ♂
♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand. ♂ (dsf), Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Charaxes kahruba kahruba ♂
♂ (dsf), Mae Hong Son, Thailand.

2006.12.09 - 2019.11.30.

A Check list of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from THAILAND, LAOS & VIETNAM. Copyright © Y.Inayoshi.